Notated antiphons Stepenny in «Tipografsky Ustav»
Kryukov Pavel (2021)
"Notated antiphons Stepenny in «Tipografsky Ustav» ",
Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta.
Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva
pp. 9-21 (in Russian).
DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV202142.9-21
This article is devoted to one of the central genres of the book Oktoikh notirovanny (‘Notated Octoechos’), i.e. the antiphons Stepenny. It discusses the problems of forming the notated cycles in the Octoechos in the most ancient stage and identifies the ways of their transformation. It also substantiates the problems of continuity of the poetic and musical texts by the mid-15th century with this cycle used as an example. The object of the study is the most ancient extant manuscript from the collection of the Tretyakov Gallery which contains a copy of the antiphons Stepenny with Znamennaya notation. The article studies this copy using the example of the antiphons of the 4th mode (glas) both as an independent mode and in comparison with the copy of the Stepenny from a collection of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius; it compares the structure of the chants, principles of notation, reveals discrepancies in the poetic text and the note text. The following conclusions are made based on the comparison of the copies: by the time of the “fracture of style”, the discrepancies in the poetic texts of the chants prove to be insignifi cant and can be explained by local editing; the structure of the chants and their division into lines is practically always identical; the analysis and comparison of the note text allows one to state that the singing of the antiphons Stepenny, judging by the hook line, was similar. This provides evidence of the continuity between the copy of the 15th century as related to that of the 11th century, while techniques of their editing refl ect characteristic features of the singers’ practice.
‘Notated Octoechos’, Typographical Typicon with Contacarium, manuscript, antiphons Stepenny, Znamenny chant, notation
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Information about the author
Kryukov Pavel Student status:
Graduate student; Place of study:
St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation; ORCID: 0000-0002-5008-5191