Guseinova Zivar

Contaminated types of musical-theoretical manuals of the 17th century

Guseinova Zivar (2021) "Contaminated types of musical-theoretical manuals of the 17th century ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2021, vol. 42, pp. 34-47 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV202142.34-47


Active development in the 17th century of musical-theoretical thought led to the emergence of a variety of manuals refl ecting all the features of church singing art. Within this process, one can see the emergence, along with the stable types of theoretical documents, of their contaminated types which in an edited form combine information from various manuals. Contaminated manuals can combine features of documents of diff erent types and diff erent times. This article studies one of the types of contaminated manual, conventionally called “fi to-kokiznik”, which combines materials that represent both “popevkas” and “fi tas”. This list is presented, in particular, in the famous theoretical codex in the manuscript of the second quarter of the 17th century of the Russian State Library, Fund 210 (V. F. Odoevsky’s), # 1. It can be seen that the regular, and in many ways historically traditional, inclusion of “fi tas” in kokizniks or “popevkas” in the fi tniks did not destroy the basic type of the manual, which was determined by the prevailing formulas. Fito-kokiznik, as a rule, appeared in those cases where it was obvious that the author had intentionally related the guide to diff erent types of formulas. Its purpose was, presumably, the display of “fi tas” and “popevkas”, that is, melodic lines, structuring both formulas. To this end, the author of the codex has combined the information of several diff erent manuals, carrying out considerable editorial work.


church singing, contamination, musical-theoretical manual, editing, fitnik, kokiznik, formula, “fita”, “popevka”, singing, melodic string


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Information about the author

Guseinova Zivar

Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: St. Petersburg State Conservatory; 3 Teatral’naya Sq., St. Petersburg 190000, Russian Federation;
Post: professor, head of Department of russian music history;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8940-6485;
Email: zivar-g@mail.ru.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.