Chairovich Ivitza, диакон

Anglo-Saxon art. Chronology, Influences, Perspectives

Chairovich Ivitza (2018) "Anglo-Saxon art. Chronology, Influences, Perspectives ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2018, vol. 30, pp. 9-32 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV201830.9-32


This article deals with styles of Anglo-Saxon art arranged in chronological order with particular reference to Celtic and Scandinavian infl uences. A specifi c chapter of the article discusses three perspectives of Anglo-Saxon art, namely the mutual relationship between Anglo-Saxon, Celtic and Scandinavian art; the Holy Scriptures in Anglo- Saxon art; the new approach to icons and iconology in the West (Carolingian Empire) in the Middle Ages. These perspectives clearly show how close the cultural and social connections between the peoples of the British Isles and the northern parts of Western Europe were in the Middle Ages; they also demonstrate what these connections have given to subsequent generations, namely the Holy Scripture as an artistic and religious ideal (sola Scriptura), reinterpretation of the icon in the result of the statutes of the Seventh Ecumenical Council, the Council in Frankfurt (794) and Libra Carolini, i.e. the artistic and theological look at the veneration of icons of the later times that originated in Aachen and spread in the Protestant milieu of Western Europe. There are three elements observed in the art of Anglo-Saxon England which were always present in artwork and artefacts, namely colour, correlation of abstract ornamentation and fi gurative painting, continuous reception of infl uences from Ireland, Scandinavia, continental Europe. The main hypothesis of the article is that the Anglo-Saxon approach to art with all its influences and periodical syncretism at the turn of the fi rst and second millenia AD has conditioned changes in the expression of the religious feeling of Germanic peoples of continental Western Europe. In the context of the Carolingian Renaissance (which included particular attention to the Holy Scriptures and Charles’ the Great ideas on iconoclasm), this conditioned the fact that in Protestant circles of the later period the Holy Scriptures are taken as the sole creed in the church, whereas icons are not venerated in the same fashion as in the Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches.


Anglo-Saxon art, Northumbria, Wessex, Kent, Sutton Hoo, Insular style, Irish- Saxon style, Anglo-Scandinavian style, Insular art, Lindisfarn Gospel, Codex Amiatinus, Opus Anglicanum


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Information about the author

Chairovich Ivitza, диакон

Academic Degree: Doctor of Theology;
Place of work: Belgrade University; 11B Mije Kovačevića Str., Belgrade 11060, Serbia;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4677-7897;
Email: icairovic@bfspc.bg.ac.rs.