The article deals with specifi c features of non-traditional genres of Russian sacred music, the compositional basis of which is made up by non-liturgical genres widely employed in academic music of the 19–20th centuries: cantata, oratorio, choral concert, etc. Non-traditional genres play an important role in the typology of Russian sacred music alongside traditional genres and genres of a mixed type. The main criterion for their diff erentiation is their connection with the liturgical and singing tradition, as well as certain lexical properties, composition techniques, means of musical expressiveness that support their affi nity with canonical foundations of Russian sacred music and, conversely, remoteness from them. Historical prerequisites for the emergence of nontraditional genres are examined in two aspects: in the perspective of development of the cantata-oratorial genre (from works by S. Taneyev to cantatas and oratorios by G. Sviridov, V. Gavrilin) and also as a consequence of transformation of the traditional genres of Russian spiritual music in works by A. Kastalsky, A. Grechaninov. The aim of the paper is to identify specifi c properties of non-traditional genres of Russian sacred music. The methodology of the study is conditioned by the features of the genre sphere of Russian sacred music and is based on provisions and terminology of liturgics, as well as scientifi c categories of Russian musicology. The specifi city of non-traditional genres is determined by the combination of individual elements of sacredness with properties of non-liturgical genres: cantatas, oratorios, concertos, symphonies lit by the liturgical idea, the light of the Christian creed. The properties of non-liturgical genres are determined by non-liturgical conditions of the performance, by the use of diff erent line-ups of performers and the textual basis, the combination of traditional means of musical expressiveness with techniques of modern composition. The elements of indirect relationship with the liturgical basis can be presented on the level of the liturgical text, allusions to the liturgical follow-up, as well as in the musical composition or the programme content of the work.
traditional genres, non-traditional genres, cantata, oratorio-liturgical singing tradition, liturgical idea, Biblical-Christian themes, canonical model, concert performance
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Kovalev Andrey Academic Degree:
Candidate of Sciences*
in Art Criticism; Place of work:
V. Popov Academy of Choral Art; 2 Festivalnaya Str., 125565, Moscow, Russian Federation; Post:
Associate Professor; ORCID: 0000-0001-5503-3676
*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.