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Kazantseva Tatiana

Unknown notation in an Old Believers’ manuscript from the Hermitage library of Tomsk state university collection


Kazantseva Tatiana (2017) "Unknown notation in an Old Believers’ manuscript from the Hermitage library of Tomsk state university collection ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia V : Voprosi istorii i teorii hristianskogo iskusstva, 2017, vol. 26, pp. 131-151 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturV201726.131-151

Abstract

This article examines a previously unknown type of non-lined notation which was discovered in two late Old Believers’ manuscripts kept in a collection of the Scientifi c Library of Tomsk State University. They originate from wanderers’ hermitages of Tomsk-Chulym taiga. We include this notation in the category of “experimental” notation, known by several Old Believers’ copies of the late 18th and the 19th centuries. Its peculiarity is made up by the superfl uity of elements and by the absence of strict links between melodic tunes and graphic marks. The identifying of melodic and rhythmical content of the notation signs demanded a reconstruction of oral versions of the tunes. The reconstruction made possible to establish graphic variants of the same sign, as well as to group various signs that denote identical or similar melodic tunes. As a result, it is concluded that this notation constitutes a primitive way of fi xing musical material previously learned by ear. The elements of this notation are not systematised. However, despite all its naivety it is more adequate as to the specifi cs of Znamenny chant than earlier-known universal “experimental” notations.

Keywords

Znamenny chant, experimental notations, Old Believers’ singing manuscripts, wanderers, Hermitage Library, Tomsk-Chulym taiga

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Information about the author

Kazantseva Tatiana