The article is devoted to the study of the problem of teachers' attitude to the labor education of younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities in the context of a comparative analysis of rural and urban schools. The relevance of the work is due to the need for a comprehensive analysis of various approaches to the labor education of younger schoolchildren arising in rural and urban schools. The study of the process of labor education of younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities in various socio-cultural educational spaces will allow to identify pressing problems and on this basis suggest ways to solve them. The purpose of the article is to conduct a comparative analysis of the labor education of younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities, using the example of rural and urban schools. To study the problem, an expert survey of teachers was conducted in the period from September 2021 to January 2022 using the Google Form service. Normative documents were used as research materials: the Strategy for the Development of Education in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025, the Strategy for the Development of Youth in the Russian Federation until 2025, Order No. 286 "On approval of the Federal State educational standard of primary general Education" dated 31.05.21; methodological recommendations on the organization of education, as well as scientific research on this problem. 183 teachers took part in the survey, including from rural schools (n = 83), schools of the city of Orenburg (n = 100). The participants of the experiment were familiarized with the purpose of the study and confirmed their consent to cooperate. In the experimental work, the questionnaire method was used, which made it possible to identify the problems of organizing the labor education of younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities and suggest ways to solve them.
labor education, upbringing, junior high school student, extracurricular activities, teacher's attitude, attitude to labor education, rural school, urban school
*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.