The biography of a famous person is used by writers and educators to demonstrate to children the best qualities and actions and sets social-role models of behavior. The article examines the collection of biographies "The Youth of Famous People" by Eugene Muller from the point of view of gender stereotypes proposed by the writer in connection with the reader's addressing .The main task of the work is to establish which hero was prescribed by E. Muller to the girl reader, what is the specificity of the types of heroes of biograms selected for girl. E. Muller addresses the biographies of famous personalities, retelling the life stories of L. van Beethoven, J. Haydn, G. Galileo, Horace, J.-B. Moliere, V.A. Mozart, N. Paganini, H. Columbus, Napoleon I Bonaparte, P.P. Rubens, E.M. Falcone. In the collection "The Youth of Famous People" the author for several evenings tells the children stories about heroes who are called upon to raise a person with an exemplary character. Muller, using a narrative game with reader addressing, attempted to show different types of child readers to whom certain biographical material corresponds. The 1897 edition (translated by V.D. Vladimirov) contains one hundred and ten biographical episodes, and in the 1912 edition (translated by N. S. Kuteinikov) the number of biographies increased by complementing Russian biographies (Metropolitan Platon, M.V. Lomonosov, M.S.Schepkin, I.A.Krylov, A.S. Pushkin, V.G. Belinsky, N.M. Karamzin, A.V. Suvorov). In gender biographical narratives are uneven. Among one hundred and ten biographies only five images devoted to women: Sophie Germain, Anne Lefebvre, Veronica Maleguzzi, Maria Agnesi, Delphine de Girardin.
biography, children's reading, "The youth of famous people", Eugene Muller, reader's addressing, gender, non-fiction, biogram, biographical narrative, biographical history, career biography
The research was done with the fi nancial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of the the scientifi c project 19-013-00381 «Pedagogical concepts of socialization in Russian children's literature».