Smoljaninova Tatyana; Petrjaeva Tatyana; Busygina Julia

Image of the other person as a basis in formation of personal identity

Smoljaninova Tatyana, Petrjaeva Tatyana, Busygina Julia (2020) "Image of the other person as a basis in formation of personal identity ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2020, vol. 56, pp. 30-40 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV202056.30-40


This article aims to expose the essence and meaningful characteristics of images of other persons for the formation of personal identity in the system of education. The methodology of the analysis applies the ontological, phenomenological, personalityoriented approaches. The image of the other person is underlain by the refl ection of reality, a reflexive act, ideal-typical construction in its various possible manifestations. For the growing personality and the formation of his or her identity, the dynamics of sensual and notional, standard-related and interpretative images are particularly significant. It is on the basis of meaningful images rather that ideals that the inclusion in group and community takes place; in the same way various types of identity develop. It is underlined that the interpretative images are extrmely sensual, are conditioned by the subjective position as to the other person, by results of the personal choice coloured by the signifi cance (both positive and negative); by certain results of the “adjustment”, inclusio of subjective senses and evaluations which allow the person to maximally “possess” the other person, employ him or her as a “mirror” in making one’s own image and identity more precise. One’s own choice is abundant of accidental traits and is underlain by subjective perception of reality, specifi c experience and values. The normative image is off ered from the outside in already preset parameters. In some cases, the image can be dissociated from its bearer and be off ered as an example. Its formal adoption is obligatory, the real adoption is only possible if there are arguments in favour of the adoption. Subjective assessment can be preset and is obligatorily maintained from the outside. An important role in internalising these images is played by cognition. Using the image of mother as an example, the article shows characteristic features of forming social identity; using the image of the teacher it shows school-related identity. Special attention is paid to the images of historically and culturally signifi cant fi gures in forming the school student’s identity.


image of other person, interpretative image, standard image, social identity, school identity, image of mother, image of teacher


  1. Goriachev V. (2013) “Kratkii istoricheskii analiz ponimaniia obraza v otechestvennoi psihologii” [A short historical analysis of understanding of an image in Russian psychology]. Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovaniia, 2 (39), 66–69 (in Russian).
  2. Gutner G. (2009) “Vozmozhnyi argument v pol'zu fenomenologicheskogo podkhoda” [Possible argument in favour of the phenomenological approach]. Epistemologiia i filosofiya nauki, 2, 47–50 (in Russian).
  3. Kharlamenkova N., Stodelova T. (2011) “Izmenenie otnoshenii v diade mat'–rebenok i dinamika obraza materi v podrostkovom vozraste” [Change of relations in a dyad mother vs. child and dynamics in the image of mother in teenage age]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N. A. Nekrasova. Seriia: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia. Sotsial'naia rabota. Iuvenologiia. Sotsiokinetika, 1, 145–154 (in Russian).
  4. Kontorovich S. (2010) “Nekotorye aspekty obraza materi i ikh otrazhenie v predstavleniiakh sovremennykh rossiian” [Some aspects of the image of mother and their refl exion in ideas of modern Russians]. Vestnik Tikhookeanskogo gosudarstvennogo ekonomicheskogo universiteta, 1, 101–107 (in Russian).
  5. Kotova S., Moshko M. (2011) “Obraz uchitelia nachal'noi shkoly glazami roditelei i samikh uchitelei” [Image of the teacher of elementary school in eyes of parents and teachers themselves]. Gertsenovskie chteniia. Nachal'naia shkola. St Petersburg. Pp. 330–336 (in Russian).
  6. Luzina L. (2011) “Ontologicheskaia kontseptsiia vospitaniia: traditsii i perspektivy” [The ontologic conception of education: traditions and prospects], available at http://www.emissia.org/offl ine/2001/830.htm (08.12.2019).
  7. Razina L. (2017) “Osobennosti vospriiatiia uchitelia mladshimi shkol'nikami” [Features of perception of the teacher in younger schoolchildren]. Nachal'naia shkola, 2, 5–10 (in Russian).
  8. Romm T. (2007) “Sotsial'noe vospitanie: evoliutsiia teoreticheskikh obrazov” [Social education: evolution of theoretical patterns], Novosibirsk (in Russian).
  9. Serikov V. (1994) “Lichnostno-orientirovannyi podkhod v obrazovanii: kontseptsii i tekhnologii” [Personality-focused approach in education: concepts and techniques]. Volgograd (in Russian).
  10. Vasiagina N. (2015) “Predstavlennost' obraza materi v mental'nom prostranstve” [Representation of the image of mother in mental space], available at https://elibrary.ru/download/elibrary_13083694_39216439.pdf (08.12.2019).
  11. Vodiakha iu. (2015) “Sravnitel'nyi analiz obraza ottsa i obraza materi u podrostkov s Internetzavisimost'iu” [Comparative analysis of the image of father and image of mother in teenagers with Internet addiction]. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii, 1, 119–123 (in Russian).

Information about the author

Smoljaninova Tatyana

Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Voronezh State Pedagogical University; 86 Lenina Str., Voronezh, 394043, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8051-6183;
Email: t.smolyaninova@inbox.ru.

Petrjaeva Tatyana

Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Voronezh State Pedagogical University 86 Lenina Str., Voronezh, 394043, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0621-2165;
Email: tanyapetryaeva@yandex.ru.

Busygina Julia

Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Voronezh State Pedagogical University 86 Lenina Str., Voronezh, 394043, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5167-4799;
Email: padobus@rambler.ru.