/

Cherdynceva Evgeniya

Formation of internal position of student in younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities


Cherdynceva Evgeniya (2018) "Formation of internal position of student in younger schoolchildren in extracurricular activities ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia IV : Pedagogika. Psihologiia, 2018, vol. 51, pp. 42-55 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturIV201851.42-55

Abstract

This article emphasises the necessity of developing the internal position of student in younger schoolchildren in accordance with federal requirements. It reveals the opportunities provided by extracurricular activities for the internal position of the student. It analyses scientifi c approaches to the development of the internal position of the student in younger schoolchildren and to the organisation of extracurricular work at primary school. The methodological base of article is constituted by studies of M. Bezrukikh, A. Venger, D. El’konin on psychological features of children’s development when going over from preschool to younger school age; the studies by L. Bozhovich, T. Nezhnova, V. Davydova, V. Slobodchikova, G. Tsukerman on the specificity and stages in developing the internal position of the student. Based on these studies, the author of the article gives a defi nition of the notion of “internal position of the student” and reveals its consituent features. Particularly important are the following aspects: providing theoretical grounds for the complex of pedagogical conditions for the development of the internal position of the student in younger schoolchildren; the parents’ mastering of the necessary competence for the development of the internal position of the student in children; the design of a programme of extracurricular activities “First Time in the First Grade”. The article presents an analysis of results of diagnostics of the level of formation of the theoretical and methodological readiness of teachers of primary school as well as the competence of parents as to the development of the internal position of the student in schoolchildren of primary school. The article offers results of the author’s study of the level of formation of the internal position of the student in younger schoolchildren. The article describes the process and results of implementing the original programme for the development of the internal position of the student in schoolchildren taught in extracurricular activities that include a complex of forms of methodological work with teachers and interaction with parents, a system of extracurricular work with children. The author shows in applied and experimental work the implementation of pedagogical conditions for developing the internal position of the student in younger schoolchildren during an extracurricular activity. The veracity of the data obtained is checked in the course of its statistical processing.

Keywords

education, younger schoolchildren, internal position of student, extracurricular activity, pedagogical conditions, theoretical and methodological comptenence of teachers, educational activity

References

  1. Adol'f V., Ianova M. (2013) Professional'naia podgotovka pedagoga v kontekste stanovleniia i razvitiia ego organizatsionno-pedagogicheskoi kul'tury [Professional Training of a Teacher in the Context of Organisational and Pedagogical Culture]. Krasnoiarsk (in Russian).
  2. Bozhovich L. (2008) Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and its Formation in Young Age]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Davydov V., Slobodchikov V., Tsukerman G. (1992) “Mladshii shkol'nik kak sub»ekt uchebnoi deiatel'nosti” [“Younger Schoolchild as a Subject of Educational Activity”]. Voprosy psikhologii. 1992, vol. 3–4, pp. 14–19 (in Russian).
  4. Drozdova I. (2010) “Stanovlenie subŸektnoi pozitsii mladshikh shkol'nikov pri realizatsii lichnostno-razvivaiushchego vzaimodeistviia pedagoga i obuchaiushchikhsia” [“Formation of Subject Position of Younger Schoolchildren in Implementation of Personality-Related Developing Interaction of Teacher and Students”]. Vestnik Cherepovetskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2010, vol. 2, pp. 9–12 (in Russian).
  5. El'konin D. (2008) Detskaia psikhologiia [Children’s Psychology]. Moscow (in Russian).
  6. Federal'nyi gosudarstvennyi obrazovatel'nyi standart nachal'nogo obshchego obrazovaniia (2011) [Federal State Educational Standard of Primary School Education]. Moscow.
  7. Frolova P., Gorina A., Dubynina M. (2015) Psikhologiia i pedagogika [Psychology and Pedagogy]. Omsk (in Russian).
  8. Ginzburg M. (2012) Razvitie motivov u detei 6–7 let. Osobennosti psikhicheskogo razvitiia detei 6–7-letnego vozrasta [Developing Motives in Children Aged 6‒7. Features of Psychic Development of Children Aged 6‒7]. Moscow (in Russian).
  9. Grigor'ev D., Stepanov P. (2010) Vneurochnaia deiatel'nost' shkol'nikov [Extracurricular Activities of Schoolchildren]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Gutkina N. (2000) Psikhologicheskaia gotovnost' k shkole [Psychological Readiness for School]. Moscow (in Russian).
  11. Molchanova A. (2015) “Vneurochnaia deiatel'nost' obuchaiushchikhsia nachal'noi shkoly: osnovnye podkhody, usloviia i modeli organizatsii” [“Extracurricular Activities of Children at Primary School: Main Approaches, Conditions and Patterns in Organisation”]. Nachal'naia shkola. 2015, vol. 8, pp. 46–52 (in Russian).
  12. Nezhnova T. (2008) “Vnutrenniaia pozitsiia shkol'nika: poniatie i problema” [“Internal Position of a Schoolchild: Notion and Problem”]. Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa, vol. 5, pp. 143–156 (in Russian).
  13. Nikolaeva M. (2011) “Lichnostno-professional'noe razvitie uchitelia nachal'nykh klassov v sisteme professional'nogo obrazovaniia: opyt, problemy, perspektivy” [“Personal and Professional Development of Teacher at Primary School in the System of Professional Education: Experience, Problems, Prospects”]. Izvestiia VGPU, vol. 8, pp. 57–62 (in Russian).
  14. Polivanova K. (2009) Shestiletki: diagnostika gotovnosti k shkole [Six-Year-Olds: Assessing Readiness for School]. Moscow (in Russian).
  15. Sergeeva B., Arakelian R. (2016) “Formirovanie roditel'skoi kompetentnosti v usloviiakh nachal'noi shkoly” [“Developing Parents’ Competence in Conditions of Primary School”]. Istoricheskaia i sotsial'no-obrazovatel'naia mysl'. 2016, vol. 1/1, pp. 184–188 (in Russian).
  16. Shadrikov V. (2011) Professionalizm sovremennogo pedagoga: metodika otsenki urovnia kvalifi katsii pedagogicheskikh rabotnikov [Competence of Present-Day Teacher: Methods of Assessing the Level of Qualifi cation of Teachers]. Moscow (in Russian).
  17. Shcherbinina O. (2014) “K voprosu o kriteriiakh, pokazateliakh i urovniakh razvitiia vnutrennei pozitsii lichnosti mladshego shkol'nika” [“On the Criteria, Indicators and Degrees of Development of Internal Position of Personality of Younger Schoolchild”]. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, vol. 2 (121), pp. 394–400 (in Russian).
  18. Shipova L. (2015) “Razrabotka kriteriev i pokazatelei vnutrennei pozitsii shkol'nika v psikhologopedagogicheskikh issledovaniiakh” [“Design of Criteria and Indicators of Internal Position of Schoolchild in Psychological and Pedagogical Studies”]. Teoriia i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiia, vol. 8, pp. 260–262 (in Russian).
  19. Stepanov E. (2011) “Metodicheskie sovety po organizatsii vneurochnoi deiatel'nosti uchashchikhsia nachal'nykh klassov” [“Methodological Advice on Organising Extracurricular Activities for Primary School Children”]. Zavuch nachal'noi shkoly, vol. 6, pp. 36–48 (in Russian).

Information about the author

Cherdynceva Evgeniya


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Omsk state pedagogical University; Russian Federation, Omsk, 644099, Nab. Tukhachevsky, d. 14;
Post: Associate Professor of pedagogics and psychology of childhood;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3568-6984;
Email: CherdyncevaEV@rambler.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.