The paper presents theoretical and methodological foundations of V. M. Bekhterev’s conception of education from the perspective of levels of methodological knowledge. The philosophical basis of this conception is constituted by Russian classical pedagogy. The author points out that Bekhterev explained the essence of the education process through the theory of evolutionary monism. Medical vision of educational problems allowed the scientist to focus on the origin and existence of processes directly related to education and personal development. As a representative of experimental pedagogy, the scientist was one of the fi rst who applied the method of experiment to pedagogical phenomena. The paper off ers a formulation of the approach that was essential to V. M. Bekhterev’s conception of teaching. Based on the analysis of pedagogical works of the scientist, the paper describes in detail the integrated model of child’s preschool education.
history of Russian pedagogy, theoretical and methodological foundations, V. M. Bekhterev, education, Russian classical pedagogy, evolution theory, experimental pedagogy, pedagogical concept, preschool age children, model of education, integrated approach
Bim-Bad B. M., Pedagogicheskie techeniia v nachale dvadtsatogo veka: Lektsii po pedagogicheskoi antropologii i filosofii obrazovaniia, Moscow, 1998.