The article is devoted to the ideas of education in Moscow State of the 16th century and their place in the Pan-European setting up of New Enlightenment. The 16th century in Russia is the peak of development of original Russian medieval civilization, and therefore of education, literature and pedagogy. At this speciﬁc time Russian society lived with several outstanding ideas: the uniﬁcation of Russian lands into a single State, inheriting the spiritual world of Byzantium, the idea of Russian people's mission among other European Nations. These ideas formed the conception of what a man should be like in order to comply with those missions. Particular attention is paid to the Old Russian book-learning and times codes of Ivan the Terrible. Common and diﬀerent features in the development of national and Western European education at the end of the Middle Ages are also emphasized. The author also compares two typical samples of national and Western European literature of the period, describing family relationships — Tale of Peter and Fevronia, and medieval Troy history. The article displays the interconnection and mutual inconsistency of the two types of European education.
The history of pedagogy, education, Russian pedagogy, spirituality of education, Russian school, morality and science, Christian anthropology, the Middle Ages.
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