The article studies the charitable activity of the rector of the Cathedral of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Geneva, Revd. S. I. Orlov (1864‒1944). He gained the first experience in helping the suff ering people during his ministry in Ryazan province (1891‒1895). He began his ministry in Russian Orthodox parishes in 1895 in the south of France. For most of his life, he was rector of the Cathedral of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Geneva (1905‒1944). One of the fi rst steps of Archpriest (till 1828) Orlov in his parish was the creation of parish patronage for the poor and sick by the church. It was opened on April 20, 1906. It paid housing to the needy Russians, issued one-time loans and non-refundable allowances for medical treatment, provided free and affordable lunches, etc. Already in its third year of operation, it was able to spend 6,000 francs to help the needy. The fi rst serious ordeal for the patronage was the First World War. It had to provide assistance to compatriots who wanted to return to their homeland, prisoners of war and refugees. After the fall of the monarchy, Archpriest Orlov continued to bear his pastoral burden and to care about the many Russians living in Switzerland. Church patronage constantly harmonised its activities with the imperial consulate in Geneva, and later with the representative of A.V. Kolchak’s government. Archpriest Sergy Orlov took part in the activities of the patronage as well as in other relief organisations for compatriots. He initiated the founding of some of them, i.e. the Dormitory for Russian women in diffi cult fi nancial situation (1918), the Russian Charity Society in Lausanne (1918), Russian Society (1919), Union of Orthodox Wives (1924) and others.
Revd. Sergiy Ioannovich Orlov, Cathedral of Exaltation of Holy Cross in Geneva, parish patronage for the poor and sick at the church, Prince S. М. Golitsyn, Russian deputy in Bern V. R. Bakherakht, Union of Orthodox Wives, assistance to prisoners of war and refugeers
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Shevtsova Galina Academic Degree:
Candidate of Sciences*
in History; Academic Degree:
Candidate of Sciences*
in History; Place of work:
Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninsky prospect, Moscow, Russian Federation; Post:
research scientist; ORCID: 0000-0002-0706-1629
*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.