I. A. Karabinov’s liturgical studies as seen in the present-day perspective
Dashevskaya Zoya (2020)
"I. A. Karabinov’s liturgical studies as seen in the present-day perspective ",
Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta.
Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi
pp. 97-116 (in Russian).
DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII202093.97-116
This article studies I. A. Karabinov’s ideas and conceptions of forming the Eucharistic prayer presented in his thesis Eucharistic Prayer (Anaphora): An Attempt at Historical and Liturgical Analysis as well as in his course of lectures taught in the 1910s. This article analyses Karabinov’s views on the formation of the structure of the Eucharistic prayer, as well as the research methodology he used in studying the initial theological forms, the stages of development of the Eucharistic prayer and the interdependence of various liturgical traditions. Karabinov was the fi rst Russian scholar of liturgics to analyse the structure of the Eucharistic prayer sequence and to make use of the comparative method together with historical reconstructions, and without reliance on descriptions, commentaries and interpretations of earlier liturgical studies. He concludes that the Anaphora prayers which consisted of prayers of praise, thanksgiving and short intercessions, were later fi lled with words of exhortation, institution, dogmatic formulations and elaborated intercessions. These additional elements increased the volume of text in the Anaphora prayer, a situation which he believes led to a reduction of the prayer’s original elements, particularly the prayers of thanksgiving. Karabinov’s declared methodology opens the door to liturgical reconstructions which, nevertheless, will not be complete without consideration of the historical-theological context and church practice, neither of which were taken into account in Karabinov’s study. However, his approach of comparitive analysis makes it possible not to return to a moralising retelling of the Eucharistic prayer in narrow confessional confi nes, but allows one to study the text of the Eucharistic prayer in its development and to register all changes in its structure and content.
liturgical studies, Eucharistic prayer, Anaphora, Karabinov, thanksgiving, words of institution, Epiclesis, intercession
- Bouley A. (1980) From Freedom to Formula / The Evolution of the Eucharistic Prayer from Oral Improvisation to Written Texts. Washington, DC.
- Bovkalo A. (1998) “Poslednii god sushchestvovaniia Bogoslovskogo instituta” [Last year of the theological institute]. Minuvshee. Istoricheskii al’manakh, 24 (in Russian).
- E. P. R., Zheltov M., priest (2012) “Karabinov I. A.”, in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 30, pp. 614‒615. Moscow (in Russian).
- Fenwick J. (1992) The Anaphoras of St Basil and St James. An Investigation into their Common Origin. Rome.
- Galadza P. (2001) “Baumstark’s Kievan Contemporary, Mikhail N. Skaballanovich (1871–1931): A Sketch of His Life and Heorthology”, in R. F. Taft, G. Winkler (eds) Comparative Liturgy Fifty Years After Anton Baumstark (1872‒1948): Acts of the International Congress, 25‒29 September 1998. Rome. Pp. 761–777.
- Galadza D. (2016) “«Les grandes étapes de la liturgie byzantine» de Miguel Arranz quarante ans après”, in A. Lossky, G. Sekulovski (eds) 60 semaines liturgiques à Saint-Serge. Bilans et perspectives nouvelles. Münster. Pp. 295–310.
- Galadza D. (2017) “The Assumptionists and the Study of Byzantine Liturgy”: L’apport des Assomptionnistes français aux études byzantines, in M.-H. Blanchet, I. A. Tudorie (eds) Une approche critique. Paris. Pp. 233–258.
- Getcha J. (2004) “Les études liturgiques russes au XIXe — XXe siècles et leur impact sur la pratique”. Les mouvements liturgiques. Corrélations entre pratiques et recherches (Bibliotheca Ephemerides Liturgicae, «Subsidia» 129). Roma. Pp. 279‒290.
- Karabinov I. (2004) Postnaia Triod’. Istoricheskii obzor ee plana, sostava, redaktsii i slavianskikh perevodov [The Lenten Triodion. Historical review of its plan, composition, editions, and Slavic translations]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Ligier L. (1973) “The Origins of the Eucharistic Prayer: From the Last Supper to the Eucharist”. Studia Liturgica, 9, pp. 161–185.
- Mateos J. (1971) “La célébration de la Parole dans la Liturgie byzantine. Étude historique”. OCA 191.
- Pivovarova N. (2004) “Zabytye imena v Russkoi tserkovnoi arkheologii: I. A. Karabinov i N. V. Malitskii” [Forgotten names in Russian church archaeology: I. A. Karabinov and N. V. Malitsky]. Iskusstvo khristianskogo mira, 8. Moscow (in Russian).
- Salaville S. (1929) “Bulletin de liturgie (suite)”. Revue des études byzantines, 154, pp. 173‒208.
- Sauget J. (1962) Bibliographie des Liturgies Orientales (1900–1960). Roma.
- Sove B. (1970) “Istoriia liturgicheskoi nauki v Rossii” [History of liturgical studies in Russia]. Uchenye zapiski. Pravoslavnyi Universitet ap. Ioanna Bogoslova, 2, pp. 21–98 (in Russian).
- Spynks B. (2013) Do This in Remembrance of Me: The Eucharist from the Early Church to the Present Day. London.
- Sukhova N. (2006) Vysshaia dukhovnaшa shkola: problemy i reformy (vtoraia polovina XIX veka) [Higher spiritual school: Problems and reforms (the second half of the 19th century)]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Taft R., (2011) “Ekumenicheskaia nauka i katolichesko-pravoslavnyi spor ob epiklezise” [Ecumenical scholarship and the Catholic-Orthodox Epiclesis dispute], in Taft R.F. Stat’i, vol. 2. Omsk (in Russian).
- Taft R. (2011) “Liturgicheskoe delo 25 let spustia posle Aleksandra Shmemana (1921‒1983): chelovek i ego nasledie” [Liturgical enterprise twenty-fi ve years after Alexander Shmeman (1921‒1983): The man and his heritage], in Taft R. F. Stat’i, vol. 2. Omsk (in Russian).
- Taft R. (2000) The Byzantine Rite. A Short History. St Petersburg (Russian translation).
- Taft R. (2002) “Anton Baumstark’s Comparative Liturgy Revisited”, in Acts of the International Congress Comparative Liturgy Fifty Years After Anton Baumstark (1872‒1948). Rome, 25‒29 September 1998. Rome. Pp. 191–237.
- Taft R. (2001) Beyond East and West: Problems in Liturgical Understanding. Rome.
- Tarasov I. (2014) “Zhiznennyi put’ professora Sankt-Peterburgskoi dukhovnoi akademii Ivana Alekseevicha Karabinova (1878‒1937)” [Professor of St. Petersburg Theological Academy Ivan Alekseevich Karabinov: Biography]. Khistianskoe chtenie, 4, pp. 125‒155 (in Russian).
- Uspenskii N. Anaphora (opyt istoriko-liturgicheskogo analiza) [Anaphora: an essay in historical and liturgical analysis], available at http://www.btrudy.ru/resources/BT13/40_Uspensky_Anaphora.pdf (25.12.2019).
- West F., Taft R. (eds) (1923) A. Baumstark. Vom geschichtlichen Werden der Liturgie.
- Winkler G. (1994) “The Achievements of the Pontifi cal Oriental Institute in the Study of Oriental Liturgiology”, in R. Taft and J. Dugan (eds) Il 75 Anniversario del Pontificio Istituto Orientale.Atti delle celebrazioni giubilari. Rome. Pp. 115–141.
- Zheltov M. (2011) Obzor istorii pravoslavnoi liturgicheskoi nauki do kontsa XX veka [Outline of history of Orthodox liturgical science up to the end of the 20th century], available at https://bogoslov.ru/article/1883125.
- Zheltov M. (2011) “The Moment of Eucharistic Consecration in Byzantine Thought”, in M. Johnson (ed.) Issues in Eucharistic Praying in East and West: Essays in Liturgical and Theological Analysis. Pp. 263–306.
- Zheltov M. (2012) “Anaphora”, in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia, vol. 30, pp. 279‒289. Moscow (in Russian).
Information about the author
Dashevskaya Zoya Student status:
Graduate student; Place of study:
St Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute; Moscow State University; 29 Pokrovka, Moscow 105062, Russian Federation; Post:
Dean, Sсhool of Theology, St Philaret's Christian Orthodox Institute; ORCID: 0000-0002-2193-3382