On the relations between the Serbian and Russian Churches abroad in 1960–1980
Kostryukov Andrey (2020)
"On the relations between the Serbian and Russian Churches abroad in 1960–1980 ",
Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta.
Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi
pp. 144-157 (in Russian).
DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII202092.144-157
This article studies the problems in relations between the Serbian Church and the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. In the 1920s and 1930s, Russian refugees were supported by the Serbian Church, and the Russian Church Abroad was granted canonical status. Good relations between the churches continued afterwards as well. However, in the 1960s and 1980s, the party of “zealots” (Russ. ревнители) gained considerable influence in the Russian Church Abroad, accusing the Orthodox world of apostasy and advocating a resolute severance with the local churches, including the Serbian Church. At the same time, many priests valued their relations with world Orthodoxy. The opposition of the two parties is linked to the attitude of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad towards bishop Dionysius (Milivojevich), who separated from the Serbian Church in 1963 and established the so-called “Free Serbian Orthodox Church”. At fi rst, the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad was ready to fully support the new split, but in 1967 it condemned the new discord. Nevertheless, later representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, including metropolitan Filaret (Voznesensky) made harsh statements against the legitimate Serbian Church. For its part, the Serbian Church avoided conflict with the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad and continued to protect it. In the early 1970s, Moscow Patriarchate was preparing to condemn the Russian Church Abroad. The issue was discussed at the Local Council in 1971, and it was decided to abandon it. A representative of the Serbian Church, who was present at the Council, also opposed the condemnation of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. This attitude on the part of the Serbian Church was also observed later, in the 1990s too, when relations between Moscow Patriarchate and the Russian Church Abroad were particularly difficult.
Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, Moscow Patriarchate, Serbian Orthodox Church, Local Council of 1971, “Serbian Free Orthodox Church”, metropolitan Filaret (Voznesensky), metropolitan Nikodim (Rotov), bishop Dionysius (Milivojevich)
- Kassia, nun (T. Senina) (ed.) (2007) Stolp ognennyi. Mitropolit N’iu-Iorkskii i Vostochno- Amerikanskii Filaret (Voznesenskii) i Russkaia Zarubezhnaia Tserkov’ (1964–1985) [The Pillar of Fire. Metropolitan of New York and West America Filaret and Russian Church Abroad (1964‒1985]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
- Kosik V. (2000) Russkaia Tserkov’ v Yugoslavii (20–40-e gg. XX veka) [Russian Church in Yugoslavia (1920s — 1940s). Moscow (in Russian).
- Kosik V. (2012) Khorvatskaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ (ot organizatsii do likvidatsii) (1942– 1945). Vzgliad iz ХХI veka [Croatian Orthodox Church (from establishment to dissolution) (1942‒1945)]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Kostryukov A. (2007) Russkaia Zarubezhnaia Tserkov’ v pervoi polovine 1920kh godov. Organizatsiia tserkovnogo upravleniia v emigratsii i ego otnosheniia s Moskovskoi Patriarkhiei pri zhizni Patriarkha Tikhona [Russian Orthodox Church in the First Half of the 1920s. Organisation of Church Administration in Emigration and its Relations with Moscow Patriarchate during Time of Patriarch Tikhon]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Kostryukov A. (2011) Russkaia Zarubezhnaia Tserkov’ v 1925–1938 gg. Iurisdiktsionnye konfl ikty i otnosheniia s moskovskoi tserkovnoi vlast’iu [Russian Church Abroad in 1925‒1938. Jurisdiction Conflicts and Relations with Moscow Church Authorities]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Kostryukov A. (2018) Russkaia Zarubezhnaia Tserkov’ v 1939–1964 gg. Administrativnoe ustroistvo i otnosheniya s Tserkov’iu v Otechestve [Russian Church Abroad in 1939‒1964. Administrative Structure and Relations with the Church in the Homeland]. Moscow (in Russian).
- Psarev A. (2012) Razvitie mirovozzreniia Russkoi Zarubezhnoi Tserkvi v otnoshenii Pomestnykh Tserkvei i inoslaviia [Development of Worldview of Russian Church Abroad as to Local Churches and Heterodoxy], in Deyaniia IV Vsezarubezhnogo Sobora Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi Zagranitsei [Acts of the 4th General Council of Russian Orthodox CHurch Abroad]. Moscow, pp. 180–205 (in Russian).
- Shkarovskii M. (2009) Istoriia russkoi tserkovnoi emigratsii [History of Russian Church Emigration]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
- Shkarovskii M. (2019) Pravoslavnye Tserkvi Iugo-Vostochnoi Evropy mezhdu dvumia mirovymi voinami [Orthodox Churches of South-Eastern Europe between Two Waorld Wars]. Moscow (in Russian).
Information about the author
Kostryukov Andrey Academic Degree:
Doctor of Sciences*
in History; Academic Degree:
Candidate of Sciences*
in Theology; Place of work:
St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov Pereulok, office 219, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation; Post:
Leading Research Fellow, Research Centre for Contemporary History of Russian Orthodox Church; Associate Professor, Department of General and Russian Church History and Canon Law; ORCID: 0000-0003-4334-1035
*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.