Kostina Tat'iana

Ranks of Students in St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1725-1732): Questioning Status and Corpus

Kostina Tat'iana (2016) "Ranks of Students in St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1725-1732): Questioning Status and Corpus ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2016, vol. 68, pp. 32-44 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201668.32-44


The article studies the practical implications of the homonymity of the term «student» introduced in «the Project of [the Provisions on the Establishment of the Academy of Sciences and Arts]» (1724). The article for the first time distinguishes two diff erent groups existing within the period of 1725–1732 in the Academy and referred to as «students» in documents: audience of the lectures at the Academic University and junior staff of the Academy of Sciences. From published and archival sources it is possible to reveal the main body of 50 (university) ‘students’, given the criteria by which within the period in question this group was distinguished. Аnalyzing the salary tables of the Academy within the period of 1724–1734, the staff structure of the Academy for 1730 and the project of the staff for 1731, it is possible to suggest that only 15 people had been called (research assistant) ‘students’ before 1729, when that practice was discontinued. Students appear in the staff of the Academy again in 1735, but in a changed status. Thus, it is clear that in the first years of the Academy the students (audience of professorial lectures) were more than the circle of the Academy junior staff (called ‘students’). However, part of the Academy staff raised their level of education at the University, auditioning the professor’s lectures, which corresponded with articles of the «Project...». Appendices to the article include: 1) list of the students having attended the university courses at the Academy of Sciences within the period of 1725–1732; 2) list of the employees of the Academy of Sciences called students while receiving their salaries within the period of 1724–1729.


The Academy of Sciences, university, education, Russia, the 18th century, students, adjuncts, history of concepts.


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Kostina Tat'iana