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Starikova Elena

The famine of 1921-1922 and the confiscation of church property (on materials of the Mari region)


Starikova Elena (2015) "The famine of 1921-1922 and the confiscation of church property (on materials of the Mari region) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2015, vol. 63, pp. 53-64 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII201563.53-64

Abstract

Famine 1921–1922 led to the death of thousands of people. The Soviet government used this fact against the Russian Orthodox Church. On the basis of regional sources revealed the true extent of hunger in the Mari region. This event was the reason for the start of the campaign in favor of the confi scation of church property. The study described in detail the main stages of preparation, organization and implementation of this process in the Mari region. The author describes the formation and work of the regional committee for the implementation of the decree of the Central Executive Committee February 23, 1922. The author also describes the procedures canton commissions in individual parishes. The author gives a detailed description of the order of confiscation of church property in the May-June 1922. The study shows the character and content of the documents that were provided to local authorities, describes the procedure of removal of property in the parish, partially installed subsequent fate of the seized property. According to the materials of parishes revealed damage that was done separately taken the community of believers. Statistical data on the withdrawal values in the Mari region are shown in comparison with the general Soviet figures. Analyzing the response of believers to the current policy, the author comes to the conclusion that this campaign has not got wide publicity and generally calm was greeted population of the province. Such a reaction is understandable by severe plight of the population in conditions of famine of the early 1920s. Results of the study allowed the author to explain the circumstances of the campaign. It is rated as blasphemous method of helping the starving population at the expense of inalienable property of the Russian Orthodox Church

Keywords

church property, Soviet power, famine of 1921–1922, decrees of the Soviet government, church-state relations, Mari Autonomous Region, cantons, famine relief, temples, Krasnokokshaysk

References


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Information about the author

Starikova Elena