The article is devoted to analysis of Church politics of Bishop Iacov (Maskaev) at the Orenburg cathedra in 1923–1925. It is shown that before his consecration, Iacov Maskaev supported the dual tactics of the Orenburg Bishop Aristarch (Nickolaevsky), which recognized the schismatic Supreme Ecclesiastical Administration, but opposed the activities of the renovationist authorized representative on imposition of a schism. In this regard, the consecration of Iacov (Maskaev) to the Orsk vicar cathedra in March 1923 was considered as an important step in strengthening of Episcopal authority in the Orenburg diocese in contrast to the tactics of schismatics. However, the question about validity of his consecration, performed by renovationist bishops, was fi nally resolved only in October 1923, when Patriarch Tikhon recognized Iacov as the Bishop of Orsk and appointed him a temporary administrator of the Orenburg diocese. At the same time, under the pressure of the OGPU Bishop Iacov gave a covert subscription about submission to the renovationist «synod» and received its decree, dated November 1923, on the appointment the ruling Orenburg Bishop. This decree was not announced in the diocese. Thus, Bishop Iacov became «the secret schismatic», although went on to declare himself the Orthodox hierarch. In the autumn of 1923 Bishop Iacov issued a declaration outlining his new, “Semi-Renovationist” Church platform, including distancing from the “counterrevolutionary” politics of Patriarch Tikhon, administrative ubordination to the Renovationist “synod” when saving the canonical obedience to the Patriarch, Church reforms, consolidation with schismatics. The result of politics of Bishop Iacov (Maskaev) became the legalization of the Orenburg Diocesan administration in December 1923. The period of “Secret Renovationism” of Bishop Iacov was completed in January 1925, when he was banned from serving, dismissed from the Department and
repressed for the rejection an open transition into schism. The analysis of the activity of Bishop Iacov has allowed to conclude that the main purpose of his Church policy, very controversial in the canonical respect, was the
legalization of diocesan administration while maintaining the canonical and covert administrative ties with Patriarch Tikhon. The “Declaration” of Bishop Iacov (Maskaev) opened a period in Church history, related with “Semi-Renovationist” policy of many bishops who tried to settle the legal status of the dioceses through serious compromises with the civil authorities. This period was over in 1927 with the wellknown “Declaration” of Metropolitan Sergey (Stragorodsky) on behalf of the entire Russian Church.
Renovationist schism, the problem of the Russian Orthodox Church legalization in the Soviet state in 1920s, «Semi-Renovationism», «Secret Renovationism», «Semi-Renovationist» church platforms, the Diocese of Orenburg, the Orsk vicariate, Bishop Aristarch
1. Gubonin M. E. (ed.). Akty Svjatejshego Patriarha Tihona i pozdnejshie dokumenty o preemstve vysshej cerkovnoj vlasti. 1917–1943 (Acts of Holy Patriarch Tikhon and Later Documents about Succession of High Church Power. 1917–1943), Moscow, 1994.
2. Arhivy Kremlja. Politbjuro i Cerkov': 1922–1925 gg. (Archives of Kremlin. Politburo and Church: 1922–1925), Novosibirsk, Moscow, 1998, vol. 2.
3. Damaskin (Orlovskij), igumen, Nikitin D. N. 2009 “Iakov (Maskaev), svjashhennomuchenik, arhiepiskop Barnaul'skij” (Iakov (Maskaev), Martyr, Archbishop of Barnaul), in Pravoslavnaja jenciklopedija, Moscow, 2009, vol. 20, pp. 480–481.
4. Zhertvy politicheskogo terrora v SSSR (Victims of Political Terror in USSR), Moscow, 2007, in http://lists.memo.ru.
5. Zimina N. P. 2007 “Stojanie v vere: vremennaja avtokefalija Ufimskoj pravoslavnoj eparhii v period zakljuchenija Svjatejshego Patriarha Tihona (nojabr' 1922 g. — avgust 1923 g.)” (Standing in Faith: Temporary Autocephaly of Ufimskaja Diocese in Time of Detention of Holy Patriarch Tikhon (November 1922 — August 1923)), in Vestnik PSTGU. II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2007, vol. 3/24, pp. 79–117.
6. Zimina N. P. 2010 “Ioann (Pojarkov), arhiepiskop Ufimskij i Davlekanovskij” (Ioann (Pojarkov), Archbishop of Ufa and Davlekanovo), in Pravoslavnaja jenciklopedija, vol. 23, Moscow, 2010, pp. 435–438.
7. Zimina N. P. 2012 “K voprosu o roli episkopa Andreja (Uhtomskogo) v bor'be s obnovlencheskim raskolom v Novgorodskoj eparhii v 1923 g.” (To Question of Role of Bishop Andrej (Ukhtomskij) in Struggle against Obnovlencheskij Schism in Novgorodskaja Diocese in 1923), in Gosudarstvo, obshhestvo, Cerkov' v istorii Rossii XX veka: Materialy XI Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. Ivanovo, 15–16 fevr. 2012 g., Ivanovo, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 48–55.
8. Zimina N. P. 2012 “K voprosu o poluobnovlenchestve kak javlenii v Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi v period zakljuchenija Svjatejshego Patriarha Tihona (1922–1923 gg.)” (To Question about Poluobnovlenchestvo as a Phenomenon in Russian Orthodox Church in Time of Detention of Holy Patriarch Tikhon (1922–1923)), in Materialy XXII ezhegodnoj bogoslovskoj konferencii PSTGU, Moscow, 2012, pp. 173–185.
9. Zimina N. P. 2013 “Poluobnovlenchestvo v Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi v seredine 1920-h gg.: k voprosu ob ocenke cerkovnoj politiki episkopa Elabuzhskogo Irineja (Shul'mina) i episkopa Sarapul'skogo Aleksija (Kuznecova)” (Poluobnovlenchestvo in Russian Orthodox Church in Middle of 1920-s Years: to Question about Valuation of Church Politics of the Bishop of Elabuga Irinej (Shul’min) and Bishop of Sarapul Alexij (Kuznecov)), in Vestnik PSTGU. Serija II: Istorija. Istorija Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi, 2013, vol. 3, pp. 17–39.
10. Zimina N. P. 2014 “Istoricheskie portrety. Episkop Aristarh (Nikolaevskij) v kollizijah cerkovnoj istorii 1920–1930-h gg.” (Historical Portraits. Bishop Aristarch (Nikolaevskij) in Collisions of Church History of 1920–1930-s Years) in Stremskoj N., prot (ed). Stranicy istorii Orenburgskoj eparhii, Saraktash, 2014, pp. 234–256.
11. Istorija ierarhii Russkoj Pravoslavnoj Cerkvi. Kommentirovannye spiski ierarhov po episkopskim kafedram s 862 g. (s prilozhenijami) (History of Hierarchy of Russian Orthodox Church. Commented Lists of Hierarchs according to Bishop Chairs from 862 (with Appendixes)), Moscow, 2006.
12. Manuil (Lemeshevskij), mitr. Russkie pravoslavnye ierarhi perioda s 1893 po 1965 g. (vkljuchitel'no) (Russian Orthodox Hierarchs of the Time from 1893 till 1965 (Inclusive)), vol. 3.
13. Materialy po istorii russkoj ierarhii: Stat'i i dokumenty (Materials for History of Russian Hierarchy: Articles and Documents), Moscow, 2002.
14. Nikitin I. V. 2014 “Orenburgskaja eparhija v 1922–1938 gg.” (Diocese of Orenburg in 1922–1938), in Stremskoj N., prot (ed). Stranicy istorii Orenburgskoj eparhii, Saraktash, 2014, pp. 186–233.
15. Osipova I. I., sost. 1999 “Novye materialy o presledovanijah za veru v Sovetskoj Rossii” (New Materials about Persecutions for Faith in Soviet Russia), in Cerkovno-istoricheskij vestnik, 1999, vol. 2/3, pp. 4–198.
16. Cypin V., prot. Istorija Russkoj Cerkvi, 1917–1997 (History of the Russian Church, 1917–1997), Moscow, 1997, vol. 9.
17. Shkarovskij M. V. Peterburgskaja eparhija v gody gonenij i utrat, 1917–1995 (Petersburg Diocese in Time of Persecutions and Losses, 1917–1995), Saint-Petersburg, 1995.