Recently historian has been paid close attention to the diﬀerent university institutions. Seminar is one of them. The main purposes of article is to reconstruct the history of the origin of this kind of practice, to determine the value of this Institute in the formation of the curriculum those or other scientiﬁc disciplines in the University’s and to explain role in communication and “schoolmaking” practice of the various communities of scientists. Comprehensively analyzing the sources for the study of the seminars: the reports of the persons sent for a scientiﬁc purpose abroad, status reports, some oﬃ cial informations of Moscow univercity, memoirs and correspondence, the author comes to the conclusion that the seminars as a type of University institutions appeared at the Moscow University in the mid-1860-ies. The development of this institution in the University continued to 1884. According to the Charter of 1884 seminars are a mandatory form of institutions for historical education. Seminar become a mass, their content is washed out. At the same time Professor of Moscow University Gerier and P. G. Vinogradov tend to keep the research reputation of this institution and, in fact, are at the origin of the transfer of the seminar in a private space in organizing home workshop, original prototype by a team of researchers, seminar became a place for study. The crisis seminars in Moscow falls on the turn of the century. Gerier was not able to transfer accumulated in the framework of the seminar research practices in the Historical society at the Moscow University, and Vinogradov in 1901 leaves the University, enduring traditions of the Moscow seminar in the Anglo-Saxon world universities.
seminar, the community of historians, scientiﬁc school, V. I. Gerier, P. G. Vinogradov, Moscow University.
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