The article is devoted to the metropolitan Kiev and All Russia Cyril II and his efforts to revive the church life in Russia during the period, followed after the Mongolian invasion — 1240–1280. Metropolitan Cyril was the native of the West Russian earths. About 1242.1243 the prince of Galitsk and Volynsk Daniel Romanovichem put forward him to the metropolitan cathedra. In spite of the fact that metropolitan Cyril became the Head of the Russian Church owing to Daniel Romanovich’s active support, he spent most of his time in the Vladimiro-Suzdal Russia. Further the metropolitan gave a big support to St. Alexander Nevskiy, the Great duke of Vladimir. The relations between Cyril II and Daniel Galitskiy, on the contrary, began to go down. Daniel was guided by the Latin West and expected the support of the Pope and European monarchs, but St. Alexander was careful not to have the aggression of western crusaders, and preferred the Horde, because in that case Russians got the chance to keep their statehood and Orthodoxy. The author investigates the reasons for which Russian metropolitans, since Cyril II, ceased actually to live in the cathedral city, Kiev, and begun more and more to gravitate to the Vladimir city. The author describes the trips of metropolitan Cyril, which was directed on the organization of the church life in ruined dioceses of the Russian Church, and studies the circumstances of basing new Tver’s and Sarajsk’s dioceses. The article covers also the Church Cathedral that was prepared by metropolitan Cyril in Vladimir in 1273–1274 and the relations between the Russian Church and Golden Horde’s khans.
the Russian Church, Early Russia, the Horde, the Metropolitan of Kiev and All Russia, the Mongolian invasion, the Galitsk-Volynsk princedom, the Great Vladimir princedom, metropolitan Cyril
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