St. Tikhon’s University Review . Series II: History. Russian Church History

St. Tikhon’s University Review II :107


Izotova Olga

Pastorship in Byzantium in the letters of St. Theodore the Studite (late 8th — early 9th centuries)

Izotova Olga (2022) "Pastorship in Byzantium in the letters of St. Theodore the Studite (late 8th — early 9th centuries) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 11-24 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.11-24
The article examines various aspects of shepherdship mentioned by St. Theodore the Studite in the collection of his letters. The collection contains letters sent to patriarchs, bishops, abbots and abbesses, as well as their flocks. There are few letters to priests and they do not touch on pastoral topics, in contrast to the epistles to the bishops that multiplied after 815. Among them, it is necessary to mention the letter 11 to bishop Anastasius, as a text completely devoted to the episcopal ministry. In total, there are more than fifty letters to the bishops, and a little less than eighty to the heads of the monasteries. The correspondence of St. Theodore with Mother Superior Euphrosyne is especially interesting. Descripting the episcopal ministry, St. Theodore makes extensive use of the teachings of St. Gregory the Theologian, and when talking about pastoral qualities works of St. Maximus the Confessor. Despite not the fact that St. Theodore often uses the word "pastor" simply to designate a ruler, bishop or abbot, it is not just a designation of the holy dignity for him, but the title of shepherd can be received by one owing to his deeds. The basis of shepherding, from the point of view of St. Theodore, there must be a realization in oneself of the image of Christ, the image of a virtuous life, approaching God, the realization of the pastoral logos in the right way, the acquisition of a disposition towards spiritual life. A shepherd who does this is capable of being a legislator for his disciples, capable of raising their souls to God. An important aspect of pastoral ministry for St. Theodora - accepting this service as obedience and service of love.
Theodore the Studite, epistolography, letter, bishop, hegumen, abbess, shepherd, flock, logos, tropos
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Izotova Olga

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 23B Novokuznetskaya Str., Moscow 115184, Russian Federation;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0953-5752;
Email: matroskin2@list.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Kirillov Victor

Elements of the ideology of the Sixtiers — members of the Russian revolutionary community of the 1860s

Kirillov Victor (2022) "Elements of the ideology of the Sixtiers — members of the Russian revolutionary community of the 1860s ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 25-47 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.25-47
The article analyzes the ideology of the Sixties – members of the Russian revolutionary community of the late 1850s – 1860s. A revolutionary community means a set of ideologically close personalities and associations with revolutionary views; it makes possible to examine members of the revolutionary underground and people sympathizing with revolutionary views as one community. Due to the fact that definitions of the Sixties as revolutionary democrats, Narodniks, nihilists, etc. are common in historiography, the article proposes to look at their ideology as a non-hierarchical, eclectic combination of different views, concepts and ideas, among which there were no main ideas. The author of the article identifies six main elements of the ideology of the Sixties: the denial of the old regime (which presupposed anti-conservative views, as well as the prevalence of the nihilism subculture), socialist orientation (from the strict theory of “Russian socialism” to abstract sympathies for the very idea of socialism), “craving for the people” (which foreshadowed the ideology of revolutionary Narodnichestvo of the 1870s), democratic ideals (which mainly assumed egalitarianism, the idea of equality of all members of society, which resulted in interest and support for the women’s movement, the creation of communes for living together and everyday life), enlightenment (expressed in the cult of science and knowledge, educational work among the intelligentsia), faith in the proximity of the revolution (a specific feature of the Sixties, which manifested itself in anticipation of an imminent mass popular uprising). The research is based on a complex of various sources (memoirs, journalism, investigative testimony), according to which it is possible to identify the views of both well-known publicists of democratic magazines and the emigrant press, as well as members of underground revolutionary circles.
Russian revolutionary movement, Narodnichestvo, the Sixties, nihilism, socialism, women’s movement, enlightenment
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Kirillov Victor

Place of work: State Historical Museum;
Post: methodologist;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4960-4692;
Email: me@kirillov-msu.ru.
Gruniushkina Daria

Russian (Pseudo-) Ambrosiana in translation traditions of the Synodical period

Gruniushkina Daria (2022) "Russian (Pseudo-) Ambrosiana in translation traditions of the Synodical period ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 48-63 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.48-63
The article studies the history of works signed by the name of St. Ambrose of Milan which was translated into Church Slavonic and Russian. The tradition of translations of the Bishop of Mediolanum is very young and heterogeneous. The first translations have been appeared sporadically only in the second half of the 18th century, and they were not systematic. The chronological framework of the article is due to the fact that the main body of the theological, homiletic and moral-ascetic heritage of the St. Ambrose was translated and published precisely in the Synodal period. Later, some early translations have been reprinted again and again or taken as a basis for adapting texts into modern language. Thanks to the educational activities of the St. Petersburg and the Kiev Theological Academies, which began to translate regularly and print the texts of the Holy Fathers, the number of publications from the authentic texts of the saint, as well as The pseudo-Ambrose's “Words”, increased noticeably. Many translations were published in the journals “Christian Reading”, “Sunday Reading”, “A Guide for Rural Shepherds”, which contributed to the spread of the patristic heritage outside the walls of religious educational institutions. In the article we reconstruct, if possible, the names of the translators and establish the source of original Latin texts, due to misattribution of many writings published under the name of St. Ambrose. The results are expected to contribute to clarify and to supply bibliographic lists, as well as to prepare a complete annotated catalog of editions of St. Ambrose of Milan in Russian and Church Slavonic.
St. Ambrose of Milan, Pseudo-Ambrose, Maximus of Turin, Russian translations of Latin patristic writings, translations projects of Theological Academies, archpriest Ioann Kharlamov
  1. Anonym (2015) “Podgurskii David Aleksandrovich”, in Biograficheskii slovar’ vypusknikov Kievskoi dukhovnoi akademii 1819–1920-e gg. [Biographic dictionary of graduates of Kiev Theological Academy, 1819–1920]. Kiev, vol. 2, pp. 533–534 (in Russian).
  2. Golovnina N. (2016) “Rossiiskaia psevdo-Avgustiniana v kontekste perevodcheskoi deiatel′nosti XVIII veka” [Russian Pseudo-Augustiana in the context of translations of the 18th century]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2016, vol. 5 (72), pp. 58–74 (in Russian).
  3. Kalugin V. (2002) “õKniga sviatogo Avgustina″ v russkoi pis′mennosti XVI–XIX vv.” [The Book of St. Augustine in the Russian literature of the 16th — 19th centuries]. In Lingvisticheskoe istochnikovedenie i istoriia russkogo iazyka [Linguistic source criticism and the history of the Russian language]. Moscow, pp. 108–163 (in Russian).
  4. Karpuk D. (2011) “Periodicheskie izdaniia Sankt-Peterburgskoi dukhovnoi akademii (1821– 1917): k 190-letiiu zhurnala õKhristianskoe chtenie″” [Periodicals of St. Petersburg Theological Academy (1821–1917): the 190th anniversary of the journal Christian Reading]. Khristianskoe chtenie, 2011, vol. 6 (41), pp. 41–89 (in Russian).
  5. Tiulenev V. (2016) “Maksim Turinskii: propovednik i ego pastva” [Maximus of Turin: the preacher and his congregation]. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo, 2016, vol. 1, pp. 82–88 (in Russian).

Gruniushkina Daria

Student status: Master's Degree Student;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; Moscow, Russia;
Post: no;
ORCID: https://orcid.org/ 0000-0003-1742-9738;
Email: d.grunyushkina@gmail.com.
Ozmitel Ekaterina

Central Asian pages of the biography of metropolitan Arseny (Stadnitsky): 1924–1936

Ozmitel Ekaterina (2022) "Central Asian pages of the biography of metropolitan Arseny (Stadnitsky): 1924–1936 ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 64-91 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.64-91
The article reconstructs the last period of the life of the outstanding bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Arseny (Stadnitsky). As Metropolitan of Novgorod, he was sent into exile in Central Asia, where he eventually spent 12 years. The data found in the letters of Metropolitan Arseny to the lawyer A.F. Koni and in the writings of Bishop Andrei (Ukhtomsky), for the first time made it possible to determine the dates and places of residence of Metropolitan Arseny in Central Asia: he lived in Krasnovodsk from mid-1924 until the summer of 1925; in Poltoratsk (Ashgabat) – from August 28, 1925 until the spring of 1927, and then in Tashkent.There was a change in the course of church policy pursued by the Deputy Patriarchal Locum Tenens Metropolitan Sergius (Stargorodsky) in 1927. The attitude of Metropolitan Arseny to the new church policy was ambiguous. There are diametrically opposite opinions in the writings of church historians on this subject, therefore, it seemed important to determine the church-political views of Metropolitan Arseny on the basis of analysis of a large body of narrative sources (letters and memoirs). At first, this attitude was sharply negative. He did not break off communication with Metropolitan Sergius, did not criticize him publicly, but he fell into disgrace and was left in exile after its end. In 1933, Metropolitan Arseny, having accepted the appointment to the Turkestan department, returned to episcopal ministry and church administrative activities. He visited Moscow at least three times to participate in the sessions of the Provisional Patriarchal Synod. During this period, Metropolitan Arseny also had a negative attitude towards some actions of the highest church authorities, in particular, measures to exalt Metropolitan Sergius. Metropolitan Arseny did not hide this, but he did not publicly denounce anyone, fearing to strengthen the schism.The article makes a number of assumptions concerning the role played by the figure of Metropolitan Arseny in the question of the succession of the supreme church authority and in the plans of the OGPU, which sought the liquidation of the Russian Church. These hypotheses require further study on the basis of new documentary sources.
Russian Orthodox Church in Central Asia, Turkestan Diocese, history of Orthodoxy in Tashkent, persecution of the Church in the Soviet Union, exiled clergy in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, Declaration of Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky), church opposition
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  14. Vladimir (Ikim, metropolitan) (2018). Po stopam apostola Fomy. Khristianstvo v Tsentral′noi Azii [In the wake of Apostle Thomas. Christianity in Central Asia]. Moscow (in Russian).
  15. Vorob′iev V. (priest), Shchelkachev A. (priest), Mazyrin A. (priest), Khailova O., Kazakov I. (2014) “Avvo moi rodnoi!″: Pis′ma sviashchennomuchenika mitropolita Kirilla (Smirnova) prepodobnomucheniku arkhimandritu Neofi tu (Osipovu) 1933–1934 gg.” [“Abba my dearest!”: Letters of St. Martyr Metropolitan Kirill (Smirnov) to St. Martyr Archmandrite Neofi t (Osipov), 1933–1934]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2014, vol. 2 (57), pp. 117–141 (in Russian).
  16. Vorob′ev V. (priest), Kosik O. (2009) “Slovo Mestobliustitelia: Pis′ma Mestobliustitelia sviashchennomuchenika mitropolita Petra (Polianskogo) k mitropolitu Sergiiu (Stragorodskomu) iz Tobol′skoi ssylki i liudi, posluzhivshie poiavleniiu etikh dokumentov” [The word of the Locum Tenens: Letters of Locum Tenens St. Martyr Metropolitan Petr (Polyansky) to Metropolitan Sergius (Stragorodsky) from exile in Tobolsk, and the people who brought about these documents]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2009, vol. 3 (32), pp. 37–69 (in Russian).

Ozmitel Ekaterina

Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov per., Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Researcher in Research Centre for Modern History of Russian Orthodox Church;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3671-9493;
Email: k_ozmitel@rambler.ru.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.

Shimon Ioann, archpriest

Methods of party and state organs in the closure of Russian orthodox churches in the Crimea in the period of 1948–1961 and attempts to counteract them by archbishop Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky)

Shimon Ioann (2022) "Methods of party and state organs in the closure of Russian orthodox churches in the Crimea in the period of 1948–1961 and attempts to counteract them by archbishop Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 92-109 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.92-109
The article examines the policy of the Soviet government in relation to the Russian Orthodox Church in Crimea, traces the changes in the internal state of the Crimean diocese in the period from 1948 to 1961, analyzes the methods of party and state bodies to close the churches of the Russian Orthodox Church in Crimea and attempts to counter this by Archbishop Luka (V.F. Voino-Yasenetsky). The features of the implementation of the episcopal vocation are revealed on the example of the activities of the head of the diocese.During the years of “scientific atheism”, persecutions were aimed at “re-educating” believers, as well as leveling the significance of religion in the eyes of society. The fight against religion was carried out by the forces of not only the law enforcement system, but also the party and Soviet authorities, management and collectives of enterprises, trade unions, the Komsomol, and public organizations. Various methods have been used to achieve these goals. In the press and on the radio, biased and biased materials about religion and the church, as well as notes concerning specific clergymen, were posted. Priests were harassed, removed from registration, and deprived of the opportunity to preach. Pressure was exerted on the heads of dioceses and clergy, and an active propaganda campaign was conducted. On various far-fetched reasons, religious organizations were liquidated, religious buildings were demolished, and applications for the opening of new ones were rejected by the authorities. One of the methods of pressure on the Russian Orthodox Church was to increase the tax burden on religious organizations. The believers were also prosecuted. Representatives of the Council for the Affairs of the Russian Orthodox Church played a significant role in this process.
Russian Orthodox Church, state, anti-church policy, anti-church methods, Crimean diocese, clergy, Archbishop Luke (Voino-Yasenetsky)
  1. Donenko N. (priest), Filimonov S. (eds) (2004) “Sekretno”: Arkhiepiskop Krymskii Luka (Voino-Iasenetskii) pod nadzorom partiino-sovetskikh organov [“Confi dential”: Archbishop of the Crimea Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky) under surveillance of the party and Soviet services]. Simferopol (in Russian).
  2. Donenko N. (priest), Filimonov S. (eds) (2011) “Razrabotku Luki prodolzhaem...”: Sviatitel’ Luka (Voino-Iasenetskii) i Krymskaia eparkhiia. 1946–1961 [“We go on with the surveillance of Luka...”: St. Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky) and the Crimean diocese. 1946–1961]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Donenko N. (priest), Zamtaradze R., Filimonov S. (eds) (2015) Krymskaia eparkhiia v dokumentakh sviatitelia Luki (Voino-Iasenetskogo) i nadziraiushchikh organov. 1946–1961 gg. [The Crimean diocese in records of St. Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky) and surveillance service. 1946–1961]. Simferopol (in Russian).
  4. Fedotov A. (2005) Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ v 1943–2000 gg.: vnutritserkovnaia zhizn’, vzaimootnosheniia s gosudarstvom i obshchestvom [Russian Orthodox church in 1943–2000: internal life of the church, relations with the state and society]. Ivanovo (in Russian).
  5. Garmash P. (1990) “V Krymu” [In the Crimea], in V. Demidov, V. Kutuzov (eds) Leningradskoe delo [The Leningrad Case]. Leningrad, pp. 241–260 (in Russian).
  6. Katunin Iu. (2004) Vzaimootnosheniia gosudarstva i Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi v Krymu v 1945–1950 gg. [Relationships of the state and the Orthodox church in the Crimea in 1945–1950]. Simferopol (in Russian).
  7. Katunin Iu. (2004) Simferopol′skaia i Krymskaia eparkhiia v 1950–1964 gg. [The diocese of Simferopol and the Crimea in 1950–1964]. Simferopol (in Russian).
  8. Kolymagin B. (2004) Krymskaia ekumena: religioznaia zhizn’ poslevoennogo Kryma [Crimean ecumene: religious life in the post-war Crimea]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Konstantinov D. (priest) (1967) Gonimaia Tserkov’ (Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ v SSSR) [The persecuted church (the Russian Orthodox church in the USSR)]. New York (in Russian).
  10. Kuznechevskii V. (2016) “Leningradskoe delo” [The Leningrad Case]. Moscow (in Russian).
  11. Kuznetsov V., Drobotushenko E. (2013) “Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov′ v Chitinskoi oblasti v 1943–1950 gg.” [Russian Orthodox church in Chita region in 1943–1950]. Gumanitarnyi vektor, 2013, № 3 (35), pp. 90–98 (in Russian).
  12. Marchenko A. (priest) (2010) Religioznaia politika sovetskogo gosudarstva v gody pravleniia N. S. Khrushcheva i ee vliianie na tserkovnuiu zhizn’ v SSSR [Religious policy of the Soviet state in N. S. Khrushchev’s time and its infl uence on church life in the USSR]. Moscow (in Russian).
  13. Marchenko A (priest) (2011) Episkopy Permskoi eparkhii epokhi «khrushchevskikh gonenii» na Russkuiu Pravoslavnuiu Tserkov’ (1958–1964 gg.): ocherki tserkovno-gosudarstvennykh otnoshenii [Bishops of the diocese of Perm in the period of “Khrushchev’s persecution” on the Russian Orthodox church (1958–1964): essays in church-state relations]. Perm (in Russian).
  14. Marushchak V. (2008) Zhitie sviatogo ispovednika, arkhiepiskopa Simferopol’skogo i Krymskogo Luki (Voino-Iasenetskogo) [The Life of Luka (Voino-Yasenetsky), the saint confessor, archbishop of Simferopol and the Crimea]. Simferopol (in Russian).
  15. Shtrikker G. (ed.) (1995) Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov’ v sovetskoe vremia: Materialy i dokumenty po istorii otnoshenii mezhdu gosudarstvom i Tserkov’iu [Russian Orthodox church in the Soviet time. Materials and records on the history of relations between the state and the church]. Moscow (in Russian).
  16. Shkarovskii M. (2005) Russkaia Pravoslavnaia Tserkov′ pri Staline i Khrushcheve [Russian Orthodox church in Stalin’s and Khrushchev’s times]. Moscow (in Russian).
  17. Shubkin V. (2012) “Evoliutsiia gosudarstvenno-tserkovnykh otnoshenii na territorii Orenburgskoi (Chkalovskoi) eparkhii v 1943–1958 gg.” [Evolution of state-church relations in the territory of Orenburg (Chkalov) diocese in 1943–1958]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2012, vol. 2 (45), pp. 44–55 (in Russian).
  18. Shubkin V. (2013) “Orenburgskaia eparkhiia v period khrushchevskikh gonenii (1958–1964)” [Orenburg diocese in the period of Khrushchev’s persecution (1958–1964)]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2013, vol. 2 (51), pp. 69–86 (in Russian).

Shimon Ioann, archpriest

Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of study: Church of the Martyr Benjamin, Metropolitan of Petrograd and Gdovsk in Simferopol;
ORCID: 0000-0002-3503-5786;
Email: prot.i.shimon@mail.ru.


Rodionov Oleg

Athonite greek life of st. Anthony of kiev

Rodionov Oleg (2022) "Athonite greek life of st. Anthony of kiev ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 113-133 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.113-133
The article introduces into scholarly circulation the Greek text of the handwritten Life of Anthony of the Caves, which has recently come to the attention of researchers and is preserved in the archives of Athos hardly available until recently. For the first time, a critical edition of the Greek text of the Life is being published, the translation of which was carried out recently and published in the 2018 Kapterevskie Chteniya paper collection. We consider six known copies of a newly discovered monument of Greek Athos literature – the approximately thousand-page “Athoniad” by Jacob Neasketiotes, through which the Life has come down to us. The appendix to the article contains the first critical edition of the Greek text of the Life. The article also discusses the obvious sources of the Greek text, from the Tale of Bygone Years and the Kiev Caves Patericon to the Greek hagiographic collections of the 18th and the 19th centuries. Another interesting question is the connection of the work of the Athonite monk, author and copyist Jacob Neasketiotes with Russian matter, which could be explained by his stay while working on the “Athoniad” in the Russian monastery of St. Panteleimon on Athos and communication with the confessor of the Rossikon Fr. Jerome (Solomentsov). This also explains the presence of several codices with the Lives of Theodosius of the Caves, Mitrofan of Voronezh, and other texts related to Russia in the collection of manuscripts of St. Panteleimon Monastery. The original versions of the “Athoniad”, apparently, strongly depended on the historiographical works of another famous Athonite erudite, Theodoretos Lauriotes, who was a relative of Jacob Neasketiotes.
Lives of the Saints, St. Anthony of the Caves, Jacob Neasketiotes, “Athoniad”, greek copies, Athos, manuscript tradition
  1. Artamonov Iu. (2014) “Antonii Pecherskii” [Anthony of Kiev], in Drevniaia Rus′ v srednevekovom mire [Ancient Rus′ in the mediaeval world]. Moscow, pp. 31–32 (in Russian).
  2. Artamonov Iu. (2003) “Zhizn’ i podvigi prp. Antoniia Pecherskogo: fakty i vymysly” [Life and deeds of St. Anthony of Kiev: facts and fiction], in Ot Drevnei Rusi k Rossii Novogo vremeni [From Ancient Rus′ to New-Time Russia]. Moscow, pp. 379–395 (in Russian).
  3. Bibikov M. (2016) “Afonskaia istoriografi cheskaia traditsiia o nachale russkogo monashestva: “Afoniada” (1848–1865) Iakova Neaskitiota” [Athonite historiographic tradition of the beginning of Russian monkhood], in Kapterevskie chteniia: sbornik statei [Kapterevskie readings: collection of articles]. Vol. 14: Afon v istorii i kul’ture Khristianskogo Vostoka i Rossii [Athos in the history and culture of Christian East and Russia]. Moscow, pp. 146–168 (in Russian).
  4. Bibikov M. (2018) “Zhitie Antoniia Pecherskogo v grecheskoi traditsii” [The Life of Anthony of Kiev in the Greek tradition], in N. Chesnokova (ed.) Kapterevskie chteniia: sbornik statei [Kapterevskie readings: collection of articles]. Vol. 16, Moscow, pp. 11–34 (in Russian).
  5. Bibikov M. (2019) “Neizvestnoe grecheskoe zhitie Feodosiia Pecherskogo v afonskoi rukopisi Iakova Neaskitiota” [Unknown Greek Life of Theodosius of Kiev in the Athonite MS. by Jacob Neaskitiot], in N. Chesnokova (ed.) Kapterevskie chteniia: sbornik statei [Kapterevskie readings: collection of articles]. Vol. 17, Moscow, pp. 7–27 (in Russian).
  6. Bibikov M. (2019) “õSlavianskii sbornik″ v grecheskoi afonskoi knizhnosti” [“Slavonic collection” in the Greek Athonite booklore]. Istoriia, 2019, vol. 10/3 (77) (in Russian; available at https://history.jes.su/s207987840004683-0-1/, accessed 22.06.2022).
  7. Bibikov M. (2021) “K rekonstruktsii russkogo prototipa grecheskogo Zhitiia Mitrofana Voronezhskogo” [Towards the reconstruction of the prototype of the Greek Life of Mitrofan of Voronexh]. Istoriia. 2021, vol. 12/5 (103) (in Russian; available at https://history.jes.su/s207987840015638-0-1/, accessed 22.06.2022).
  8. Bibikov M., Rodionov O. (2021) “Grecheskii afonskii tekst Zhitiia Mitrofana Voronezhskogo” [Greek Athonite text of the Life of Mitrofa of Voronezh], in N. Chesnokova (ed.) Kapterevskie chteniia: sbornik statei [Kapterevskie readings: collection of articles]. Vol. 19, Moscow, pp. 153–185 (in Russian).
  9. Bibikov M., Rodionov O., Chesnokova N. (2015) Vizantiiskie traditsii i slavianskie teksty postvizantiiskogo perioda [Byzantine traditions and Slavonic texts of the post-Byzantine period]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Kavskokalivitis P. (monk) (2012) O monakhos Iakovos Neaskitiotis ke to imnagialogiko tu ergo yia ti Theotoko ke tus agiorites osiomartires. Didaktoriki diatrivi. Thessaloniki (in Greek).
  11. Kontouma V. (2013–2014) “Un hésychaste au XIXe siècle Jacque de Néa Skète et sa Confession orthodoxe (1834)”. Annuaire de l’Ecole pratique des hautes études, Sect. Des sciences rélig, 2015, vol. 122 (2013–2014), pp. 288–298.
  12. Lamberz E. (2006) Katalog der griechischen Handschriften des Athoskloster Vatopedi, I. Thessaloniki.
  13. Nazarenko A., Turilov A. (2001) “Antonii” [Anthony], in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopaedia], vol. 2, Moscow, pp. 602–603 (in Russian).
  14. Petr (Pigol′, hegumen) (2009) “Ieronim (Solomentsov)”, in Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia [Orthodox encyclopaedia], vol. 21, Moscow, pp. 319–323 (in Russian).

Rodionov Oleg

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Senior Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-9442-9937;
Email: orodionov@mail.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.

Ivanov Sergei, priest

“Top secret. Keep in secret”. Minutes of the previously unknown commission of l. D. Trotsky for the schism of the Russian Orthodox Church (may — october 1922)

Ivanov Sergei (2022) "“Top secret. Keep in secret”. Minutes of the previously unknown commission of l. D. Trotsky for the schism of the Russian Orthodox Church (may — october 1922) ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 134-166 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022107.134-166
This publication introduces into scientific circulation a new archival source on the history of the renovationist schism in the Russian Orthodox Church — the protocols of the meetings of the commission of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) "On values" under the leadership of a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) and the Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of the Republic L.D. Trotsky. The documents were identified among the protocols of other commissions in the affairs of the Revolutionary Military Council, stored in the Russian State Military Archive. The decisions of the "On Values" Commission make it possible to reasonably judge the leading role of L.D. Trotsky in the preparation and conduct of a large church schism, including the consolidation of clergy loyal to Soviet power, sending him to provocative negotiations with Patriarch Tikhon, the issue of an opposition magazine, the organization of trials against Christians, the convening of an renovationist "local council", agitation support for schismatics, etc. The activities of the commission were conspiratorial in nature and still remained unknown to historical science. Meanwhile, it was this camouflaged structure that preceded the succession of it in October 1922 and the well-studied Commission of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) on the separation of the church from the state. The texts offered to readers confirm and detail the fact of the well-managed control of secret work on the decomposition of the Russian Church by the Politburo of the Central Committee of the RCP (b), that is, its criminal attitude to Soviet law in the policy of planting atheism among the people of Russia.
Trotsky Commission, Patriarch Tikhon, The Russian Orthodox Church, confiscation of church property, Renovation schism, repression, 1922
  1. Ivanov S. (2014) “Khronologiia obnovlencheskogo õperevorota″ v Russkoi Tserkvi po novym arkhivnym dokumentam” [Chronology of the renovationist “coup” in the Russian church based on new archival records]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 2014, vol 3 (58), pp. 24–60 (in Russian).
  2. Krapivin M. (2016) “Glavmuzei i komissiia L.D. Trotskogo õpo uchetu i sosredotocheniiu tsennostei″ (noiabr′ 1921 g. — oktiabr′ 1922 g.) [Glavmuzei and L. D. Trotsky’s commission for the “inventory and accumulation of valuables”]. Voprosy muzeologii, 2016, vol. 1 (13), pp. 11–33 (in Russian).
  3. Levitin-Krasnov A., Shavrov V. (1996) Ocherki po istorii russkoi tserkovnoi smuty [Essays in the Russian church schism]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Lobanov V. (ed.) (2014) Protokoly Komissii po provedeniiu otdeleniia Tserkvi ot gosudarstva pri TsK RKP(b) — VKP(b) (Antireligioznoi komissii). 1922–1929 gg. [Minutes of the Commission for the separation of the church from the state at the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Anti-Religious Commission)]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Nikitin V. (2006) Na krugi svoia. Istoriia prikhoda evangelistsko-liuteranskoi tserkvi Khrista Spasitelia g. Nikolaeva [Back to roots. History of the parish of Evangelist Lutheran church of Christ the Redeemer in Nikolaev]. Nikolaev (in Russian).
  6. Petrov S. (2004) Dokumenty deloproizvodstva Politbiuro TsK RKP(b) kak istochnik po istorii Russkoi tserkvi (1921–1925 gg.) [Records of the Politbureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party as a source on the history of Russian church (1921–1925)]. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Pokrovskii N., Petrov S. (eds) (1997–1998) Arkhivy Kremlia: Politbiuro i Tserkov′. 1922–1925 gg., in 2 vols [Archives of the Kremlin: Politbureau and the church. 1922–1925]. Novosibirsk; Moscow (in Russian).
  8. Rupasov A., Skurlov V., Faberzhe T., Bernev S. (eds) (2012) “Agafon Faberzhe v Krasnom Petrograde” [Agafon Faberzhe in the Red Petrograd]. St, Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Sledstvennoe delo Patriarkha Tikhona: sbornik dokumentov po materialam Tsentral′nogo arkhiva FSB RF (2000) [Investigative case of Patriarch Tikhon: collection of documents from the Central Archive of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation]. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Sorokin A. (ed.) (2018) Konfessional′naia politika sovetskogo gosudarstva. 1917–1991 gg.: Dokumenty i materialy [Confessional policy of the Soviet state. 1917–1991: records and materials], in 6 vols. Vol. 1: 1917–1924 gg. [The years 1917–1924], in 4 books. Book 1: Odintsov M., Artamonova Zh., Volkhonskaia N., Kochetova A., Lukashin A., Subbota E. (eds) Tsentral′nye rukovodiashchie organy RKP(b): ideologiia veroispovedal′noi politiki i praktika antireligioznoi propagandy [Central managing authorities of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union: ideology of confessional policy and practice of anti-religious propaganda]. Moscow (in Russian).
  11. Tutova T. (2015) Sud′ba dvortsovykh tsennostei Rossiiskogo imperatorskogo doma: zhurnaly raboty Komissii 1922 goda v Moskovskom Kremle [The fate of the palace valuables of the Russian Imperial Family: journals of the work of the Commission of 1922 in the Kremlin of Moscow], in 2 pts. Pt. 1: Teksty [Texts]. Moscow (in Russian).

Ivanov Sergei, priest

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities, 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation; Researcher of the Department of the Modern History of the Russian Orthodox Church;
Post: Research Associate;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8654-1542;
Email: d.o.c.s@yandex.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.


Макарова Анна

The parish as a mirror of intra-church divisions — Rev. of Беглов А. Л. Православный приход на закате Российской империи: состояние, дискуссии, реформы. Серия: Церковные реформы: Дискуссии в Православной Российской Церкви начала XX века. Поместный Собор 1917–1918 гг. и предсоборный период. М.: Индрик, 2021. 1048 с.

Макарова Анна (2022) "The parish as a mirror of intra-church divisions". Rev. of Beglov A. L. Pravoslavniy prihod na zakate Rossiyskoy imperii: sostoianie, diskussii, reformi. Seriia: Tserkovnie reformi: Diskussii v Pravoslavnoy Rossiyskoy Tserkvi nachala XX veka. Pomestniy Sobor 1917–1918 gg. i predsoborniy period. M.: Indrik, 2021. 1048 s., Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, Iss. 107, pp. 169-173 (in Russian).


Макарова Анна

Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities;, Moscow, Russia;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0787-1592;
Email: zair-anna@mail.ru.