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Menshchikov Igor; Pavlutckikh Timofei

The siege of Dalmatovsky monastery during the peasant unrest of 1842


Pavlutckikh Timofei, Menshchikov Igor (2022) "The siege of Dalmatovsky monastery during the peasant unrest of 1842 ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2022, vol. 104, pp. 49-63 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2022104.49-63

Abstract

The article deals the peasant unrest of 1842–1843, known as the potato riots. The epicenter of the riots of 1842 was in the Trans-Ural uezdes (districts) of the Perm Governorate (Kamyshlovsky and Shadrinsky). The peasants seized the volost boards and churches, demanded from the rural authorities and the clergy to issue them a "sales charter", according to which they were transferred to serfs. Fearing the anger of the crowd, several country authorities fled to the Dalmatov Dormition Monastery to find refuge outside its walls. However, peasants from the surrounding villages began to gather in the town of Dalmatovo, they captured the Dalmatian volost head and the clerk and demanded that they be given a "sales charter" under the threat of torture. At this time, the treasurer of the monastery, Hieromonk Nicholas, ordered the gates of the monastery to be locked and threatened the rebels that he would fire a cannon. Then, as part of a religious procession, he proceeded to the volost administration house and freed the captive country authorities. After that, he, not meeting resistance, returned with them to the monastery. These events were portrayed by some Soviet historians, such as Nicolay Druzhinin, Sergey Tokarev, as a heroic siege of the Dalmatov monastery. However, an analysis of archived and published sources demonstrates that there was no siege in fact, the peasants were not going to seize the monastery and did not interfere with the movement from it, and the firing from the monastery was carried out with blank charges. When the military detachments arrived the next day, most of the peasants fled, several dozen were arrested without resistance and put on trial. Thus, we are dealing with a historiographical myth based on soviet ideology and an uncritical attitude towards the sources and works of other historians.

Keywords

riots, potato riots, Trans-Urals region, Russian peasantry, Dalmatovo monastery, social psychology, rumours, mentality

References

  1. Druzhinin N. (1958) Gosudarstvennye krest′iane i reforma P. D. Kiseleva. T. 2. Realizatsiia i posledstviia reform [State peasants and the reform of P. D. Kiselyov. Vol. 2. Implementation and implications of the reforms]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Menshchikov I. (2006) Kul′tura Iuzhnogo Zaural′ia vo vtoroi polovine XIX — nachale ХХ veka [Culture of the Southern Trans-Urals in the 2nd half of the 19th — early 20th centuries]. Kurgan (in Russian).
  3. Menshchikov I., Pavlutskikh T. (2020) “Sel′skoie dukhovenstvo i kartofel′nyie bunty v Zaural′ie 1842–1843” [Rural clergy and potato riots in the Trans-Urals region in 1842‒1843]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi. 2020, vol. 92, pp. 75–92 (in Russian).
  4. Menshchikov I., Pavlutskikh T. (2021) “Kartofel′nye bunty v Zaural′ie kak otrazhenie traditsionnogo soznaniia russkogo krest′ianstva” [Potato riots in the Trans-Urals region as a refl ection of the traditional consciousness of the Russian peasantry]. Vestnik permskogo universiteta. Istoriia. 2021, vol. 54, pp. 48–58 (in Russian).
  5. Mironov B. (2019) “Krest′ianskoe dvizhenie v Rossii nakanune emansipatsii kak moment istiny” [The peasant movement in Russia before the emancipation as a moment of truth]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta. Istoriia, 2019, vol. 64, рp. 817–842 (in Russian).
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  8. Tokarev S. (1939) Krestianskie kartofel′nye bunty [Peasants’ potato riots]. Kirov (in Russian).

Information about the author

Menshchikov Igor


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Kurgan State University; 63 Sovetskaya str., Kurgan 640020, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of World History;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5037-9563;
Email: ygor@bk.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.


Pavlutckikh Timofei


Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Kurgan State University; 135 Pushkina Str., Kurgan, 640020, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5827-1987;
Email: dobro_rg45@mail.ru.