Gayda Fyodor

“Orthodoxy” in the triad of S. S. Uvarov

Gayda Fyodor (2021) "“Orthodoxy” in the triad of S. S. Uvarov ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 2021, vol. 100, pp. 32-46 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturII2021100.32-46


The article is devoted to the fi rst element of the Uvarov triad Orthodoxy. Autocracy. Nationality. The previous historiographic tradition tends to view it as a formality, completely subordinated to the political demands of the autocracy. This article examines the understanding by the Minister of Public Education S. S. Uvarov (1833–1849) of Orthodoxy in the context of his views on the world’s history and Russian history, as well as the views of the Uvarov circle. The greatest infl uence on Uvarov’s ideas was exerted by N. M. Karamzin; one can also talk about the infl uence of A. S. Shishkov and M. P. Pogodin. The article concludes that Orthodoxy was conceived by Uvarov as one of the Russian “national principles” that had been established throughout the entire previous history. The Orthodox Church in Russia was strong because it was the Church of the Russian people, the Orthodox faith became part of the national identity. However, the people themselves were brought up in the spirit of Orthodoxy, which became the guarantee of its correct development. As Uvarov believed, the Orthodox faith was distinguished by the certainty of doctrine and retained its intact appearance. Thanks to this, Orthodoxy had the ability to further spread in the crisis of the Christian world. In Orthodoxy, spiritual freedom was preserved, which Christianity possessed due to its divine nature. Uvarov believed that the rejection of Christian truths inevitably led to a world catastrophe.


Uvarov`s triad, theory of offi cial nationality, Orthodoxy, Orthodox Church, Ministry of Public Education, S. S. Uvarov, N. M. Karamzin, A. S. Shishkov, M. P. Pogodin, Nicholas I


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Information about the author

Gayda Fyodor

Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov per., Moscow, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9586-8010;
Email: fyodorgayda@gmail.com.

*According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.