Zabaev Ivan

Operationalization in the concept of humility in psychology

Zabaev Ivan (2018) "Operationalization in the concept of humility in psychology ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 2018, vol. 76, pp. 107-129 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201876.107-129


In a number of areas of religious studies, such as sociology of religion, economy of religion, etc., the question of the nature of the infl uence of religion on certain aspects of life, namely politics, economics, family relations, has been developed for a long time. However, the analysis of the real or potential infl uence of Orthodoxy on people’s behaviour in diff erent spheres of life is only beginning. One of the virtues that is typical of Orthodoxy is “humility”. In order to carry out empirical studies that would allow us to assess how humility aff ects personal attitudes toward diff erent spheres of life and the person’s behaviour, it is necessary to create an instrument that would make it possible (at least in the form of a rough approximation) to evaluate the person’s possession of this ethos. This article carries out preliminary research for the construction of the scale of “humility” and gives a review of existing attempts in empirical studies to measure this virtue. This review covers such approaches as “virtues in action”, “HEXACO. Six major dimensions of personality”, “Relational humility”, “Self-focus” and “Otherfocus combination”, “Humility in positive psychology», «dispositional humility» and some others. Certain scales, such as “Relational humility scale”, “State humility scale”, “Disposition Humility scale”, “Humility as a combination of low attention to Self and high attention to the Other” (low self-focus, high other-focus), are being analysed as well. The article also discusses main diffi culties encountered by the developers of these scales.


humility, positive psychology, humility in trait theory, measuring of humility, operationalisation, humility scale, ethos


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Information about the author

Zabaev Ivan

Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Sociology;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate professor of the Theological Faculty;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9876-9093;
Email: zabaev-iv@yandex.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.


The article is written within the framework of the project supported in a form of grant in accordance with the decree of the President of the Russian Federation (№ 79-rp 01.04.2015) and on the basis of the tender held by Institute of socio-economic and political researches (ISEPR Foundation)