/

Samarina Tat’iana

From the History of Islamic Studies: A.-M. Schimmel and Phenomenological Approach to Religion


Samarina Tat’iana (2017) "From the History of Islamic Studies: A.-M. Schimmel and Phenomenological Approach to Religion ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 2017, vol. 71, pp. 89-103 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201771.89-103

Abstract

This article analyses key works of the well-known classic of Islamic studies A.-M. Schimmel and demonstrates that in her legacy the methodology of classical phenomenology of religion has found its fresh application to the study of Islam. The article focuses on essential points of A.-M. Schimmel’s biography that had infl uenced her academic career, and then analyses her phenomenological approach showing how she builds a system of description of Islam by means of systematising religious phenomena that proceeds from external forms (material objects) to the centre of religion, God. Phenomenological analysis of Islam provides a base for comprehensive understanding and description of religious phenomena, starting from the perception of stone, holiday, clothes, myth in minds of ordinary Muslims. Schimmel’s phenomenological approach to Islam takes into account the specifi city of lived religion prior to the emergence of this trend. A.-M. Schimmel’s legacy therefore fits in the context of contemporary religious studies. The second part of the article examines the influence of leading scholars in phenomenology of religion (Mircea Eliade, Gerardus van der Leeuw, Friedrich Heiler) on A.-M. Schimmel. It is concluded that the positive reception of her work among scholars of Islam and among Muslims themselves suggests that the language of the phenomenological description is the language of religious dialogue.

Keywords

phenomenology, religious studies, Islam, mysticism, A.-M. Schimmel, M. Eliade, G. van der Leeuw, F. Heiler

References


Die Religionen der Menschheit in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, Stuttgart, 1962.
Eliade M., Aspects du mythe, Paris, 1963.
Eliade M., Aziatskaia alkhimiia, Moscow, 1998.
Eliade M., The Myth of the Eternal Return: Cosmos and History, Princeton, 1971.
Heiler F., “Der Gottesbegriff der Mystik”, in: Numen: International review for the history of religions, I, 1954, 161–183.
Heiler F., Das Gebet: Eine religionsgeschichtliche und religionspsychologische Untersuchung, München, 1920.
Heiler F., Erscheinungsformen und Wesen der Religion, Stuttgart, 1961.
Wedemeyer C., Doniger W., eds., Hermeneutics, Politics and the History of Religions, Oxford, 2010.
Leaman O., “Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam by Annemarie Schimmel”, in: British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 23, 1 (May, 1996), 96–97.
Leeuw Van der G., Einführung in die Phänomenologie der Religion, München, 1925.
Leeuw Van der G., Phänomenologie der Religion, Stuttgart, 1956.
Leeuw Van der G., Religion in Essence and Manifestation, Princeton, 2014.
Librande L.T., “Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam by Annemarie Schimmel”, in: Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 64, 3 (1996), 672–674.
Hall D., ed., Lived Religion in America: Toward a History of Practice, Princeton, 1997.
Mahmutcehajic R., Bosnia the Good: Tolerance and Tradition, Budapest, 2000.
Mehdi I., “Annemarie Schimmmel: On Deciphering The Signs Of God”, in: Iqbal review: Journal of the Iqbal Academy Hyderabad, 12, 2, Nov., 2003, available at: URL: http://www.jaihoon.com/349.htm
Mujiburrahman, “The Phenomenological Approach In Islamic Studies: An Overview of a Western Attempt to Understand Islam”, in: The Muslim World. 91, 3–4, 2001, 425–449.
Nasr S. H., The Need for a Sacred Science, New York, 1993.
Netton I. R., “Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam by Annemarie Schimmel”, in: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 6, 3, 1996, 418–420.
Otto R., Das Heilige: Über das Irrationale in der Idee des Göttlichen und sein Verhältnis zum Rationalen, Breslau, 1917
Pylaev M. A., Zapadnaia fenomenologiia religii, Moscow, 2006.
Martin R. C., ed., Rahman F., Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies: Review Essay in Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies, Oxford, 2001, 189–202.
Samarina T. S., “Fenomenologiia religii F. Khailera”, in: Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Seriia 7, 2, 2016, 22–33.
Schimmel A.-M., A life of learning, New York, 1993.
Schimmel A.-M., As Through a Veil: Mystical Poetry in Islam, New York, 1982.
Schimmel A.-M., Das Thema des Weges und der Reise im Islam, Düsseldorf, 1994.
Schimmel A.-M., Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam, Albany, 1994.
Underhill E, Mysticism: A Study of the Nature and Development of Man’s Spiritual Consciousness, New York, 2002.
Waardenburg J., “Islam. Historical, social, and political perspectives”, in: Religion and reason, Berlin, 2002.
Waardenburg J., „Islamisch-Christliche Beziehungen. Geschichtliche Streifzüge“, in: Religionswissenschaftliche Studien, Band 23, Echter; Würzburg, 1993.
Wheeler B. M., “Deciphering the Signs of God: A Phenomenological Approach to Islam by Annemarie Schimmel”, in: History of Religions, 36, 3, 1997, 283–285.

Information about the author

Samarina Tat’iana


Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, 12/1 Goncharnaia, 109240 Moscow, Russian Federation;
Email: email: t_s_samarina@bk.ru.

*According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.