Nyebolszin Antal

Using of the Psalm 2 in the Apocalypse

Nyebolszin Antal (2016) "Using of the Psalm 2 in the Apocalypse ", Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia I : Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 2016, vol. 63, pp. 9-22 (in Russian).

DOI of the paper: 10.15382/sturI201663.9-22


The Book of Revelation is well-known by its extensive use of the Old Testament. This use is accomplished not by means of exact citation but through allusions. The measure of nearness of these allusions to the primary text, which they refer to, is diff erent. There are several allusions to Psalm 2 in the text of the Apocalypse, some of which are very close to the text of the Psalm and could be characterized as «quotation-like». The examination of these allusions is of great interest because of the fact that Ps 2 as an utter messianic text drew to itself attention of both Jewish and early Christian authors. The analysis of how Ps 2 is used in Book of Revelation may uncover the singularity of the Apocalypse in comparison with intertestamental Jewish and New Testament books. It is shown in the article that, unlike the Gospels, Acts and the Epistle to the Hebrews, the Seer is focused on the verse Ps 2. 9 which tells us about the victory of the Anointed One over the rebelling nations. In this respect the Apocalypse seems to be closer to the Jewish Psalm of Solomon 17 where through allusions to Ps 2 the military triumph of the Messiah is depicted. The Christian singularity of the Apocalypse is manifested, however, in the identifi cation of the Warrior-Messiah with the Lamb and the One like the Son of Man. In the article is also shown that the allusions of the Apocalypse to the Ps 2 are close to the text of the Septuagint. The presence of allusions to Ps 2 in all greater parts of the Book of Revelation and their extraordinary significance in the presentation of the image of Christ in the Apocalypse make this Psalm one of the «basic» texts of the last book of the Bible.


Revelation of John, Apocalypse, Psalm 2, Old Testament, Psalm of Solomon 17, Use of the Old Testament in the Apocalypse, Messiah, Christ, Son of God, Christological Titles, Kings of the Earth, Inhabitants of the Earth, Nations, Iron Rod, Church, Kingdom


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Nyebolszin Antal