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Чеснокова Т. Г. «День святого Патрика» Р. Б. Шеридана и традиции фарса как «малой комедии» в английском театре XVIII в // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2013. Вып. 2 (32). С. 65-77.
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A small number of plays written by R.B. Sheridan and the close limits of the period of his active work sometimes tend to overshadow the wide range of comic genres presented in his dramatic heritage. The creator of «the most finished and faultless comedy which we have» (as William Hazlitt called The School for Scandal), Sheridan was no less skilful at writing «short» (or «brief») drama. This side of his dramatic talent claims our special attention. Its importance is emphasized in the article which is particularly devoted to the analysis of Sheridan’s farce St. Patrick’s Day, or The Scheming Lieutenant (1775). In Britain the word «farce» came into general use during the Restoration period, when farcical pieces became widely spread, commonly functioning as «afterpieces». The term had no strict defi nition and was interpreted in different ways. Yet among the diversity of its different applications the two main tendencies may be marked out. In the first place farce presented a generalized genre model, lying at the bottom of the total majority of the irregular «short» genres, close to parody, burlesque and satire. On the other hand, the term was also applied to the specimens of the so-called «brief comedy», which appeared as a «concise» parallel to the 5-act comedy. It is the latter model which was realized in Sheridan’s farce under discussion. Taking it into account, the author of the article analyzes St. Patrick’s Day against the background of 17th and 18th centuries’ «short comedy» tradition. The most signifi cant genre characteristics are brought to light on the levels of plot, character system and style. As regards the play’s comic dialogue, its close relation to the Rococo style in combination with neoclassical tendencies is emphasized. The substitution of words in dialogue (or quo pro quo device) is paid special attention in the article along with some other features of comic speech. Comparative study of the former’s functions in comedies and farces by Moliere, Murphy and Sheridan helps to define more accurately characteristics of style peculiar to different trends in European comic drama of the 17th and 18th centuries. Such study provides a basis for determining the place of St. Patrick’s Day in Sheridan’s dramatic career as well as in the history of European «short» dramatic forms.
R. B. Sheridan, farce, short (brief) comedy, humour, comic dialogue, Rococo style, neoclassical style
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Чеснокова Н. П. Газский митрополит Паисий Лигарид в России: заметки к биографии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2020. Вып. 96. С. 11-28. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202096.11-28
The last years of life of Paisios Ligaridis, Metropolitan of Gaza, were closely associated with the Russian state and, as it may seem, are well known to researchers. However, some facts of his biography are still insuffi ciently studied and require further research. Paisios Ligaridis’ activity at the Great Moscow Council of 1666/67 is evaluated in the relevant scholarly literature mostly negatively. Both supporters and opponents of Nikon, Patriarch of Moscow, treat him either as an initiator of the decisions taken at the council, or as an embodiment of servility. However, such views do not take into account either unpublished archival materials or historical sources published as early as the 18‒20th centuries. Even less explored are the facts associated with the departure of Paisios Ligaridis to the Orthodox East and his second return to Moscow. They are dealt with differently in historiography not only because of the insuffi cient source base but more often because of the biased interpretation of the available pieces of evidence. Paisios arrived in Kiev in May 1673 and was not going to leave it quickly. Using published and unpublished sources this article puts forward a hypothesis about the possible reasons for the return of Paisios Ligaridis from Kiev to Moscow and his new departure from Moscow in 1676.
Russia, Orthodox East, Metropolitan Paisios Ligaridis, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, Patriarch Nikon, Great Moscow Council of 1666/67, Greek-Russian ties, sources, biography
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Chesnokova Nadezhda
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in History;
Academic Rank: Senior Research Fellow;
Place of work: Institute of World History of Russian Academy of Sciences; 32A Leninskiy Prospect, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation;
Post: Senior Researcher;
ORCID: 0000-0002-7304-1968;
Email: npchesn@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.