/
Search results


Цыпина Л. В., Собольникова Е. Н. Духовный пилигримаж в средневековой английской мистике XIVв.: когнитивные схемы и нарративные практики // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. 2021. Вып. 97. С. 33-56. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202197.33-56
This article reconstructs cognitive schemes and narrative practices in medieval vernacular English mysticism of the 14th century through the conceptual metaphor of the pilgrimage of the soul. The two-part nature and methodological productivity of this metaphor determines the purpose and structure of the article. In the fi rst section, the legacy of the virtuosos of spiritual work is analysed in accordance with the hypothesis of spatial representation of form proposed by Lakoff and Johnson. The similarity of the doctrines of Roll, Hilton, the author of the “Cloud of Unknowing”, and Juliana of Norwich is determined by the kinesthetic scheme of the source-path-goal based on the experience of moving in space. It allows us to establish a correlation between the area of movement, the starting point of which is the fallen state of man, and the area of the goal, which is to restore the image of God in man. The orientation of this scheme along the time line is realised as a scenario of human transformation on the way to God. The difference in the types of introverted pilgrimage is explained by the combination of hierarchical ladder structures with the schemes of the part and the whole, of the centre and periphery, of a receptacle. This enables the spiritual pilgrim to discover the infi nity of soul in God. The second section examines the relationship between mysticism and society in the conceptual optics of Bourdieu and Foucault. English vernacular mysticism of the 14th century refl ects the changing ways of mediation between the individual and the generalised canons of traditional culture. It adapts traditional devotional monastic practices, i.e. Bible reading, meditation, prayer, and contemplation to the needs of the laity. In this way, the “island version of modern piety” with its ideal of “mixed life” is formed. The lyrically reinterpreted “grammar of salvation” anticipates the proto-Renaissance concepts of human perfection, restored by the inexhaustible love of God the Father in the Son, and creates the conditions for proto-reformational reconfigurations of the religious fi eld.
vernacular mysticism; pilgrimage of the soul; kinesthetic scheme of the path; narrative practices; anti-metaphors; active, contemplative and blended life; R. Roll; author of the “Cloud of Unknowing”; W. Hilton; Juliana of Norwich
  1. Andia de I. (2012) Unio Mystica. Unity with God by Dionysius the Areopagite. Moscow: Institut filosofii, teologii i istorii sv. Fomy (Russian translation).
  2. Arnold J. (2014) “Introduction: A History of Medieval Christianity”, in The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 1–22.
  3. Baker D. N. (1999) “The active and contemplative leaves in Rolle, the Cloud-Author and Hilton”, in M. Glasscoe (ed.) The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England, Ireland and Wales: Exeter Symposium VI, Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, pp. 85–102.
  4. Bendon D. C. (2008) Mysticism and Space. Space and Spatiality in the Works of Richard Roll, the Cloud of Unknowing Author and Julian of Norwich. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
  5. Blumenfeld-Kosinski R. et al. (ed.) (2002) The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature. N.Y.: Palgrave.
  6. Bourdieu P. (2005) “Genesis and structure of the fi eld of religion”, in Sotsial′noie prostranstvo: polia i praktiki [Social space: fi elds and practices], St. Petersburg: Aleteia; Moscow: Institut eksperimental′noi sotsiologii, pp. 7–74 (Russian translation).
  7. Brockmeyer J., Harré R. (2000) “Narrativ: problemy i obeshchaniia odnoi al′ternativnoi paradigmy” [Narrative: problems and promises of one alternative paradigm]. Voprosy filosofii, vol. 3, pp. 29–42 (Russian translation).
  8. Chewning S. M. (2005) “Gladly Alone, Gladly Silent: Isolation and Exile in the Anchoritic Mystical Experience”, in L. H. McAvoy (ed.) Anchorites, Wombs and Tombs: Intersections of Gender and Enclosure in the Middle Ages, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, pp. 103–115.
  9. Corbellini S., Steckel S. (2019) “The Religious Field during the Long Fifteenth Century: Framing Religious Change beyond Traditional Paradigms”. Church History and Religious Culture, vol. 99, pp. 303–329.
  10. Cousins E. (1983) “Francis of Assisi: Christian Mysticism at the Crossroads”, in S. Katz (ed.) Mysticism and Religious Traditions, Oxford: Oxford University Pres, pp. 163–190.
  11. Dobson E. J. (1966) “The Date and Composition of Ancrene Wisse”, Proceedings of the British Academy, vol. 52, pp. 181–208.
  12. Dresvina Iu. (2007) “Zhenskoe bogoslovie v pozdnesrednevekovoi Anglii i ego chastnyi sluchai “Kniga Mardzheri Kemp”” [Female theology in Late Medieval England and its special case “The Book of Margery Kemp”]. Srednie veka, vol. 68 (2), pp. 33–44 (in Russian).
  13. Dresvina Iu. (ed.) (2010) Juliana of Norwich. Revelations of Divine Love. Moscow: Russkii fond sodeistviia obrazovaniiu i nauke (Russian translation).
  14. Ellis R., Fanous S. (2015) “1349-1412”, in V. Gillespie, S. Fanous (eds) The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Mysticism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 133–162.
  15. Foucault M. (1994) The Order of Things. An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. St. Petersburg: A-cad (Russian translation).
  16. Finke L. A. (1992) Feminist Theory, Women’s Writing. Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University Press.
  17. Foucault M. (1994) The Order of Things. An Archaeology of the Human Sciences. St. Petersburg: A-cad (Russian translation).
  18. Gardiner F. C. (1971) The Pilgrimage of Desire. The study of Theme and Genre in Medieval Literature. Leiden: Brill.
  19. Sherley-Price L. (tr.) (2015) Hilton W. The Scale (or Ladder) of Perfection. L.: Creative Media Partners, LLC.
  20. Sherley-Price L. (tr.) (2015) Hilton W. “Treatise written to a devout man”, in The Scale (or Ladder) of Perfection, L.: Creative Media Partners, LLC, pp. 139–154.
  21. Johnston W. (2000) The Mysticism of Cloud of unknowing: a modern interpretation. N.Y.: Fordham University Press.
  22. Knowles D. (1961) The English Mystical Tradition. N. Y.: Harper.
  23. Lakoff G. (2011) Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Moscow: Gnosis (Russian translation).
  24. Lamm J. A. (2013) “Guide to Christian Mysticism”, in The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Christian Mysticism, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1–24.
  25. Lutton R. (2019) “From micro- to macro-processes of religious change”. Church History and Religious Culture, vol. 99. pp. 412–439.
  26. Magill K. J. (2006) Julian of Norwich. Mystic or Visionary. L., N. Y.: Routledge.
  27. Malevich T. V. (2012) “Misticheskaia praktika “Oblaka neznaniia” v kontekste kognitivnoi teorii metafory” [Mystical practice of the “Cloud of Unknowing” in the context of the cognitive theory of metaphor]. Aliter, vol. 2, pp. 16–29 (in Russian).
  28. Malevich T. V. (2014) Teoriia misticheskogo opyta: istoriografi ia i perspektivy [The theory of mystical experience: Historiography and perspectives]. Moscow: IFRAN (in Russian).
  29. Manter L. (2002) “Rolle Playing: ‘And the Word Became Flesh’”, in R. Blumenfeld-Kosinski et al. (eds) The Vernacular Spirit: Essays on Medieval Religious Literature, N.Y.: Palgrave, pp. 15–37.
  30. McGinn B. (2012) The Varieties of Vernacular Mysticism. N. Y.: Herder & Herder.
  31. McGinn B. (1994) The Growth of Mysticism. L.: SCM Press.
  32. Minnis A. J. (1983) “Affection and Imagination in ‘The Cloud of Unknowing’ and Hilton’s ‘Scale of Perfection’”. Traditio, vol. 39, pp. 323–366.
  33. Nikola M. I. (2013) “Zhanrovye osobennosti srednevekovoi angliiskoi mistiki” [Genre features of medieval English mysticism]. Filologiia i kul′tura, vol. 2 (32), pp. 164–167 (in Russian).
  34. Novotny T. (2019) “Julian of Norwich: How did she know what she knew?”. History of education, vol. 48. (5), pp. 557–574.
  35. Ranft P. (2008) Women in Western Intellectual Culture. 600–1500. N. Y.: Palgrave Macmillan.
  36. Renevey D. (2013) “Mysticism and the Vernacular”, in J. Lamm (ed.) The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Christian Mysticism, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 562–576.
  37. Renevey D. (1999) “Name Above Names: The Devotion to the Name of Jesus from Richard Rolle to Walter Hilton’s Scale of Perfection I”, in M. Glasscoe (ed.) The Medieval Mystical Tradition in England, Ireland and Wales: Exeter Symposium VI, Cambridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd, pp. 103–121.
  38. Riehle W. (2014) The Secret Within: Hermits, Recluses, and Spiritual Outsiders in Medieval England. Ithaca and L.: Cornell University Press.
  39. Peters B. (2008) “Julian of Norwich’s showings and the Ancrene Riwle: Two rhetorical configurations of mysticism”. Rhetoric Review, no. 27(4), pp. 361–378.
  40. Rolle R. (2010) The Fire of Love. L.: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
  41. Rush R. M. (2016) “‘Alle in generalle and nothing in specialle’: General and Special in Julian of Norwich’s Revelation of Love”. The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 115 (1), pp. 79–94.
  42. Savage A., Watson N. (trans.) (1991) “Ancrene Riwle”, in Anchoritic Spirituality, N.Y.: Paulist, pp. 41–207.
  43. Sherley-Price L. (trans.) (1978) “The Book of Privy Counselling”, in The Cloud of Unknowing and other works, L.: Penguin Classic, pp. 153–200.
  44. Sherley-Price L. (trans.) (1978) The Cloud of Unknowing and other works. L.: Penguin Classic.
  45. Shon F. (2006) “The Teleological Element in Richard Rolle’s ‘Contra amatores mundi’”. The Modern Language Review, vol. 101(1), pp. 1–15.
  46. Steckel S. (2019) “Historicizing the Religious Field Adapting Theories of the Religious Field for the Study of Medieval and Early Modern Europe”. Church History and Religious Culture, vol. 99, pp. 331–370.
  47. Supriianovich A. G. (2017) V slezax i vo slave. Gender, vlast′ i identichnost′ v srednevekovoi Zapadnoi Evrope [In tears and in glory. Gender, power, and identity in Medieval Western Europe]. Moscow; St. Petersburg: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ (in Russian).
  48. Sutherland A. (2009) “The Middle English Mystics”, in R. Lemon et al. (eds) The Blackwell Companion to the Bible in English Literature, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 85–99.
  49. Toporova A. V. (2018) Religioznaia zhizn′ Srednevekovoi Italii v zerkale literatury [Religious life of Medieval Italy in the mirror of literature]. Moscow; St. Petersburg: Tsentr gumanitarnykh initsiativ (in Russian).
  50. Turner V. (1978) Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture. N. Y.: Columbia University Press.
  51. Watson N. (1995) “Censorship and Cultural Change in Late-Medieval England: Vernacular Theology, the Oxford Translation Debate, and Arundel’s Constitutions of 1409”. Speculum, vol. 70 (4), pp. 822–844.
  52. Watson N. (2015) “The Middle English Mystics”, in D. Wallace (ed.) The Cambridge History of Medieval English Literature, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 539–565.
  53. Watson N. (1991) Richard Rolle and the Invention of Authority. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  54. Whitehead C. (2013) “The Late Fourteen Century English Mystics”, in J. Lamm (ed.) The Wiley- Blackwell Companion to Christian Mysticism, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 357–372.
  55. Wogan-Browne J. et al. (ed.) (1999) The Idea of the Vernacular: An Anthology of Middle English Literary Theory 1280–1520. Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Tsypina Lada
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Institute of Philosophy, St Petersburg State University; 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg 199034, Russian Federation;
Post: assistant professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-7307-3874;
Email: l.cypina@spbu.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Sobolnikova Elena
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Mechnikov North-West State Medical University; Piskarevsky Prospekt, 47, Saint Petersburg, 195067, Russian Federation;
Post: assistant professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8129-1855;
Email: sobolnikova@list.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The reported study was funded by RFBR, project number № 20-111-50446.