Хачаянц А. Г. Певческие рукописи XVI–XIX вв. Кодикологический аспект // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2015. Вып. 2 (18). С. 117-122. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201518.117-122
Church singing manuscripts remain one of the main sources of studying Old Russian singing art. At the same time, this article underlines the importance of carrying out the research on church singing manuscripts from the point of view of the scientiﬁ c discipline called codicology. In this case the manuscript becomes the subject of the research rather than its material or source. The present article focuses upon the codicological peculiarities of the manuscripts of the XVI–XIX centuries. Books of this period reveal the ﬂowering of church singing art (XVI–XVII centuries), as well as the maintenance of traditions by old-believers (XVIII–XIX centuries). Codicology allows to analyse a manuscript as a semiotic object. Among the manuscripts of the XVI–XVII centuries the prevailing ones are small-format church singing collections with a large number of pages. These collections are organized in two ways: the ﬁ rst one is represented by various cycles of chants, theoretical guides etc., whereas the second one consists in several basic types of liturgical books under the same cover. Both types of collections are handy only for private use, being uncomfortable for common singing in choir. This is the reason why such collections can be regarded as singing guides — the fact that also reﬂects one speciﬁc feature of neume notation, and namely, its mnemonic character. Codicological characteristics of old-believers’ manuscripts, on the contrary, indicate the fact that they were meant for church service singing. These manuscripts are in large format, with large writing and coloured decorations. One codex tends to contain one or two types of church singing books in order to make it comfortable to use during the service. The book becomes an attribute of service rituals. Thus, the research has revealed that the codicological characteristics of church singing manuscripts can bear the function of semiotic signs that are referred to its designatum: the liturgical and church singing speciﬁcity and the historical processes of the art of church singing.
Old Russia church singing art, manuscript, codicology, semiotics of book
1. Brazhnikov M. V. Russkaja pevcheskaja paleografija (Russian Song Paleography), Saint-Petersburg, 2002.
2. Zabolotnaja N. V. Cerkovno-pevcheskie rukopisi Drevnej Rusi XI–XIV vekov: osnovnye tipy knig v istoriko-funkcional'nom aspekte (Chuch-Singing Manuscripts of Old Rus’ of XI–XIV Centuries: Main Tupes of Books in Historical-Functional Aspect), Moscow, 2001.
3. Zahar'ina N. B. Russkie bogosluzhebnye pevcheskie knigi XVIII–XIX vekov: Sinodal'naja tradicija (Russian Service Song Books of XVIII–XIX Centuries: Synod Tradition), Saint-Petersburg, 2003.
4. Zahar'ina N. B. Russkie pevcheskie knigi: tipologija, puti jevoljucii: Avtoref. dis. … d-ra iskusstv. (Russian Song Books: Typology, Ways of Evolution: Dissertation Abstract), Moscow, 2006.
5. Zberskij T. Semiotika knigi (Semiotics of Book), Moscow, 1981.
6. Knigovedenie: Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' (Encyclopedical Dictionary), Moscow, 1982.
7. Svodnyj katalog russkoj knigi kirillovskoj pechati XVIII v. (General Catalogue of Russian Book of Cyrillic Print of XVIII Cent.), Moscow, 1968.