Терещенко В. В. Психологическое исследование специфики понимания взросления городскими и сельскими школьниками // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 3 (42). С. 112-122. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201642.112-122
The article is devoted to a relevant psycho-pedagogical problem — studying the speciﬁcs of understanding the process of growing by children in cities and villages. The author presents an interdisciplinary analysis of contemporary works on the problem of growing up. Growing up is not only considered as a separate process in the study of the dynamic characteristics of the individual’s ontogenesis, but also as a synonym of maturity used to determine the standard development of the subject. Basic characteristics of growing up are deﬁned: the formation of life-purpose position, the development of a certain level of self-understanding, the establishment of new intergenerational relationships, relations with peers and acceptance of responsibility. The results of empirical research allow us to see the diﬀerent structure of our urban and rural students. For a group of village teenagers — stable relationships with individually typological features of the self and life orientations and the formation of the self-inﬂuence, especially intergenerational relationships. Paired relationships are characteristic for urban teens: individual-typological features and the self, the self and life orientations, the relationship of the self and intergenerational relations. In the structure of growing rural teenagers presented the following signiﬁcant intercomponent relationships: the importance of individually typological features like extraversion — emotiveness, introversion — sensitivity. This emotiveness and extraversion — the conditions deﬁning the features of formation of the speciﬁcs of a teenager. The structure of the urban adolescents growing up has a number of features which include rigidity — anxiety. Anxiety reduces the perception of themselves as stakeholders and reduces the degree of a teenager’s sympathy towards his "I". The positive assessment of the family (intergenerational relationships, parents) helps to reduce the importance of others’ views in the formation of self-identity.
growing, mature, teen, understanding, life-purpose position, individual-ly-typological features, the Self, intergenerational relationships.
1. Znakov V. V. Psihologija ponimanija: problemy i perspektivy (Psychology of Understanding: Problems and Perspectives), Moscow, 2005.
2. Kajgorodov B. V. 2002 “Strukturno-dinamicheskie harakteristiki samoponimanija v harakteristike i razvitii Ja-koncepcii v junosheskom vozraste“ (Structural-Dynamic Characteristics of Self-Understanding in Characteristic and Development of I-Concept in Youth Age), in Mir psihologii, vol. 2/30, Moscow; Voronezh, 2002, pp. 117–126.
3. Rubinshtejn S. L. Chelovek i mir (Human and World), Saint-Petersburg, 2012.
4. Slobodchikov V. I., Isaev E. I. Psihologija razvitija cheloveka (Psychology of Human Development), Moscow, 2000.
5. Tereshhenko V. V. 2013 “Teoretiko-metodologicheskie osnovy lichnostnogo razvitija i vzroslenija sovremennogo podrostka” (Theoretical-Methodological Basics of Person Development and Aging of Modern Teenager), in Psihologija obuchenija, 2013, vol. 11, pp. 55–63.
6. Fel'dshtejn D. I. Psihologija vzroslenija: Strukturno-soderzhatel'nye processy razvitija lichnosti (Aging Psychology: Structural-Content Processes of Person Development), Moscow, 1999.
7. Fiofanova O. A. 2007 “Pedagogicheskoe proektirovanie modal'nostej vzroslenija v vospitatel'nom prostranstve” (Pedagogical Projecting of Modalities of Aging in Educational Space), in Izvestija Rossijskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A. I. Gercena, Saint-Petersburg, 2007, vol. 9, pp. 236–242.