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Крейдун Ю. А., Талашкин А. В. Декоративное оформление колоколов тюменского завода «П. И. Гилёва сыновей» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 35. С. 163-180. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201935.163-180
This article deals with the decor of the bells of the factory P.I. Gilyov and Sons in Tyumen’. The merchants Gilyovs (Russ. Гилёвы) are the major Syperian dynasty of bell masters that for 200 years cast bells for the whole region. At present, 50 bells made by the Gilyovs are known, and 25 more bells were presumably made by them. The works of the factory were awarded at international and all-Russian industrial exhibitions, as well as by the letter of gratitude of His Majesty Emperor Nicholas II. The decor of the bells is represented by a wide range of typical ornaments that are combined in variations in differents groups of bells. Particularly rich adornment is seen on big bells, where one can fi nd ornamental friezes, professionally made iconic images, inscriptions. The article establishes time periods in the development of artwork on the bells, raises questions about loans of elements of decoration from other manufacturers; the most typical decorative elements are classifi ed and given names. Particular attention is paid to the question about the colouring of the whole bell or its fragments. The attribution of Siberian bells poses a diffi cult problem because the majority of the items preserved are not signed by the authors. The article provides photographs of the decorative elements of the Gilyovs’ factory, which allows one to acquire an impression of the appearance of the bells and to attribute newly-found unsigned bells.
bell, Gilyov, Kondakov, bells in Siberia, decor of the bell, metal colour, ornament
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Kreydun Yuri, archpriest
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Theology;
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: Barnaul Theological Seminary; 25A Shumakova Str., Barnaul 656058, Russian Federation;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0746-8875;
Email: krey70@mail.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Talashkin Alexey
Place of work: Siberian Centre of Bell Art; 229 (Offi ce 1) Bolshevistskaya Str., Novosibirsk, 630083, Russian Federation;
Post: Deputy Director;
ORCID: 0000-0002-4633-8723;
Email: talashkin@mail.ru.