Табунщикова Л. В., Шадрина А. В. К проблеме закрытия православных церквей на Дону в конце 1920-х – 1930-е гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2012. Вып. 6 (49). С. 35-44.
The article covers the important stage of mutual relations between the Soviet state and the Russian Church in the first five-year plans, industrialisation and collectivisation time. These global events have influenced on both internal policy of the state and its policy towards religion. The author relying on the mass of archival sources investigates the features of this policy in 1920-1930.
the Russian Orthodox Church, atheistic propagation, closing of churches and monasteries
The Renovation Schism in Taganrog and Shakhtinsk-Donetsk Deaneries of North Caucasus (Rostov region)
Табунщикова Л. В. Обновленческий раскол в Таганрогском и Шахтинско-Донецком округах Северо-Кавказского края (Ростовской области) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 3 (64). С. 51-60. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201564.51-60
Peculiarities of initiation and progress of the Renovation schism are considered in this article based on wide range of archival sources — four regional archives (the Archive of Administration of the Federal Agency of the RF for Rostov region; the State archive of Rostov region; Taganrog branch of the State archive of Rostov region; Archival Documentation Center). Central position in the article is devoted to perception of the renovation by diﬀ erent social categories of the population: peasants of Taganrog deanery, Cossacks and workers of Shakhtinsk-Donetsk Deanery (former Aleksandrovsk-Grushevsky deanery of Don and Novocherkassk diocese). The author focuses on social, geographical and other peculiarities of the Renovation schism in Taganrog and Shakhtinsk-Donetsk Deaneries of North Caucasus (Rostov region). Characteristic features of Taganrog renovation involved establishing of separate diocese initiated by the clergy and strong anti-renovation opposition. Taganrog renovation was not radical and, in the whole, didn’t go beyond the Orthodox ritualism. In contrast to the other areas of Don region, church members played a signiﬁcant role in the activity of Taganrog deanery. In some cases they took up the initiative and decided which movement they want to belong to. Final extinction of the renovation in Taganrog is dated by 1938. Diocese center in Shakhty was established late enough, key positions in diocesan administration were occupied by the priests who came from Caucasian dioceses. The Administration activity was kept under careful attention of the State Political Directorate. Renovation in Shakhty diocese, as well as in the whole region, was not radical. Presence of pro-opposition clergy isn’t recorded in the documentation.
Russian Orthodox Church, the Renovation, the Renovation Schism, Taganrog and Shakhtinsk-Donetsk Deaneries of North Caucasus, bishop Mitrophan (Grinyov), bishop Arseny (Smolenets)
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6. Birjukova Ju. A. Sovetskaja vlast' i pravoslavnye obshhiny Dona v 1920–1930-h gg. Harakter otnoshenij na mestah (Soviet Power and Orthodox Parishes of Don in 1920-1930-s Years. Character of Local Relations), Rostov-na-Donu, 2012.
Табунщикова Л. В. «Красная обрядность» на территории Донобласти в 1923-1924 гг // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 6 (67). С. 85-94. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201567.85-94
The birth, development and extinction peculiarities of the “Red Ritualism” (new traditions and rituals of Soviet Russia) in the territory of Don Oblast in 1923–1924 are considered in this article on the basis of the regional periodicals of 1920. The Soviet Government was interested in new ritualism from the ﬁrst revolution years till the beginning of 1930 and in the period of the Khrushchev Thaw (the end of the 1950 — the beginning of the 1960 ). The article is devoted to the investigation of theses processes at the regional level in the ﬁrst half-year of the 1920. The struggle with survives of time was on of the most evident areas of the anti-religious activity of the Goverment in the ﬁ rst half-year of the 1920 th. After the company of church values conﬁscation the Government stroke an ideological blow at the way of life — they created “civil funeral”, “red marriage” and “octyabriny” (a name-day, the soviet ritual as an alternative of christening). In the Don region theses rituals appeared in 1923. “The red christening” was the most popular, “the civil funeral” was the least one. These processes were mostly spread in the cities and in a less degree in the villages. While in the whole country in 1925 the interest toward the “red ritualism” reached the peak, in the Donskaya oblast it was fading away. The author in this work uses the archive materials that were not published previously. The article will be useful for the specialists and other people interested in the given subject.
Russian Orthodox Church, red ritualism, soviet rituals, zvezdiny, red funeral, soviet marriage, christening, rituals, Donskaya oblast, oktyabriny, anti-religious propaganda.
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Табунщикова Л. В. Антиколокольная кампания на Дону в 1920–1930-е гг. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2017. Вып. 76. С. 54-66. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201776.54-66
This article deals with the campaign against church bells that was led by Bolsheviks in 1923–1924 and 1929–1930. The study is based on a wide range of archival materials, namely on documents from the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the State Archive of Rostov Region, the Documentation Centre of the Contemporary History of Rostov Region, Taganrog branch of the State Archive of the Russian Federation, the Depository of Archival Documentation in Shakhty (Russ. Шахты), the Archive of the Federal Security Service of Russia as well as publications in local newspapers. The paper describes the course of this campaign in Don region and gives a detailed description of each stage of the campaign. In the ﬁrst period, the removal of church bells had a sporadic character. The reason for the removal was to help Voszdukhoﬂ ot (Russ. Воздухофлот). In the second period (1929-1930), the campaign intensiﬁ ed dramatically. In 1930, it was spread all over the country. The government was interested in bell copper for political and economical reasons. In 1930, the Russian Church faced the wave of repressions and mass closure of churches, but at the same time, the country needed nonferrous metals in the processes of industrialisation. The campaign also aﬀected those churches that had already been closed, churches that were in the process of closing; sometimes defective bells from functioning churches were removed as well. This campaign did not lead to any public outcry in the Don region.
Russian Orthodox Church, church bell, campaign against church bells, antireligious propaganda, Don region, church-state relationships, closure of churches
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