Search results

Смекалина В. В. Шильонский замок — «место паломничества» русских путешественников конца XVIII–XIX в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2013. Вып. 4 (53). С. 44-52.
The analysis of the perception of the Chillon Castle by Russian travelers in the late XVIIIth–XIXth centuries illustrates the mechanism of adoption of new images in Russian culture, the belles-lettres playing a key role in this process. Within a short period of time the Chillon Castle became a new pilgrimage in Russian cultural life, which was in many respects determined by the works of Rousseau, Byron, Karamzin and Zhukovsky.
Russian culture, travelling, Switzerland, Chillon Castle, Byron, Zhukovsky
1. Karamzin N. M. Bednaja Liza. Avtobiografia. Povesti. Pis'ma russkogo puteshestvennika (Poor Lisa. Autobioraphy. Novels. Letters of a Russian traveler) . Moscow, 2005.
2. Tolstoj L. N. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij v 90 tomah (Complete works in 90 volumes). T. 47, T. 60. Moscow, 2006.
3. Pogodin M. P. God v chuzhih krajah (1839): Dorozhnyi dnevnik (A Year abroad (1839): travel journal). T. 4. Moscow, 1844.
4. Vjazemskij P. A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij (Complete works). T. 10. S.-Petersburg, 1886.
5. Andreev A. Yu. 2012. Deux siecles de presence russe en Pays de Vaud, pp. 97-108.
6. Zhukovskij V. A. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij ipisem v 20 tomah (Complete works and letters in 20 volumes). T. 13. Moscow, 2004.
7. Gogol' N. V. Perepiska v 2 tomah (Correspondence in 2 volumes). Moscow, 1988. T. 1.
8. Zilov A. M. Dnevnik russkogo puteshestvennika po Evrope (A journal of a Russian traveler in Europe). T. 2. Moscow, 1843.
9. Bogoljubov A. P. Zapiski morjake-hudozhnika (Notes of an artist-sailor). Samara, 1996.
10. Shevyrev S. P. Italjanskie vpechatlenja (Italian impressions). S.-Petersburg, 2006.
11. Chajkovskij P. I. Perepiska s N. F. fon-Mekk (Correspondence with N.Ph. von Mekk). Т. I. 1876-1878. Moscow, 1934.
Смекалина В. В. "Устав от бурь, накрывших Европу, я отправился в Швейцарию на поиски покоя": Ф. Г. Головкин в Швейцарии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2016. Вып. 4 (71). С. 43-52. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201671.43-52
In the article the author analyses one of the examples of the “Russian” “Swiss myth” in the travel notes of Russian travelers in the late 18th — early 19th centuries. Count FedorGolovkin, issuing from a noble Russian family abroad, left extensive and informative notes and letters about this country in which he spent several years. He writes not only about the beauties of the nature in Switzerland, but also depicts its history, social and political life. Herewith he enriches the “classical” “Swiss myth” with the traits of a “nobleman’s idyl” as a serene and quiet life of a philosopher and an aristocrat. Golovkin is not only attached to Switzerland as a country, but also to his friends there and to the cultural scenery of the “alpine republic”. Basing on the analysis of Golovkins memoires and letters the author reflects on the incorporation of the Russian nobility into the European cultural space, and on the influence of the political changes in Europe on the ideology of the noble Russians abroad. It is characteristic that even in Switzerland Golovkin still was anxios about the massive political changes in Europe, which anticipates the later more tragic perception of Europe by the next generations of Russian travelers.
Russia, Switzerland, Golovkin, myth, idyll, culture.

1. Bonnje S. 2003 “Istoricheskoe vvedenie” (Historical Introduction), in Golovkin F. G. Dvor i carstvovanie Pavla I. Portrety, vospominanija (Court and Reign of Pavel I), Moscow, 2003, pp. 40–112.
2. Danilevskij R. Ju. Rossija i Shvejcarija. Literaturnye svjazi XVIII–XIX vv. (Russia and Swiss. Literary Connections of XVIII–XIX Cent.), London, 1984.
3. Ismail-Zade D. 2003 “«Pishu jeti stroki vo cvete let…»” (“I Am Writing These Lines in the Prime of Life”), in Golovkin F. G. Dvor i carstvovanie Pavla I, Moscow, 2003, pp. 5–38.
4. Smekalina V. V. 2013 “Shvejcarskij pojet i uchenyj Al'breht fon Galler” (Swiss Poet and Scholar Albrecht von Galler), in Novaja i novejshaja istorija, 2013, vol. 6, pp. 184–188.
5. Smekalina V. V. Russkie puteshestvenniki v Shvejcarii vo vtoroj polovine XVIII — pervoj polovine XIX v. (Russian Travelers in Swiss in Second Half of XVIII — First Half of XIX Cent.), Moscow, 2015.
6. Tozato-Rigo D. 2014 “Sem'ja Golovkinyh. Russkie aristokraty na respublikanskoj zemle“ (Family of Golovkiny. Russian Aristocrats on Republican Land), in Rodina, 2014, vol. 1, pp. 18–20.
7. Brang P. “„Mein Erstaunen schwand...“. Zum Schweiz-Mythos in der russischen Literatur“, in Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Zürich, 1985, vol. 9/10/3, p. 66.
8. Cart J. L. Histoire de mouvement religieux et ecclésiastique dans le canton de Vaud pendant la première moitié du dix-neuvième siècle, Lausanne, 1870, vol. 1.
9. Coppet et la revolution de Suisse 1797–1805. Forum europeen de Coppet, Vaud, 2003.
10. Hentschel U. Mythos Schweiz: zum deutschen literarischen Philhelvetismus zwischen 1700 und 1850, Tübingen, 2002.
11. Hofmann E., Rosset F. Le Groupe de Coppet. Une constellation d’intellectuels européens, Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes (coll. Le Savoir Suisse), Lausanne, 2005.
12. Jaume L. (ed.) Coppet, creuset de l’esprit liberal, Paris; Aix-en-Provence, 2000.
13. Kloocke K. (ed.) Le groupe de Coppet et l’Europe: 1789–1830, Lausanne, 1994.
14. Reichler C. Le voyage en Suisse: anthologie des voyageurs français et européens de la Renaissance au XXe siècle, Paris, 1998.
Янушкявичене О. Л., Смекалина Н. В. Влияние дистанционного образования на развитие коммуникативных умений младших школьников // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2021. Вып. 61. С. 44-56. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202161.44-56
The article is devoted to the study of the infl uence of distance learning on the development of children’s communication skills. The conducted theoretical research revealed that the majority of authors associate this process with “communication”, “understanding of the other”, “non-verbal interaction”, “dialogue” and “text”. Since non-verbal communication channels practically do not work in distance learning, it was assumed that the development of communication skills in this case is complicated. It was also suggested that the eff ectiveness of communication in distance learning can be achieved through working with text, and the situation with understanding the meaning of the text in a modern school was analysed. An experimental study of the issue was carried out in the form of a survey of teachers and parents of children. The results of the survey made it possible to draw some conclusions as to the problem of the impact of distance learning on the development of communication skills of students. It was found that the skills of non-verbal communication are lost; written and oral speech issimplified; more abbreviations are used, thought is formed by simple sentences, the use of language expressions is reduced, comparisons are simplifi ed; skills of writing, spelling are lost; the desire to be a leader interferes with self-control; the ability to listen and give in to others is lost; dependence on “likes” appears; tolerance depends on the distance society in which the student lives; the skills of fi nding the necessary information from various sources, except the Internet, are reduced; the collective breaks up into interest groups, which are sometimes located in a parallel distance space; self-control decreases due to distracting “pop-up bright windows”.
distance learning, communication skills, communication, understanding of the other, non-verbal interaction, dialogue, text
  1. Antonova E. S. (2007) Metodika prepodavanij a russkogo iazyka: kommunikativno-deiatel'nostnyi podkhod: uchebnoe posobie [Methods of teaching the Russian language: communicativeactivity approach: a textbook]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Asmolov A. G. (2008) Kak proektirovat’ UUD v nachal'noi shkole [How to design universal learning activities in primary school]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Bolotova A. K. (2019) “Vremia i neverbal'nye vzaimodejstviia v kommunikativnom dialoge” [Time and non-verbal interactions in communicative dialogue], in Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science [Cross-Cultural Studies: Education and Science], vol. 4, issue 2, pp. 48–55 (in Russian).
  4. Brudnyi A. A. (1998) Psikhologicheskaia germenevtika [Psychological hermeneutics]. Moscow (in Russian).
  5. Gladchenko V. E. (2013) “Kommunikativnye umeniia: podkhody i klassifi katsii” [Communicative skills: approaches and classifi cations]. Kul'turnaja zhizn' Iuga Rossii, vol. 2 (49), pp. 84–85 (in Russian).
  6. Konyuhov D., Yanushkyavichiene O. L. (2012) “Obretenie smyslov” [Finding meanings]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia, 2012, vol. 2 (25), pp. 80–87 (in Russian). Mudrik A. V. (2001) Obshhenie v protsesse vospitaniia [Communication in the process of education]. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Mkrtchyan M. A. (2005) “Ideologicheskie osnovy kollektivnogo sposoba obucheniia” [Ideological foundations of the collective way of teaching], in Teoriia i tekhnologiia kollektivnykh uchebnykh zaniatii. Nachal’nyi kurs: distantsionnoe uchebnoe posobie [Theory and technology of collective training sessions. Initial course: distance learning aid]. Krasnoiarsk (in Russian).
  8. Parygin B. D. (1999) Social'naia psikhologiia. Problemy metodologii, istorii i teorii [Social psychology. Problems of methodology, history and theory]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  9. Somkova O. N. (2017) Obrazovatel'naia oblast’ “Rechevoe razvitie”. Kak rabotat’ po programme “Detstvo”: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Educational area “Speech development”. How to work in the “Childhood” programme: a teaching aid]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  10. Uhls Т. Y., Michikyan M., Morris J., Garcia D., Small G. W., Zgourou E., Greenfi eld P. M. (2014) Five days at outdoor education camp without screens improves preteen skills with nonverbal emotion cues Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 39, pp. 387–392.
  11. Voskoboinikov A. Ye. (2006) “Monolog o Dialoge i Ponimanii” [“Monologue about Dialogue and Understanding”]. Znanie. Ponimanie. Umenie, vol. 1, pp. 22–27 (in Russian).
  12. Zapiataia O. V. (2013) Diagnostika sformirovannosti kommunikativnykh umenii uchebnykh deistvii u mladshikh shkol'nikov [Diagnostics of the formation of communicative skills of educational actions in younger students]. Volgograd (in Russian).
  13. Zolotarev D. A., Beliko T. V. (2011) “Sravnitel'nyi analiz osobennostei vospriiatiia teksta na bumazhnom nositele i v interaktivnoj srede” [Comparative analysis of the peculiarities of perception of text on paper and in an interactive environment]. Izvestiia Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra Rossiiskoi akademii nauk, vol. 2 (1), book 13, pp. 215–220 (in Russian).
Yanushkevichene Оlga
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Physical and Mathematical Sciences;
Academic Rank: Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov per., Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: profesor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-5362-0073;
Email: olgjan@mail.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Smekalina Natalia
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov per., Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5483-4084;
Email: festival-nata@mail.ru.