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Скворцов П. М., Скворцова Я. В. Принцип объективного оценивания учебных достижений студентов педагогических специальностей // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2019. Вып. 55. С. 9-22. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201955.9-22
This article deals with the issue of objectivity of evaluation of educational achievements of students of pedagogical specialisations in institutions of higher education within the framework of the implemented competence approach. It analyses the difficulties of implementing the competence approach in higher education in general and pedagogical education in particular. It studies the diff erences between the competencies of a specialist with higher education in comparison with a skilled worker and a middle-level specialist. It proposes a principle of objective evaluation of the effectiveness of the development of students’ professional educational programmes, which is based on the need, apart from the evaluation of the teacher and self-assessment of the student, of external evaluation of a third party. It puts forward conditions under which an objective assessment of success of training is possible. It substantiates the necessity of establishing a range of assessment tools for a specifi c subject. It off ers a typology of evaluation tools that allows one to objectively evaluate educational achievements of students. It highlights the features of control and evaluation tools that diagnose the level of knowledge and formation of students’ skills. It describes the qualitative features of control and measuring materials and competence-oriented tasks used in the evaluation of educational achievements of the student. It points to the possibilities of use of control and measuring materials and competence-oriented tasks according to their estimated opportunities. The authors substantiate the allocation of the basic level of educational achievements of the student as a reference point for diff erentiated and undiff erentiated forms of assessment.
principle of objective pedagogical assessment, sources of objective assessment of educational achievements, range of evaluation tools, control and evaluation tools, control and measuring materials, competence-oriented tasks, basic level of educational achievements
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Skvortsov Pavel
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 23B Novokuznetskaya Str., Moscow 115184, Russian Federation;
Post: Associate Professor, Department of Pedagogy and Methods of Primary Education;
ORCID: 0000-0001-8233-6162;
Email: sturnus-68@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Skvortsova Yaroslavna
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Education;
Place of work: First Moscow State Medical University; 8/2 Trubetskaya Str., Moscow 119991, Russian Federation;
Post: Department of Nursing Management and Social Work;
ORCID: 0000-0003-0634-9871;
Email: skv-yaroslavna@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.