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Светлова Н. Е. К. П. Победоносцев и церковно-приходские школы России в начале XX в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2018. Вып. 49. С. 59-68. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201849.59-68
This article provides a brief overview of the development of church school eduation in Russia since the time of emergence of the very fi rst church schools (Russ. церковно-приходские школы). It also describes the system of parish schools in the late 19th — early 20th centuries and examines K. P. Pobedonostsev’s work on the development of parish schools in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century. The parish school is regarded as a result and one of the tasks of K. P. Pobedonostsev in his state policy. K. P. Pobedonostsev’s views on the arranging of schools were, in the main, formed by the ecclesiastic consciousness, understanding of the importance of faith and the church for society. His pedagogical views were implemented in parish schools that reached their peak in the period in question. The study of the state of church schools during the period of 1900–1907, the arrangement of the educational process which refl ects the influence and care of the Ober-Procurator for schools, made it possible to conclude that there was a powerful system of church and parish schools created and guided by the Holy Synod, which made a great contribution to the development of education in Russia. The article also highlights the importance of research into the structure of this type of school for the modern system of Russian school education.
K. P. Pobedonostsev, Holy Synod, church parish school, primary schools, development of education, upbringing, worldview
  1. Goncharov M. A., Plohova M. G., “Cerkovnoprihodskie shkoly i ih mesto v podgotovke uchitelej v Rossii v konce XIX — nachale XX v.”, in: Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, № 2 (25), 2012, 101–117.
  2. Pobedonoscev K. P., “Uchen'e i uchitel': ped. zametki”, in: Sochinenija. St. Petersburg, 1996, 472–508.
Svetlova Nastasya
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 23B Novokuznetskaia Str., Moskow 115054, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3288-2602;
Email: svetanastasis@gmail.com.
The article is written in 2018 within the framework of the project "Church and school in Russia in the period 1900-1918" supported by PSTGU Development Foundation.