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Сак К. В. "Самая большая гордость - быть твоим первым и самым верным подданным": вел. кн. Константин Николаевич и вел. кн. Константин Константинович на службе престолу // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 4 (41). С. 15-29.
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The Romanov dynasty, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich, Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich, the Establishment of the Imperial family, the Great reforms, counter-reforms, the Russian revolution, generation
Корсаков А. И. Религия и наука в трудах основателя первого позитивизма // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2012. Вып. 2 (40). С. 80-92.
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This article attempts to deal with the last phase of the life and work of Auguste Conte, the founder of the philosophy of positivism. The appearance and development of this type of philosophy were conditioned by the new waves of thought which dominated European philosophy during the nineteenth century. It was believed that faith in a scientific method would guarantee the success of any kind of scientific endeavor. Conte developed his idea of a three level intellectual evolution from notions which had already been posited by Saint-Simon. According to this ideology, man begins to mature when he begins to abandon his childish and immature notions about the world, or in other words, his religious-mystical preoccupations. Eventually he becomes an adult and begins to discover a type of God in himself. But in this way, positivism itself begins to develop its own religious and mystical traits while at the same time conducting a fierce battle with a religious conception of the world. These ideas come especially to the fore in the later works of Conte. In these works, the philosopher stipulates that although sociology is at the absolute pinnacle of the sciences, there is yet another level, still higher than all these - and that is the domain of the so-called religion of mankind.
AUGUSTE CONTE, POSITIVISM, SCIENCE AND RELIGION
Исаков П. С. Роль М. А. Рейснера в подготовке Декрета об отделении церкви от государства и школы от церкви // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2021. Вып. 98. С. 106-117. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202198.106-117
This article deals with one of the key events in the history of relations between the state and religious denominations in Russia, i.e. preparing the decree on the separation of the church from the state and the school from the church. This decree determined the main principles and directions of activities of the state as to the church. The article shows the role of M.A. Reusner, the prominent scholar and lawyer, in the preparation of the decree, identifi es his actual role in the process of designing the document. Using documentary materials and academic works of Prof. M.A. Reusner himself, the article analyses his contribution to the development of the decree. The article also assesses the historical role of the scholar in the committee which prepared the decree as well as the influence of his expert and personal opinions on the formulation of specifi c provisions of the decree. The main conclusion of the study is that Prof. Reusner, who was a renowned scholar and lawyer involved in the work of the decree was not its actual ideologist.
state-confessional relations, decrees of Soviet authorities, freedom of conscience, relations between state and church, religious legislation, M. Reusner
  1. Alpyspaeva G. (2019) “Arkhivnye istochniki o realizatsii Dekreta ‘Ob otdelenii tserkvi ot gosudarstva i shkoly ot tserkvi’ v Kazahstane v 1920-e gody (na materialakh Akmolinskogo uezda)” [Archival sources on the implementation of the decree “On separation of church from state, and school from church” in Kazakhstan in the 1920s (based on materials of Akmola district)]. Moscow: Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 90, p. 39–54 (in Russian).
  2. Kashevarov A. (2007) “Razrabotka na Pomestnom sobore 1917–1918 ofi tsial’noi pozitsii Pravoslavnoi tserkvi v otnoshenii Sovetskoi vlasti i ee religioznoi politiki” [The Regional Council of 1917–1918 and its role in working out the offi cial position of the Orthodox Church towards the Soviet state and its religious policy]. Vestnik SPbGU. Seriia 2. Istoriia, 2, p. 48–60 (in Russian).
  3. Kirichenko M. (1987) “Gosudarstvo i tserkov‘. K istorii leninskogo dekreta” [The state and the church. To the history of Lenin’s decree]. Nauka i religiia, 4, (in Russian)
  4. Leonov S. (2016) “Nachalo antitserkovnogo terrora v period Oktiabr’skoi revoliutsii” [The beginning of anti-church terror during the October revolution]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia 2. Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoy Pravoslavnoy Tserkvi, 6 (73), p. 69-90. (in Russian)
  5. Petrov S. (2015) “Otnoshenie Pravoslavnoi Rossiiskoi Tserkvi k bol’shevikam v 1917–1918 v sovremennoi istoriografi i” [The relation of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Bolsheviks in 1917–1918 in modern historiography]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia II: Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 3 (64), p. 31–43 (in Russian).
  6. Safonov A. (2017) Gosudarstvo i konfessii v pozdneimperskoi Rossii: pravovye aspekty vzaimootnoshenii [The state and religions in late Imperial Russia: legal aspects of the relationship]. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Sipeikin A. (2016) “Antireligioznaia i antitserkovnaia politika sovetskoi vlasti: 1917–1920” [The Soviet antireligious and antichurch policy: 1917–1920]. Vestnik TvGU. Seriya: Istoriya, 4, p. 16–38 (in Russian).
  8. Skibina O. (2016) Gosudarstvenno-pravovye vzgliady M.A. Reisnera [State-legal views of M. A. Reusner]. Belgorod (in Russian).
  9. Smirnov N. (ed.) (1958) Voprosy istorii religii i ateizma: Sbornik statei [Issues in the history of religion and atheism], vol. 5. Moscow (in Russian).
  10. Sokolov A. (2014) Gosudarstvo i Pravoslavnaia tserkov’ v Rossii, fevral’ 1917 — ianvar’ 1918 [The state and the Orthodox church in Russia, February 1917 — January 1918]. St Petersburg (in Russian).
  11. Tsypin V. (2010) Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi. Sinodal’nyi i noveishii periody [History of the Russian Orthodox Church. Synodal and recent periods]. Moscow (in Russian).
  12. Vishkvartsev V. (2019) “Gosudarstvenno-pravovye i religioznye vzglady M.A. Reisnera na nravstvennost’” [Mikhail A. Risner’s state-legal and religious views on morality (the end of the 19th century)]. Actual problems of Russian law, 2019, p. 34–43 (in Russian).
  13. Vorobiev V., Miliakova L. (eds) (2016) Otdelenie Tserkvi ot gosudarstva i shkoly ot Tserkvi v Sovetskoi Rossii. Oktiabr’ 1917–1918 g. Sbornik dokumentov» [Separation of church from state and school from church in Soviet Russia. October 1917–1918. Collection of documents]. Moscow (in Russian).
Isakov Pavel
Student status: Graduate student;
Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Place of study: National Research University Higher School of Economics; 20 Miasnitskaya Str., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-1405-5024;
Email: ps.isakov@mail.ru.
Гусакова В. О. Понятия «идеал» и «жизненный путь» как концепты духовно-нравственного воспитания школьников на современном этапе // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2022. Вып. 65. С. 49-62. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202265.49-62
In the article «The Religion and philosophical bases of the content the spiritual and moral education of the pupils today» is given the pedagogical substantiation of the expediency of education to the religious and philosophical thought of Russia as to bases for staffing of the content of the spiritual and moral education of contemporary pupils. The relevance of this content consists in the need for comprehension by the schoolboys of anthropological ideal and sense of life of man in the period of pluralism in the choice of values and behavioral stereotypes. Age-related education to the values, which are stored in the traditions of orthodox culture and by those being been the object of religious and philosophical thought, being been the object of religious and philosophical thought, through the study of the works of Russian literature and art, makes possible for pupils to master the ideal of humanity of Jesus Christ and to see moral guidances in life of the saints at four levels: literal (lowest, simplest), semiotic, moral and highest anagogical. Appealing to the religious and philosophical thought in orthodox culture is caused by the presence in orthodoxy of the appeared anthropological ideal – God-man Jesus Christ. For the effectiveness of this mastering one should integrate verbal and painterly or icon-painterly images in the didactic unit. Special position in the article is given to the idea of the transfiguration of man, which at the literal and semiotic levels they be present in the fairy tales, and finds expression on the moral and anagogical levels in the works of literature, and to the theme of the beauty, in developed in detail in the religious and philosophical heritage. The disclosure of the theme of beauty occurs on the basis of reflection above the means of Jesus Christ in the works by F. M. Dostoyevsky and K. D. Ushinsky, and also based on the example of picture A. A. Ivanov « The Appearance of Christ Before the People». So that the acquaintance of pupils with the religious and philosophical thought would be organic and valuable necessary to acquaint them with the traditions of orthodox culture by the means of literature and art and from the early years to bring up the aesthetical perception of peace and value relation to its manifestations.
spiritual and moral education, life path, anthropological ideal, pupils, idea, literature, art
  1. Kazin A. (2014) Homo Russicus. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  2. Kliuchevskii V. (2003) Drevnerusskie zhitiia sviatykh kak istoricheskii istochnik [Old Russian lives of saints as a historical source]. Moscow (in Russian).
  3. Kontseptsiia dukhovno-nravstvennogo razvitiia i vospitaniia grazhdanina Rossii [Doctrine of spiritual and moral education of the citizen of Russia] (2009). Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Lepakhin V. (2002) Ikona i ikonichnost̓ [Icon and iconicity]. St. Petersburg (in Russian).
  5. Ushinskii K. (1950) Materialy k tret′emu tomu “Pedagogicheskoi antropologii” [Materials for the 3rd volume of “Educational anthropology”], in Sobranie sochinenii [Collected works], vol. 10. Moscow; Leningrad (in Russian).
  6. Vinogradov I. (ed.) (2001) Aleksandr Ivanov v pis̓makh, dokumentakh, vospominaniiakh [Alexander Ivanov in letters, records, memoirs]. Moscow (in Russian).
Gusakova Victoria
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
ORCID: 0000-0002-2924-6886;
Email: victoryspb78@mail.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.