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Рязанова С. В. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 6 (62). С. 144-150. — Rev. op.: Белякова Н. А., Добсон М. Женщины в евангельских общинах послевоенного СССР. 1940-1980-е гг.: Исследование и источники. Индрик, 2015
Клюева В. П., Рязанова С. В. Молитвенные практики в пятидесятнической среде: религиозная коммуникация ≪по вертикали≫ // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 2 (64). С. 90-102. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201664.90-102
The main tendencies in evolution of Protestantism, taking into account variety of its currents are analyzed: an individualization of personal religious experience, high intensity of religious life, an actual inclusiveness in life of community of believers, strengthening of mystical orientation of cult practice. Factors of increase in missionary potential of Protestantism are defined. The concept of religious communication as two-way communication between the person and God on the example of praying practices of the Russian Pentecostals in communities of classical and new Pentecostals of the Urals, Tyumen district and Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug-Yugra is specified. The main vectors of religious communication are defined. The ratio of prayers, readings the Bible and glorification is established. Specifics of Pentecostal prayers, taking into account existence appellative (prayers about healing and blessings) and explicative (a prayer in languages, a glossolaliya) parts are marked out. Classification praying practices in forms (individual and collective) and to types is made (general/abstract or target). Specifi cs and a ratio of individual and collective prayers are especially analyzed. The special attention is paid to a glossolaliya as a peculiar feature of the Pentecostal movement, both classical, and a charismatic version. Rate of pronouncing prayers of a different target orientation is investigated. Basic formulas for prayers of blessings and gratitude are defi ned. Specifi c character of a prayer about healing in the Pentecostal environment is marked out. The role of the mystical address to God as unique emotion for this type of the communication giving the chance of personal contact with the sacral is considered. It is noted that participation in prayful practicians carries out the adapting function, realizing need of the believer for implementation of religious experience within community of believers, and compensatory, liquidating a condition of psychological discomfort.
Protestantism, Evolution of Religion, Modern Protestantism, Pentecostals, Charismatic Churches, Prayer, Classification of Prayers, Religious Communication, Glossolalia.

1. Andreeva L. Jekstaticheskie obrjady v praktikah nekotoryh rossijskih konfessij, ili Izmenennye formy soznanija (Ecstatical Rites in Practice of Some Russian Religions, or Changed Consciousness Forms), in http://www.religare.ru/2_19172.html (Date: 12. 09. 2015)).
2. Bobyreva E. V. Religioznyj diskurs: cennosti, zhanry, strategii: Avtoref. dis. d-ra filol. nauk (Religious Discourse: Values, Genres, Strategies: Dissertation Abstract), Volgograd, 2007.
3. Bobyreva E. V. 2013 “Sfery funkcionirovanija i osobennosti religioznogo diskursa” (Functional Spheres and Features of Religious Discourse), in Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovanija, 2013, vol. 5, pp. 296–298.
4. Voronaev I. E. 1928 “O molitve“ (About Prayer), in Evangelist, 1928, vol. 3–4. S. 3–8.
5. Gavrilov O. F., Gavrilov E. O. 2015 “Osobennosti religioznoj kommunikacii v sovremennoj Rossii” (Features of Religious Communication in Modern Russia), in Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2015, vol. 1–2/61, pp. 198–202.
6. D'jachkova N. A. 2013 “Religioznyj i svetskij diskurs: Problemy kommunikacii” (Religious and Secular Discourse: Communication Problems), in Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2013. № 37 (328). S. 34–36.
7. Elenskij V. Hristianstvo v XX veke: Uroki vyzhivanija (Christianity in XX Century: Survival Lessons), in http://www.chestisvet.ru/index.php4?id=25&otv=230 (Date: 12. 09. 2015)).
8. Ermakova E. 2011 “Iscelenie v srede hristian very evangel'skoj” (Healing in Sphere of Evangelicals), in Jetnograficheskoe obozrenie, 2011, vol. 3, pp. 31–39.
9. Zhelnovakova M. F. 2013 “Sistema vneshnih religioznyh kommunikacij v Rossii” (Outer Religious Communications System in Russia), in Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija, 2013, vol. 3, p. 406.
10. Ickovich T. V. 2014 “Raznojazychie v sfere religioznoj kommunikacii” (Different Languages in Sphere of Religious Communication), in Aktual'nye problemy filologii i pedagogicheskoj lingvistiki, 2014, vol. 16, pp. 185–188.
11. Kljueva V. P., Poplavskij R. O., Bobrov I. V. Pjatidesjatniki v Jugre (na primere obshhin RO CHVE HMAO) (Pentecostarians in Jugra (on Example of RO CHVE HMAO Communities)), Saint-Petersburg, 2013.
12. Lunkin R. 2009 “Protestantizm i globalizacija na prostorah Evrazii” (Protestantism and Globalization in Eurasian Space), in Religija i globalizacija na prostorah Evrazii, Moscow, 2009, pp. 91–125.
13. Mitrohin L. N. Baptisty v sovetskom obshhestve (Baptists in Soviet Society), in http://gn.h1.ru/lib/germ/lm.html (Date: 12.09.2015)).
14. Rjazanova S. V., Mihaleva A. V. Fenomen zhenskoj religioznosti v postsovetskom prostranstve (regional'nyj srez) (Phenomenon of Women Religiosity in Post-Soviet Space (Regional Cut)), Perm, 2011.
15. Fedorova M. V. 2014 “Religioznaja kommunikacija: sushhnost' i specifika sovremennogo sostojanija” (Religious Communication: Essence and Specifics of Modern State), in Science Time, 2014, vol. 4/4, pp. 230–240.
16. Fallding H. 1978 “Mainline Protestantism in Canada and The United States of America: An Overview”, in The Canadian Journal of Sociology, 1978, vol. 3/2, pp. 141–160.
17. Gross T. 2003 “Protestantism and Modernity: The Implications of Religious Change in Contemporary Rural Oaxaca”, in Sociology of Religion, 2003, vol. 64/4, pp. 479–498.
18. Leach W. H. 1922 “The Weakness of Protestantism in American Cities”, in The Journal of Religion, 1922, vol 2/6, pp. 616–623.
19. McNeill J. Th. 1926 “The Interpretation of Protestantism during the Past-Quarter Century”, in The Journal of Religion, 1926, vol. 6/5, pp. 504–525.
20. Means R. L. 1966 “Protestantism and American Sociology: Problems of Analysis”, in Sociological Analysis, 1966, vol. 27/3, pp. 128–137.
Klyueva Vera
Ryazanova Svetlana
Рязанова С. В. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 5 (67). С. 142-146. — Rev. op.: Фадеев И. А. Церковь Англии: проблема конфессиональной самоидентификации в исторической перспективе. Маска, 2015
Riazanova Svetlana
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Senior-researcher, Perm Scientifi c Center of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences;
Email: email: svet-ryazanova@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Рязанова С. В. Выбор Православия в условиях мировоззренческого плюрализма (Пермский край) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2018. Вып. 76. С. 130-144. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201876.130-144
The religious choice as part of the process of conversion constitutes the border beyond which the change of individual worldview takes place. In the social perspective, the conversion leads to the change of religious identity and an affi liation to a certain religious institution. Proselytising activity and personal factors can act as incentives of conversion. The appeal to religion as part of the process of self-design of the individual is one of the steps that determine one’s own religiousness. This act can be prolonged in time and can be made under the infl uence of a number of internal and external factors. At the same time, the fact of implementation of the religious choice acts as a point which allows one to record the change in one’s worldview. In conditions of pluralism of beliefs in the former Soviet Union, the choice of religion implanted in tradition is caused by a set of objective and subjective factors. In order to achieve the goal of the research, methods of the qualitative sociology including the explanation of motives of actions and intentions through communicative interaction with the subject have been used. The analysis of a series of interviews became the basis for the determination of hierarchy of motives and incentives for making the religious choice possible. For Orthodoxy, these are the established way of life, existence of family traditions, fashion trends, stereotypes of everyday consciousness referring to traditional character of religious consciousness.
religion, Orthodoxy, modern religiousness, individualism, conversion, religious choice, believers, Perm’ Region
  1. “The Emergence of Conversion in a Hindu-Buddhist Polytropy: The Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, c. 1600‒1995”, in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, 47/4, 2005, 755–780.
  2. Ardasheva L., “Osnovnye paradigmy v izuchenii religioznogo obrashhenij a”, in: Religiovedenie, 2, 2013, 150–161.
  3. Asad T., “The Construction of Religion as an Anthropological Category”, in: Lambek M., ed., A reader in the anthropology of religion, Malden, 2006, 110–126.
  4. Baer M. D., Honored by the Glory of Islam: Conversion and Conquest in Ottoman Europe, New York, 2008.
  5. Borovik I., “Institutional and private religion in Poland”, in: New religious phenomena in Central and Eastern Europe, Krakow, 1997, 235-255.
  6. Buckser A., Glazier St. D., The Anthropology of Religious Conversion, Lanham (MD), 2003.
  7. Bulanova I., “Specifi ka religioznosti v zavisimosti ot tipa religioznoj konversii”, in: Vestnik LGU, 5, 2014,146–155.
  8. Bulliet W., Conversion to Islam in the Medieval Period: An Essay in Quantitative History, Cambridge (MA), 1979.
  9. Cleary E. L., “The Catholic Charismatic Renewal: Revitalization Movements and Conversion”, in: Conversion of a Continent: Religious Change in Latin America, New Brunswick (NJ), 2008, 153–173.
  10. Dobbelaere K., “Assesing secularization theory”, in: New Approaches to the Study of Religion, Berlin, 2, 2004, 229–253.
  11. Farhadian Ch. E., “Conversion”, in: Lindsay J., ed., Encyclopedia of Religion, Detroit (MI), 3, 2005,15–24.
  12. Folieva T. A., “Racional’nyj / intellektual’nyj tipy religioznogo obrashhenija”, in: Psihologij a religii: mezhdu teoriej i jempirikoj, Moscow, 2015, 121–136.
  13. Gooren G., Religious Conversion and Disaffi liation: Tracing Patterns of Change in Faith Practices, New York, 2010.
  14. Hefner R., ed., Conversion to Christianity: Historical and Anthropological Perspectives on a Great Transformation, Berkeley, Los Angeles, 1993.
  15. Heredia R. K., “Interrogations from the Margins: Conversion as Critique”, in: History and Sociology of South Asia, 5/2, 2011, 83–102.
  16. Ignat’ev A., “Pjat’ bazovyh konceptov sociologii religii”, in: Sociologicheskoe obozrenie, 13/3, 2014, 155–170.
  17. Ipatova L., “Teorii religioznogo obrashhenija”, in: Religiovedenie, 4, 2006, 88–101.
  18. Kisala R., “Urbanization and religion”, in: New Approaches to the Study of Religion, Berlin, 2, 2004, 255–274.
  19. Köse A., Conversion to Islam: A Study of Native British Converts, London, 1996.
  20. Köse A., Loewenthal K. M., “Conversion Motifs among British Converts to Islam”, in: International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2, 2000, 101–110.
  21. Ljubimova A., “Teorii religioznoj konversii i novye religioznye dvizhenij a v Rossii”, in: Vestnik RHGA, 10/1, 2009, 70–74.
  22. Lofl and J., Stark R., “Becoming a World-Saver: A Theory of Conversion to a Deviant Perspective”, in: American Sociological Review, 30, 1965, 862–875.
  23. McGinty A. M., Becoming Muslim: Western Women’s Conversion to Islam, New York, 2006.
  24. Ostrovskaja E. A., “Mnozhestvennye sovremennosti ortodoksal’nogo evrejstva Sankt- Peterburga”, in: SOCIS, 5, 2017, 93–102.
  25. Rambo L. R., “Conversion: Toward a Holistic Model of Religious Change”, in: Pastoral Psychology, 38, 1989, 47–63.
  26. Rambo L. R., “Current Research on Religious Conversion”, in: Religious Studies Review, 8/2, 1982, 146–159.
  27. Rambo L. R., “Theories of Conversion”, in: Social Compass, 46/3, 1999, 259–271.
  28. Rambo L. R., Farhadian Ch. E. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Religious Conversion, New York, 2014.
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Ryazanova Svetlana
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Perm’ National Research University; Perm’ Research Centre of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; 15 Bukireva Str., Perm’ 614990, Russian Federation;
Post: Leading Research Fellow, Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5387-9387;
Email: svet-ryazanova@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.
Рязанова С. В. Закрытые сообщества как феномен современной религиозной жизни // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2021. Вып. 96. С. 119-135. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202196.119-135
This study is devoted to the phenomenon of modern religious communities, which in the course of gradual evolution acquire the form of isolated from the outside world. The state of isolation is considered as a result of the infl uence of external and internal factors. Particular attention is paid to the personality of the leader of a religious group as a carrier of charismatic qualities and to their consolidating principle. The objects of research attention are two religious organisations that have existed for thirty years in the territory of Perm′ region (the Church of the God’s Family and the Intercession Fraternity). These groups realise two fundamentally diff erent ways of interpreting Christian doctrine and two diff erent strategies for living in a social space. At the same time, they are similar in the style of religious life and the principles of organisation of the followers. The aim of the study was to determine the mechanism for the formation of isolated religious communities in contemporary society. For this, the main stages in the evolution of the religious doctrines of both organisations were identifi ed to justify the opposition to the surrounding world; specifi c features of cult practice have been identifi ed, which reinforce the changes taking place in communities; a set of external factors that can stimulate the ghettoisation of a group have been identifi ed. Several types of information sources were used as fi eld materials. For the Church of the God’s Family the data from a longitudinal project (1996–2019) were used, covering the materials of the participant observations (1996–1997, 2007– 2008), data of a questionnaire survey (2007), data from interviews with leaders and members of the group (2007, 2018–2019), literature published by the church and the statutory documents of the organisation. For the reconstruction and analysis of the situation in the Intercession Fraternity, materials from a series of interviews with one of the founders of the community and former believers were employed. As additional and verifying materials, data from a closed group on a social network and data from journalistic investigations (2016–2019), audio recordings of community seminars and workbooks of the group were used.
modern religiosity, isolated religious communities, Family of God’s Church, Intersession Fraternity
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Ryazanova Svetlana
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Perm’ Research Centre of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences; 15 Bukireva Str., Perm’ 614990, Russian Federation;
Post: leading research fellow, professor;
ORCID: 0000-0001-5387-9387;
Email: svet-ryazanova@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.