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Рыжова О. О. Иконопись Киева XVIII века: мастерские и сохранившиеся произведения // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2013. Вып. 1 (10). С. 110-135.
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In the present publication offers an overview of icon painting in Kiev, in the XVIII century. Studying literature, call pictorial icon-painting workshops, working in Kiev, in the XVIII century. Based on field studies of museum collections of the National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Preserve (NKPIKZ), the National Art Museum of Ukraine (NAMU), National Reserve Sophia Cathedral (NZSK) Identify the product, coming out of the workshops. The survey surviving works iconography Kiev XVIII century iconostasis includes both systems and individual icons. The criteria for selection of works for the study were dated and removable inscriptions on monuments, archival documents (inventory, inventory books), confirming the origin of the Kiev monuments. As a result of research carried out for the first time a comprehensive study of the surviving works of iconography Kiev XVIII century. Substantial body of Kiev monuments iconography XVIII century, having a fixed Kiev and comprehensive study of the origins, becomes established as a base and is available for a wide range of researchers
Kiev of the XVIII century, icon-painting workshops in Kiev XVIII century, iconostasis in Kiev XVIII century, icons in Kiev XVIII century
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Рыжова О. О. Особенности иконографии икон «Воздвижение Честнаго Креста» из иконостаса церкви Воздвижения Честнаго Креста Свято-Успенской Киево-Печерской Лавры // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 29. С. 77-91. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201829.77-91
This article provides an analysis of iconography of the two icons “Exaltation of the Holy Cross” (1700 and 1756) from the iconostasis of the church of Exaltation of the Holy Cross at Kiev-Pechersk Lavra Near Caves. As an analogy, we refer to the icon of St. Varlaam’s Life (1691) from the old iconostasis of the underground church of St. Varlaam of Pechersk in the Near Caves and the engravings from books of the 17th century printed at Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. As a result of the study, we have identifi ed the features characteristic of the iconography of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross in the icon-painting of Kiev-Pechers Lavra of the late 17th — 18th centuries. The icons’ variation of composition has a narrative character. Painting narrative unfolds in the seven stamps, each of them presenting an episode from the narrative about the search and acquisition of the Life-Giving Cross. The picturesque stamps are grouped around the central composition with the image of St. Constantine and Helen, standing before the Cross. St. Anthony, St. Theodosius and St. Varlaam of Pechersk and the picture of the monastic assembly in the stamp “Exaltation of the Holy Cross” are imaged in the lower part of the icon, which is connected with the fact that metropolitan Varlaam (Yasinsky) established the feast of the Councils of the Reverend Fathers of the Near (on the fi rst Saturday after the feast of the Exaltation of the Cross of the Lord) and the Far Caves. This circumstance indicates the desire of the author of the iconographic programme of the icon to incorporate events of the history of the monastery into the history of Christianity and, by means of this, to relate to the dominant scheme, namely the Glorifi cation of the Cross. And, conversely, the primary theme, which is refl ecting the history of the veneration of the Cross, is linked to the history of the monastery. Taking into account all the above-mentioned, one can claim that the narratology and historicism as conceptions of the visual narrative constitute a characteristic feature of the iconography of the icon-painting of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra of the late 17th — 18th centuries. The literary foundation of the visual narrative is “The Legend of the Exaltation of the Honest and Life-Giving Cross of the Lord” by St. Dimitry of Rostov. The narratological scheme of composition in icon-painting of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra developed under the infl uence of engravings in Lives of saints. The closest iconographic analogies to the compositions of the icon stamps are plots of the fresco cycles of Cyprus churches of the 15th — 16th centuries, namely the churches of the Monastery of the Holy Cross near Platanistasa (1494), the Church of the Exaltation of the Cross in Kiperunda (1521), the Church of the Blessed Virgin Hrisopantanassa in Paleochori (16th century).
Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, icons, iconography, engraving, frescos, Cyprus churches of 15th-16th centuries
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Ryzhova Olga
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Art Criticism;
Place of work: National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve; 9 Lavrskaia Str., Kiev 1000, Ukraine;
Post: Leading research associate the scientific restoration and conservation department;
ORCID: 0000-0003-2270-9419;
Email: rizova@ua.fm. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
Рыжов А. Н. «Допустить к лекциям наравне с мужчинами». Статистика женского среднего и высшего образования в начале XX века // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2022. Вып. 64. С. 32-51. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV202264.32-51
The proposed article attempts to expand modern ideas about the scale of development of women's education in Russia on the eve of the events of 1917. The results obtained during the analysis of several hundred archival and published sources fill in the gaps in statistical information reflecting the development of education in the pre-revolutionary period, and eliminate inaccuracies and errors encountered in research. Such an expansion of the informational boundaries of women's education will be presented by examples of the dynamics of the growth in the number of secondary and higher educational institutions and the number of women studying in them, the accessibility of these educational institutions for representatives of different social groups. The structure of the presentation of factual material makes it possible to characterize the dynamics and direction of the government's efforts in the field of women's education in the Russian Empire. The proposed data are of an overview and statistical nature and are preliminary results of the conducted research. The results presented for the first time allow us to take a fresh look not only at the history of the development of women's education in our country, to assess the scale of this development, but also to revise the well-established cliches about the infringement of women's rights to receive secondary and higher education.
Russia at the beginning of the XX century, history of education, women's education, education statistics, accessibility of education, the number of students
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  4. Kodzhaspirov G. (ed.) (2021) Pedagogika vysshei shkoly: uchebnoe posobie. Moscow (in Russian).
Ryzhov Alexey
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in Education;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Moscow City Pedagogical University; Moscow, Russia;
Post: Associate Professor;
ORCID: 0000-0002-8953-2884;
Email: ranik2006@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.