Прокофьева Е. А. Педагогическая деятельность и взгляды С. С. Гогоцкого: к 200-летию со дня рождения // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2013. Вып. 3 (30). С. 84-92.
The article presents pedagogical views and activities of S.S. Gogotsky, the representative of the Kiev philosophy school in the middle of XIX century. Gogotsky for a long time lectured philosophy(as well as Polish and German languages) at the Kiev Clerical Academy, and pedagogy at the Imperial University of St. Vladimir, where he headed the Pedagogics department. In the second half of the XIX century Gogotsky was known first of all as the author of «Philosophical lexicon» — the fi rst multivolume philosophical dictionary in Russia, an outstanding phenomenon in the Russian philosophical literature. Soviet pedagogy forgot his name, but now an interest in his art revives. S.S. Gogotsky passed his pedagogical and philosophical views not only to his University students, but also to the future teachers from his classes at the Higher women's courses, where he was the fi rst Director. His pedagogical works were synthesized from several Sciences: philosophy, pedagogy and psychology. They were founded on a humanistic basis of the Christian worldview. Pedagogy for Gogotsky was not a synonym for «education»; he considered it as «a science of an educational upbringing». Gogotsky considered the task of pedagogy as a development of the human forces and capabilities, which will allow any person develops and self-educates successfully. One of the most important stages of the pedagogical process was a religious upbringing and education. The industrial revolution in Russia in the second half of the XIX century put scientific achievementsin a basis of development and existence of the society. Nevertheless, Gogotsky hoped that the Religious foundation could save a harmonious personality in man, and, ultimately, to save humanity from the chaos and self-destruction.
S. S. Gogotsky, philosophy, pedagogic, medical`s science, psychology, Kiev philosophy school, education, spiritual education, history of pedagogics, progress
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Прокофьева Е. А., Чмелева Е. В. Взгляды Н. И. Пирогова на воспитание детей // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2013. Вып. 4 (31). С. 102-112.
The article analyzes some pedagogical ideas of an outstanding surgeon, pedagogue, supervisor of the Kiev and Odessa educational districts N. I. Pirogov, expressed by him in his works: a view on the early specialization of children, an attitude to punishments in general and to corporal punishments, in particular, an argument about the moral principle in the upbringing, the study of children's nature and others. The ideas, expressed by N. I. Pirogov in the works considered in this article, do logically continue his pedagogical theory to be found in his fundamental and programme-aimed work "Problems of Life". The aim of the Russian Pedagogy and the Russian School has always been upbringing of a Person, being able to subjugate the material side of Life to the side of Life, moral and spiritual. Being engaged in the school problems in practice as a supervisor of the educational districts, N. I. Pirogov was a categorical opponent of corporal punishments, quite justifiably considering that a fear of such humiliates the pupil, causing him to be irresponsible for his deeds, but rather to lie and use every subterfuge, what leads to a great damage of an upbringing of Man within a man. Likewise the early specialization of schoolchildren doesn't lead to the main aim of Pedagogy, as it primarily is aimed at career achievements and detriments the child's spiritual development. N. I. Pirogov was one of the first researchers to express a thought, worth of being recollected today: youth requires a respectable, dearing, and sensitive attitude to itself; every student is very individual, and the task of the teacher is to understand this individuality. The pedagogical heritage of N. I. Pirogov has not lost its importance till to-day and may be of a considerable interest for the theory and practice the modern Pedagogy.
Prokofeva Elena Anatolyevna
Chmeleva Elena Viktorovna
Chmeleva Elena Viktorovna