/
Search results


Полуднева Е. И. К вопросу анализа изображений светских византийских одежд в миниатюрах Кодекса Гертруды // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 30. С. 52-65. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201830.52-65
This article deals with the analysis of the representations of secular Byzantine costume in the miniatures of the illuminated manuscript of the second half of the 11th century Codex Gertrudianus. Codex miniatures are an important part of art legacy of medieval Rus’; however, the questions of dating, authorship and iconographic programme of the miniatures still remain controversial. This paper looks at some issues of the iconographic programme and authorship of the miniatures being based on the method of analysis of secular attire. The novelty of the research is conditioned by the lack of studies dealing with secular attire depicted in the miniatures. In particular, the analysis of the Byzantine secular attire allows us to argue in favour of the version according to which Gertrude’s patron St. Helene is depicted in the miniature “Gertrude is praying to Apostle Peter”. The paper off ers proofs that the artist was perfectly familiar with the Byzantine iconographic canon of depicting Byzantine imperial costume. At the same time, the paper points to the archaic, non-typical and misinterpreted elements of the Byzantine attire of the second half of the 11th century which show that the artist was probably not familiar with some peculiarities of the Byzantine imperial costume. The author of the paper proposes that the artist who painted the miniatures was not a Romaios but studied from Byzantine masters.
Codex Gertrudianus, Gertrude’s Prayer Book, Old Russian book miniature, Byzantine costume, historical costume, costume of 11th century, pictorial sources
  1. Ball J. L., Byzantine dress: representations of secular dress in eighth-to twelfth-century painting, Palgrave MacMillan, 2005.
  2. Dawson T., By the Emperor’s hand: Military dress and court regalia in the later Roman-Byzantine Empire, Frontline Books, 2015.
  3. Kazhdan A., ed. in chief, The Oxford dictionary of Byzantium in 3 volums, New York·Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  4. Kondakov N. P., Izobrazhenia russkoi kniazheskoi sem’i v miniatiurah XI veka, St. Petersburg: Imp. Akad. nauk, 1906.
  5. Kürbis B., “Miniatury – próba nowej interpretacji”, in: Molitwy księżnej Gertrudy z Psalterza Egberta z Kalendarzem, Wyd.: Małgorzata H. Malewicz, Brygida Kürbis. Kraków, 2002. (Monumenta Sacra Polonorum. T. II), 50–62.
  6. Lazarev V. N., Istoriia vizantiiskoi zhivopisi, Moscow: Art, 1986.
  7. Maguire H., ed., “Byzantine court culture from 829 to 1204”, in: Papers from a symposium held in April, 1994. Washington D.C.: Dumbarton oaks research library and collection, 1997.
  8. Mertsalova M. N., Kostium raznyh vremen i narodov, Vol. 1, Moscow, Akademiia mody Publ.; St. Petersburg, Chart Pilot Publ., 2001.
  9. Parani M., “Cultural identity and dress: the case of late byzantine ceremonial costume”, in: Jahrbuch der österreichischen byzantinistik, 57, Band, 2007, 95–134.
  10. Parani M., “The romanos ivory and the Tokali Kilise: imperial costume as a tool for dating Byzantine art”, in: Cahiers Archéologiques, 49, 2001, 15–28.
  11. Popova O. S., “Miniatyury kodeksa Gertrudy v krugu vizantiiskogo iskusstva vtoroy poloviny XI v.”, in: Vizantiyskii vremennik, LXVII (XCII), 2008, 176–193.
  12. Sapatharakis I., The portrait in byzantine illuminated manuscripts, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976.
  13. Sauerland H. V., Haseloff A., Der Psalter Erzbischof Egberts von Trier. Codex Gertrudianus in Cividale, Trier, 1901.
  14. Sili Sh., “Kodeks Gertrudy: Ch. II. Utochnenie datirovki”, in: Drevniaia Rus. Voprosy medievistiki, № 4 (58), 2014, 64–74.
  15. Sili Sh., “Kodeks Gertrudy: Ch.I. Novoe prochtenie ikonografi cheskoi programmy”, in: Drevniaia Rus. Voprosy medievistiki, № 3 (57), September, 2014, 90–109.
  16. Smirnova E. S., “Miniatyury XI i nachala XII v. v molitvennike knyagini Gertrudy. Programma, datirovka, mastera”, in: Drevnerusskoe iskusstvo. Iskusstvo rukopisnoi knigi. Vizantiia. Drevnyaia Rus, St. Petersburg, 2004, 73–106.
  17. Tsamakda V., The illustrated chronicle of Ioannes Skylitzes in Madrid, Leiden: Alexandros press, 2002.
Poludneva Evgeniya
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Far Eastern Federal University; 8 Sukhanova Str., Vladivostok 690090, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0523-8937;
Email: e.poludneva@mail.ru.