Search results

Перекатов А. В. «Черные вороны»: конфликт духовенства и театрального сообщества (1907 г.) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2021. Вып. 98. С. 60-73. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202198.60-73
The article examines the main episodes in the struggle of prominent representatives of the Orthodox clergy to prohibit V. Protopopov’s play Black Ravens (1907) in the Russian Empire, using materials from pre-revolutionary periodicals. Written by the popular journalist and playwright Viktor Protopopov (1866–1916), the play Black Ravens was of an accusatory nature and, according to the author himself, was directed against the semi-fraudulent groups parasitising on the popular veneration of Fr. John of Kronstadt. Based on the analysis of the play and other sources, the article attempts to prove that its accusatory pathos was directed not so much against the swindlers as against the Kronstadt shepherd personally and against the traditional church in general. The ascetic tension of the religious life of Revd. Ioann Sergiev and his followers, combined with a fi rm commitment to the established forms of church ritual, were perceived by some representatives of Russian intellectual society as a manifestation of fanaticism and cultural backwardness. Many of them considered it their civic duty to fight this “cultural backwardness”. In turn, the admirers of the Kronstadt pastor tried to protect, by all available means, their spiritual values and religious feelings. The indiscretion in the choice of means and the excessive emotionality of the main participants in the struggle for the prohibition of the play caused some reputational damage and complicated the Russian Orthodox Church’s already diffi cult relations with society.The factors were used by its implacable enemies in propaganda purposes. Consideration of the confl ict between the clergy and the theater community around the Black Ravens, with an analysis of its causes and consequences, seems relevant in the context of today’s public debate over the use of symbols and plots on the theater stage and in cinematography that off end (deliberately or accidentally) the feelings of believers.
«Black Ravens», V. V. Protopopov, John of Kronstadt, “Ioannites”, Bishop Germogen (Dolganev), Archpriest Ioann Vostorgov, Tolstoy’s religious doctrine
  1. Basinsky P. (2013) Svyatoj protiv Lva: Ioann Kronshtadtskij i Lev Tolstoj: istoria odnoy vrazhdy [Saint against Leo: John of Kronstadt and Leo Tolstoy: the story of one enmity]. Moscow (in Russian).
  2. Zimina N. (2010) “K voprosu ob ioannitskom dvizhenii v Russkoj Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi i vozniknovenii v kontse 1920-h gg. katakombnogo techenia “arhiepiskopa” Agafangela (Sadovskova)” [Towards the question about the movement of “ioannitstvo” in the Russian Orthotodox Church and the beginning of its catacomb movement under the direction of “archbishop” Agafangel (Sadovskov) in the 1920s.] // Bulletin of PSTGU. Ser. 2: History. History of the Russian Orthodox Church, no. 4 (37) (in Russian).
  3. Kitsenko N.(2006) Svyatoj nashego vremeni: Otets Ioann Kronshtadtskij i russkij narod [Saint of our time: Father John of Kronstadt and the Russian people]. Moscow (in Russian).
  4. Orekhanov G. (2016) Lev Tolstoj. “Prorok bez chesti”: hronika katastrofy [Leo Tolstoy. «The Prophet Without Honor»: A Chronicle of the Catastrophe]. Moscow, 2016 (in Russian).
  5. Stepanov A., Ivanov A. (2008) Chernaya sotnya. Istoricheskaya ehntsiklopedia 1900–1917 [Black Hundred. Historical Encyclopedia 1900–1917]. Moscow (in Russian).
Perekatov Andrey
Place of work: независимый исследователь;
ORCID: 0000-0003-2094-5311;
Email: avp1875@mail.ru.