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Мюлеталер Ж.-К. Между прозой и стихами, дидактикой и стихотворением на случай: придворный праздник Карла VI в разнородных текстах (Мишель Петнуен – Томмазо ди Салуццо – Эсташ Дешан) // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия III: Филология. 2013. Вып. 3 (33). С. 14-32.
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In May 1389, a spectacular celebration was hosted at the abbey of Saint-Denis at the request of the young Charles VI, who, having finally escaped his uncles’ tutelage, aimed to assert his authority and to convince the local nobility to accept the reforms the Marmousets had previously initiated. This staging of royal power deeply struck Charles VI’s contemporaries: one can find traces of it in texts by the Religieux de Saint-Denis, by Eustache Deschamps and by a Piedmontese marquis, Thomas III of Saluzzo. Although these three authors all witnessed the same event, their renderings of it differ greatly. Thus, Eustache Deschamps, who used to be an officer at the French court, answers the Chronicle written in Latin by Michel Pintoin, the monk of the abbey where the celebration was held, in one of his ballads. Thomas of Saluzzo, on the other hand, weaved his memories of the celebration into his allegorical novel, the Livre du Chevalier Errant. Chronicle, poetry, novel: the different renderings of the May celebrations off er the literary critic the quite rare occasion to compare the texts one yext with the other on a formal level at the same time enabling him to compare their handling of historical truth. The way in which these three texts go past a simple matter-of-fact description of the event in order to give sense to it — be it through the very interpretation of the events, the emotional charge of the texts or both — shall be at the center of this analysis. At fi rst sight, it seems that the more the literariness of a text is underlined, the more the perception of the historical event is biased and the reference adjustable: as such, the three authors’ depiction of extra-textual reality is largely determined by the demands of each text’s internal logic. Of course, these variations give rise to a series of different meanings that in turn entail ideological issues to be uncovered in the course of this analysis.
Eustache Deschamps, Michel Pintoin, Thomas III of Saluzzo, Charles VI, implied author, celebration, court, emotion, referentiality, public
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Muhlethaler Jean-Claude