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Марченко А. Н. Архиепископ Пермский и Соликамский Леонид (Поляков) – участник движения за отмену «приходской реформы» // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2011. Вып. 2 (39). С. 48-62.
Church-state relations, "Khrushchev persecution" and the Perm diocese, "the parish reform" 1961
Marchenko Aleksei, archpriest
Марченко А. Н. Отношение игумена Серафима (Кузнецова) к обновленческому расколу по материалам переписки из Иерусалима с тихоновским духовенством Пермской епархии 1927-1931 гг // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2015. Вып. 2 (63). С. 99-107. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201563.99-107
The renewing dissenting movement which arose in Russian Church in the 20th, unexpectedly was supported by Eastern Patriarchates — Constantinople and Jerusalem. Pursuing the political and economic interests, Eastern Patriarchs established the relations with renewal “Sacred Synod”, thereby putting canonical Russian Orthodox Church in an ambiguous position. Moscow Patriarchy sought to prevent further adventures of dissenters at the level of inter-church relationships in any way. Attempts to convince Eastern Patriarchs of illegality of renewal hierarchy and perniciousness of all forms of communication with them were made. For that purpose priests from the entourage of Perm bishop Pavlin (Kroshechkin) started a dangerous correspondence with Russian abbot Serafim (Kuznetsov) who lived in Jerusalem and had close relationships with Jerusalem patriarch Damian. The correspondence had been lasted since 1927 till 1931 but had no essential results. Abbot Serafim who took the side of Tychonoff clergy was not able to change the policy of patriarch Damian, continuing contacts with “obnovlents”.
Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchy, Eastern Patriarchs, renewal movement, Sacred Synod, bishop, priests, correspondence, Jerusalem, policy
Marchenko Aleksei, archpriest
Марченко А. Н. Вооруженная защита святыни как форма церковного сопротивления советской власти на примере штурма подворья Белогорского монастыря Пермской епархии в феврале 1918 года // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2020. Вып. 97. С. 108-119. DOI: 10.15382/sturII202097.108-119
This article discusses the forms of resistance of believers that took place during the implementation of the Soviets government’s decree “On the separation of church and state, church and school” in 1918. The author of the article describes mass religious processions and armed clashes as a form of resistance to units of the Red Guard. It is necessary to abandon the stereotype of the feeble response to the Bolsheviks’ arbitrariness and armed violence that has developed in the church consciousness. The armed resistance of the clergy and believers was mostly local and led to casualties not only among believers, but also among representatives of the Soviet authorities. The article provides an example of an attempt of requisition of the property of a metochion of Belogorsk Monastery of St. Nicholas in Perm, which grew into an armed clash between the defenders of the metochion and the Red Guard in February 1918. This resistance was supported by Andronik (Nikolsky), bishop of Perm diocese. He called on the clergy and believers to defend churches, monasteries, and church property in every possible way. This confrontation led to the death of the Red Guard soldiers, parishioners and members of the Belogorsk brotherhood. The article restores this event into a complete story based on sources which are signifi cantly diff erent in value and degree of reliability, i.e. materials of the Soviet and White Guard press, as well as memoirs of the participants of the event. The question of justifi cation of extreme forms of church resistance from the moral-canonical point of view is debatable and requires a solution in the presentday church science.
Belogorsk Monastery, metochion, decree “On the separation of church and state, church and school”, Soviet authority, Perm Diocese
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Marchenko Alexey, archpriest
Academic Degree: Doctor of Sciences* in History;
Academic Degree: Doctor of Theology;
Academic Rank: Associate Professor;
Place of work: Institute of Postgraduate Studies of Russian Orthodox Church; 4/2–1 Pyatnitskaya Str., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation;
Post: Head of Department of Postgraduate Studies;
ORCID: 0000-0001-9700-8073;
Email: prot.marchenko@yandex.ru. *According to ISCED 2011, a post-doctoral degree called Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.) is given to reflect second advanced research qualifications or higher doctorates.