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Максимович К. А. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 5 (55). С. 149-156. — Rev. op.: Захаров Г. Е. Рецензия на монографию: Demacopoulos G. E. The Invention of Peter: Apostolic Discourse and Papal Authority in Late Antiquity. Philadelphia, 2013
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Максимов А. С. От этноцентризма к инкультурации. Культура и цивилизация в истории католических миссий // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2015. Вып. 5 (61). С. 9-26. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201561.9-26
Three models — the ethnocentric model, the adaptation model and the inculturation model — characterize the missionary approaches of the Catholic Church during the whole of its apostolic activity. The article examines the problems of cultural reception in the Catholic missions from a historical perspective. The author shows the formation and development of the diverse forms of cultural accommodation and how the theological, social-political and cultural concepts of various epochs influenced them. He also examines the problem of parallel coexistence of these forms as mental constructions which have overstepped the boundaries of the historical context within which they were formatted. The article specifically examines the evolution of views on the «Gospel-Culture» dichotomy — from the tabula rasa conception to inculturation, which is one of central points of the contemporary Catholic theological reflection. In the adaptation model, one can see, with certain reservations, the elements of inculturation. However, in the true sense and meaning of the word, inculturation is a reality of the second half of the 20th century, whereas its first half can be characterized by the transition period from the cultural triumphalism to the new perception of the local, national cultures and to the new interpretation of its drastically different ontological status in the process of evangelization. In the article, the author only brushes the too extensive theme of the inculturation, observing it from a Christological perspective and proposing consequently an orientation for further theological reflection in this fi eld.

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62. Pchelin N. G. Missija iezuitskogo ordena v Kitae, 1579–1842 gg.: Dis. … kand. ist. nauk (Jesuit Mission in China, 1579–1842: Dissertation), Saint-Petersburg, 1999.
63. Cimbaeva E. N. Russkij katolicizm: Zabytoe proshloe rossijskogo liberalizma» (Russian Catholicism: Forgotten Past of Russian Liberalism), Moscow, 1999.
64. Shmonin D. V. 2002 “O filosofii iezuitov, ili «Tri krupicy zolota v shlake sholastiki»: Molina, Vaskes, Suares” (About Jesuit Philosophy, or “Three Gold Pieces in Scholastics Slag”: Molina, Vasques, Suares), in Voprosy filosofii, 2002, vol. 5, pp. 141–153.
Гуреев Е. М. Поклонные кресты Русского Севера XVI -XVII: обзор отечественной историографии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2018. Вып. 81. С. 11-23. DOI: 10.15382/sturII201881.11-23
The aim of this article is to discuss the key works of Russian historiography that deal with Northern crosses of the 16th — 17th centuries. The article takes into account scientifi c works beginning from the fi rst half and middle of the 19th century, i.e. the time when staurography emerged, up to the present day. Following the logic of the development of staurography, the article pays attention to the emergence in the latter half of the 19th century of studies devoted to bow and mortgage crosses that are found in the North of Russia, in Novgorod. The Northern direction in historiography was developing in the early 20th century, when there appeared a number of works that incorporate this type of monument into the cultural context of North Russian lands by means of comparing crosses and a range of other ritual objects. In the late 20th — early 21st centuries there appeared a relatively sizeable (compared with the preceding periods) amount of studies that consider the northern crosses from various viewpoints. Their authors analyse the transformation of the appearance of Northern crosses and church complexes through the study of the change and combination of traditional folk practices with Christianity. Another object of research is the identifi cation of the role of the cross in the sacred topography of the Russian North and the centres of production of bow crosses. Besides, there appeared a number of works dealing with unique monuments. The attention of researchers has been directed to monuments from not only 18th and 19th centuries but to the earlier stauroi, though their study is complicated by the fact that they have been preserved in a signifi cantly smaller number than the later crosses.
historiography, staurography, crosses of Novgorod, crosses of Pskov, Pomor crosses, Belomorye, the Pomors, the North, traditional culture, Orthodox culture
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Gureev Egor
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: Lomonosov Moscow State University; 27/4 Lomonosovskii Prospect, Moscow 119192, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-0353-7877;
Email: egor_gureev@mail.ru.
Максимов А. С. «Путь, который Бог ждет от Церкви в третьем тысячелетии». Cинодальность в Католической Церкви сегодня: богословские аспекты и задачи // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2022. Вып. 101. С. 26-41. DOI: 10.15382/sturI2022101.26-41
The article is devoted to the consideration of such a phenomenon in theology and ecclesiology of the modern Catholic Church as synodality. In October 2021, the first phase of the XVI General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops of the Catholic Church dedicated to this topic was opened. The neologism “synodality” has been updated in Catholic theology since the pontificate of Pope Francis. Synodality is becoming one of the priority terms not only of the papal Magisterium, but also of that extensive theological reflection, which is trying not only to provide a fairly stable place for the new concept in modern Catholic ecclesiology, but also to find an adequate and relevant definition and argumentation for it. This is not about the accidental characteristics of synodal ecclesiology, but about attempts to develop an authentic theology of synodality, which, in its intuitions, seeks to embrace such a well-known and popular ecclesiological category of the Orthodox East as «sobornost’». Synodality, as the author tries to illustrate, goes far beyond hierarchical structures, representing in fact a special manner of existence and response (modus vivendi et operandi) of the Church as the People of God, a kind of her entelechy, rather than a purely operational method. Encompassing the entire spectrum of the relationship between the social and mystical dimensions of the Church, its institutional and charismatic character, its being ad intra and its missionary outcome ad extra, modern Catholic ecclesiology strives to give the theme of synodality not a functional character, but a priority, essential dimension of the Church and her mission in this the world.
Catholic Church, collegiality, Synod, synodality, ecclesiology, theology, People of God, Pope Francis, communion, mission
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Maksimov Alexey, priest
Academic Degree: Master of Ttheology;
Place of work: Sretensky Theological Academy; Moscow, Russia;
Post: Senior Lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0001-7296-1933;
Email: alessiomaks@gmail.com.