/
Search results


Макарова А. Л. Стиль росписей основного объема церкви Рождества Богородицы в Бетании и их место в грузинской и византийской живописи середины — 2-й половины XII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2016. Вып. 2 (22). С. 25-39. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201622.25-39
The stylistic analysis of the wall painting of Betania monastery sheds light on the place of these frescoes in Byzantine art of the 12th century. As for the Georgian paintings of the epoch, there are some monuments of the first third of the 12th century (frescoes of St. George in Bochorma (after 1104) and several churches of Svanetia, mosaics and frescoes of Gelati Monastery (1130s)). The following fifty years present a kind of historical gap in art, after which the first dated monument is the Church of the Dormition of Vardzia monastery (1180s). The study of the frescoes on the south and north walls of the nave of the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Betania allows us to conclude that their style was developing in the course of the classical trends of Byzantine painting of 12th century. The present article examines the frescoes of Betania among the monuments of the Middle Byzantine era as the wall paintings of the Mirozh monastery in Pskov (1130s–1140s), the Church of the Transfiguration of St. Euphrosynia monastery in Polotsk (circa 1161), the Palatine Chapel in Palermo, Sicily (1142–1150), the Cathedral-Basilica of Cefalù (1148), the Martorana or Santa Maria dell'Ammiraglio (1146–1156) etc. During the 12th century Georgia like the Balkan, Russia, Southern Italy and Cyprus was gradually becoming an independent artistic center detached from the metropolis nevertheless responding to the stylistic changes in the art of Byzantine world. There was forming a regional version of the style, in Georgia that adopted and modifi ed the artistic language of the metropolis. Taking into consideration the similar phenomenon in different countries the frescoes study of Betania makes possible to date the monument in the interval between the 1150s and 1160s.
Betania, Orbeli, George III, Komnenian art, frescoes, style, Ateni Sioni Church, Mirozh monastery, Polotsk.

1. Abramishvili G. 2006 “Ateni Sioni”, in Pravoslavnaja jenciklopedija, Moscow, 2006, vol. 3, pp. 675–677.
2. Aladashvili N. A., Alibegashvili G. V., Vol'skaja A. I. Zhivopisnaja shkola Svanetii (Painting School of Svaneti), Tbilisi, 1983.
3. Virsaladze Tinatin. 2007 “Freskovaja rospis' hudozhnika Mikaela Maglakeli v Machvarishi” (Fresco Painting of Artist Mikael Maglakeli in Machvarishi), in Virsaladze Tinatin: Izbrannye trudy, Tbilisi, 2007, pp. 145–225.
4. Lazaraev V. N. Vizantijskaja zhivopis' (Byzantine Painting), Moscow, 1971.
5. Lidov A. M. Rospisi monastyrja Ahtala (Paintings of Ahtala Monastery), Moscow, 2014.
6. Popova O. S. 2005 “Asketicheskoe napravlenie v vizantijskom iskusstve vtoroj chetverti XI veka i ego dal'nejshaja sud'ba” (Ascetic Direction in Byzantine Art of Second Quarter of XI Century and Its Future Destiny), in Vizantijskij mir: iskusstvo Konstantinopolja i nacional'nye tradicii. K 2000-letiju hristianstva. Pamjati O. I. Podobedovoj (1912–1999), Moscow, 2005.
7. Privalova E. Vardzija, Tbilisi, 1982.
8. Sarab'janov V. D. Spaso-Preobrazhenskij sobor Mirozhskogo monastyrja (Transfiguration Cathedral of Mirozhskij Monastery), Moscow, 2010.
9. Sarab'janov V. D., Smirnova Je. S. Istorija drevnerusskoj zhivopisi (History of Old Russian Painting), Moscow, 2007.
10. Сonstantinidi E. 1993–1994 “The Frescoes of the Church of the Holy Archangels of Zemo-Krikhi, Rača (Georgia) and Contemporary Monuments of Mani in Southern Greecе”, in Images from the Byzantine Periphery Studies in Iconography and Style, Athens, 1993–1994, pp. 181–192.
11. Zakharova A., Sverdlova S. 2015 “Original Wall Paintings at the Church of the Saviour in Chvabiani (Upper Svaneti, Georgia) and Byzantine Art at the Turn of the Tenth to Eleventh Centuries”, in Zograf, Belgrade, 2015, vol. 39, pp. 11–25.
12. ქავთარია ნინო. წყაროსთავის ოთხთავი: ეროვნული მემკვიდრეობა // საპატრიარქოს უწყებანი. სექტემბერი, № 30 (558). თბ., 2010. გვ.19–20.
Ячменик В. А., Макарова А. В. «В Церкви должно воскреснуть пророчество»: фигура пророка в русской мысли рубежа XIX–XX вв. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение. 2022. Вып. 100. С. 45-64. DOI: 10.15382/sturI2022100.45-64
The article focuses on the development of ideas about the prophet in Russia in the late 19th – the early 20th century. In the European discourse the understanding of the prophet as the bearer of the personal principle in religion most fully described by M. Weber. Since in Russian religious philosophy the conceptualization of the prophetic function appears in the works of V. Solovyov, the first part of the article is devoted to the analysis of the idea of a prophet in the theocratic concept of this thinker. Specific features of the system proposed by the Russian philosopher are characterized, where the prophet was considered as a link of the “triad” along with the priesthood and the kingdom. The constant characteristics of the prophet as the third principle of power in the Solovyov system are formulated. The second part of the article is devoted to the reception of Solovyov’s ideas in Russian theology and religious philosophy of the beginning of the 20th century. The discussions about the hierarchy and the intellectuals as carriers of the prophetic principle that arose at the Religious-Philosophical Meetings, and the positions on this issue of V. Ternavtsev and D. Merezhkovsky are characterized. The development of the idea of a prophet in the context of the discussion of the problem of power in the Church in the academic theology of M. Tareev, V. Troitsky, P. Florensky is traced. The interpretation of the Soloviev triad by S. Bulgakov and A. Kartashev, as well as criticism of the views of the latter by Merezhkovsky’s circle, is analyzed. It is noted that the participants in the discussions considered the prophetic principle as integrated into the church community or opposed to the church hierarchy. In conclusion, the development of the discourse about the prophet in the Russian tradition of the designated period is summed up, parallels with the search for Western explorers are noted. The article concludes that the common problem for Russian and European thinkers of the early 20th century is the distinction between priestly and prophetic principles in the religious community.
prophet, priest, authority, charisma, ecclesiology, theology
  1. Adair-Toteff C. (2014) “Max Weber’s charismatic prophets”. History of the Human Sciences, vol. 27, no. 1. pp. 3–20.
  2. Antonov K. (2020) “Kak vozmozhna religiia?”: Filosofi ia religii i filosofskie problemy bogosloviia v russkoi religioznoi mysli XIX–XX vekov [“How is religion possible?”: philosophy of religion and philosophical problems of theology in Russian religious thought of the 19th — 20th centuries]. Moscow: PSTGU (in Russian).
  3. Besschetnova E. (2021) “E.N. Trubetskoi i ego spor o teokratii s Vl.S. Solov′evym” [E.N. Trubetskoy and his dispute about theocracy with Vl.S. Solovyov]. Filosofskii Zhurnal, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 84–96 (in Russian).
  4. Coates R. (2017) “Mif o bozhestvennom pravitele v Tsare i revoliutsii″ (1907 g.)” [The myth of the sacred ruler in “Tsar and Revolution” (1907)]. Solov′evskie issledovaniia, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 72–84 (in Russian).
  5. Ermishin O. (2007) “Pravoslavnye idealy v moskovskom Religiozno-fi losofskom obshchestve pamiati Vl. Solov′eva” [Orthodox ideals in Moscow’s Religion-Philosophical Society in memoriam Vl. Soloviev’s]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia I: Bogoslovie. Filosofi ia. Religiovedenie, vol. 18, pp. 57–68 (in Russian).
  6. Ermishin O. et al. (eds) (2007) Religiozno-filosofskoe obshchestvo v Sankt-Peterburge (Petrograde): Istoriia v materialakh i dokumentakh: 1907–1917 [The Religious-Philosophical Society in Saint Petersburg (Petrograd): a history through materials and documents]. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Ern V. (1991) Borba za Logos [The struggle for Logos]. Moscow (in Russian).
  8. Florenskii P. (2018) Bogoslovskie trudy: 1902–1909 [Theological works]. Moscow: PSTGU (in Russian).
  9. Gayda F. (2019) “Missiia intelligencii″ v publitsistike russkogo osvoboditel′nogo dvizheniia (1882–1909)” [The mission of the intelligentsia in the journalism of the Russian opposition movement (1882–1909)]. Voprosy filosofii, no. 9, pp. 141–149 (in Russian).
  10. Hilarion (Troitsky) (2004) Tvoreniia [Works]. Moscow (in Russian).
  11. Khondzinskiy P. (2018) “Pozdnie slavianofi ly i liberal′noe dukhovenstvo v nachale XX v.” [The late Slavophiles and the liberal clergy], in Sobor i sobornost′: k stoletiiu nachala novoi epokhi. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferentsii [Sobor and sobornost′: the 100th anniversary of the beginning of a new era. Materials of the international conference], Moscow, pp. 215–227 (in Russian).
  12. Khondzinskiy P. (2019) “Dva Iudy” [Two Judases], in U istokov i istochnikov: na mezhdunarodnykh i mezhdisciplinarnykh putiakh. Iubilejnyi sbornik v chest′ Aleksandra Vasil′evicha Nazarenko [At the roots and sources: on international and interdisciplinary paths. Colelction of articles in honour of Alexander Vasilievich Nazarenko], Moscow, pp. 445–456 (in Russian).
  13. Kippenburg H. G., Riesebrodt M. (eds) (2001) Max Weber’s ‘Religionssystematik’. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck.
  14. Kiseleva I. (2020) “Prorok″ (1826) A.S. Pushkina i Prorok″ (1841) M.Iu. Lermontova: sravnitel′naia semantika motivnogo kompleksa” [The Prophet by A.S. Pushkin (1826) and The Prophet by M.Yu. Lermontov (1841): a comparative semantics of the motifs]. Problemy istoricheskoi poetiki, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 111–129 (in Russian).
  15. Kondakov I., Korzh Ju. (2000) “Friedrich Nietzsche v russkoi kul′ture Serebrianogo veka” [Friedrich Nietzsche in the Russian culture of the Silver age]. Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost′, no. 6, pp. 176–186 (in Russian).
  16. Koroleva S. (2019) “Prorocheskaia tema v stikhotvorenii A.S. Pushkina Prorok″: dialog s traditsiei i epokhoi” [The theme of the prophet in Alexander Pushkin’s poem The Prophet: a dialogue with the tradition and the epoch]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 61, pp. 206–225 (in Russian).
  17. Le Rider J. (2000) Modernité viennoise et crises de l’identité. Paris.
  18. Lyutko E., Chernyi A. (2020) “Die Geistlichkeit in der Auff assung des Moskauer Metropoliten Filaret: Akzentwechsel in der russischen Theologie des Priestertums von der zweiten Hälfte des 19. bis zum Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts”. Ostkirchliche Studien, no. 2, pp. 1–21.
  19. Manchester L., Sdvizhkov D. (eds) (2019) Vera i lichnost′ v meniaiushchemsia obshchestve: Avtobiografika i pravoslavie v Rossii kontsa XVII — nachala XX veka [Faith and selfhood in a changing society: autobiography and Orthodoxy in Russia from the end of the 17th to the beginning of the 20th century]. Moscow (in Russian).
  20. Nethercot F. (2008) Une rencontre philosophique. Bergson en Russie (1907–1917). Moscow (Russian translation).
  21. Pavliuchenkov N. (2021) “Retseptsiia P.A. Florenskim naslediia V.S. Solov′eva: ot filosofi i k bogosloviiu vseedinstva” [Reception by P.A. Florensky of V.S. Soloviev’s heritage: from philosophy to theology of pan-unity]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, vol. 96, pp. 41–60 (in Russian).
  22. Polovinkin S. M. (ed.) (2005) Zapiski peterburgskikh Religiozno-fi losofskikh sobranii (1901–1903) [Transactions of Saint Petersburg Religious-Philosophical Meeting]. Moscow (in Russian).
  23. Rupp J. (1975) Message ecclesial de Solowiew. Paris; Bruxelles.
  24. Samarina T. (2018) “Teoriia urovnei religioznosti v klassicheskoi fenomenologii religii” [Theory of levels of religiosity in classical phenomenology of religion]. Religiovedenie, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 101–109 (in Russian).
  25. Skobelev M., Khangireev I. (2019) “Iulius Vell′gauzen i German Gunkel: metodologiia bibleiskogo issledovaniia” [Julius Wellhausen and Hermann Gunkel: biblical studies and methodology]. Bogoslovskii vestnik, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 17–37 (in Russian).
  26. Teslya A. (2019) “The Protestant Ethic in the Russian Context: Peter Struve and Sergey Bulgakov Read Max Weber (1907–1909)”. Russian Sociological Review, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 107–119.
  27. Trubetskoy E. (1994) Smysl zhizni [The meaning of life]. Moscow (in Russian).
  28. Vorontsov S. (2020) “Sviashchennik v svete stilei myshleniia: ierarkhicheskaia i dolzhnostnaia spetsifi katsii” [The priest in the light of styles of thinking: hierarchical and offi cial descriptions]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seriia I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, vol. 91, pp. 32–54 (in Russian).
  29. Weber M. (2016–2019) Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Grundriss der verstehenden Soziologie: in 4 vols. Moscow (Russian translation).
  30. Weber M. (2017) Die Wirtschaftsethik der Weltreligionen. Vergleichende Religionssoziologische Versuche. Konfuzianismus und Taosismus. St Petersburg (Russian translation).
Yachmenik Vyacheslav
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; Moscow, Russia;
ORCID: 0000-0003-4624-5962;
Email: yachmenik94@mail.ru.
Макарова Анна
Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities;, Moscow, Russia;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0787-1592;
Email: zair-anna@mail.ru.
Article is prepared within the “Russian religious academic theology of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century: ideas and contexts” project with assistance of St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University and Fund “The Live Tradition”.
Макарова А. В. Приход как зеркало внутрицерковных разделений // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия II: История. История Русской Православной Церкви. 2022. Вып. 107. С. 169-173. — Rev. op.: Беглов А. Л. Православный приход на закате Российской империи: состояние, дискуссии, реформы. Серия: Церковные реформы: Дискуссии в Православной Российской Церкви начала XX века. Поместный Собор 1917–1918 гг. и предсоборный период. М.: Индрик, 2021. 1048 с.
PDF
Макарова Анна
Student status: Graduate student;
Academic Rank: Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities;, Moscow, Russia;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0002-0787-1592;
Email: zair-anna@mail.ru.