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Лапшина Т. В. Архитектурные особенности трапезных комплексов монастырей Русского Севера XVI в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 40. С. 54-76. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202040.54-76
Old Russian monasteries of the 16th represented architectural complexes that comprised churches, cells for the brethren, and such household buildings as e.g. refectories. Depending on the region, refectories could include not only the refectory halls and rooms for the cellarer, but a church and sometimes a belfry. Of particular interest are refectory complexes of monasteries of the 16th century located in the Russian North. These territories in diff erent periods belonged to both Novgorod and Rostoc lands. The aim of this article is to identify the main architectural features of refectory complexes of monasteries of the Russian North of the 16th century. The article studies only refectory complexes of the following churches: church of the Introduction of Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, church of Annunciation of Ferapontov Monastery, church of Dormition of Pavlo-Obnorsky Monastery, church of Anthony of Kornilievo-Komel’sky Monastery, church of Introduction of Spaso-Prilutsky Monastery, church of Theotokos Hodegetria of Goritsky Monastery, church of Dormition of Spaso-Kamenny Monastery, church of Dormition of Solovetsky Monastery, church of St. Sergiy of Radonezh of Kirillo- Belozersky Monastery. The article employs the method of integrated source criticism, the comparative method, the method of typological and iconographic analysis of main architectural features of refectory complexes. The article gives an outline of preceding studies. It also gives detailed descriptions of architectural features of refectory complexes as well as refectory halls belonging to them, refectory churches, cellarer rooms. The result of the study is the conclusion that refectory complexes of monasteries of the Russian North of the 16th century have embodied several characteristic features of both Novgorod and Moscow architectural schools.
refectory complexes, monasteries of Russian North, architecture of 16th century, refectory hall, refectory church, one-column hall, room for cellarer
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Lapshina Tatiana
Student status: Graduate student;
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Petersburg State University; 7/9 Universitetskaia naberezhnaa, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia;
ORCID: 0000-0003-2862-3747;
Email: kuz114@mail.ru.