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Кошелев И. А. Аргумент от Божественного дизайна в английской натурфилософии XVII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2014. Вып. 5 (55). С. 107-120. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201455.107-120
The article deals with the development of the teleological argument (the design argument) as elaborated in the works of the English natural philosophers Robert Boyle and John Ray. The argument in question constitutes one of the most convincing proofs of the existence of the rational design and is primarily known from the “fifth way” of Thomas Aquinas and from the “Natural Theology” by W. Paley. However, the basis for the modern research in this field was created precisely by the above-mentioned natural philosophers in the context of scientific revolution of the 17th century and the mechanistic philosophy that this epoch gave rise to. Recognizing the irrevocability of the conceptualization of the “teleological argument” in Paley for the modern times, the author analyzes the early stages of its formation. The main part of the article is devoted to the analysis of “The Treatise of the Final Causes” by Boyle and “The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation” by Ray. Conclusions as to the signifi cance of these works for the consequent development of teleology are given in the final part of the article.
philosophy of nature, natural theology, teleological argument, argument from design, rational design, Christianity, Robert Boyle, John Ray.

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Козлова М. А., Кошелева Н. В. Забота о себе и о Другом как моральная установка: междисциплинарный подход // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 3 (38). С. 94-105. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201538.94-105
The article serves as an overview and discussion of the relationship between altruistic and egoistic individual patterns of perception and behavior. The vector of the analysis is set by the discrepancy between social scientific and everyday discourses of care. Care is analyzed in the framework of the concept of moral foundations based on the results of anthropological research. Caring is viewed also as a tool of political and ideological pressure on the macro level and in the field of organizational relations. From the standpoint of neurobiology and psychology the potential for integration of care of the Self and of the Other is offered in the theory of identity. Using of Moral motives' theory as a framework for understanding of moral identity allows interpreting of the care of the Self as a study of the Self and going beyond the Self. Category of the care acquires transcendental nature — it is not the care about the Self integrity and individual wellbeing, it is a truly human way of being.
care of the Self, moral psychology, theory of the moral motive, identity, altruism

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Kozlova Mariia
Kosheleva Natal'ia
Кошелев И. А. Аргумент от разумного замысла в естественной теологии Ричарда Бакстера // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2017. Вып. 73. С. 83-94. DOI: 10.15382/sturI201773.83-94
The article deals with the teleological argument, or argument from design, as expounded by a famous English Protestant theologian Richard Baxter, one of the leading 17-th century English Puritans, in his work “The Reasons of the Christian Religion”. Natural theology, providing arguments for the existence of God based on reason and without appeal to the Revelation, has always played a vital role throughout the entire history of theological thought. The most popular was the so called teleological argument, or the argument from design, which stands out among all rational arguments for the existence of the Creator. It is mostly known from the “Fifth Way” of the medieval Scholastic philosopher Thomas Aquinas and a famous work “Natural Theology” by an English 19-th century theologian William Paley. The foundation for the modern research in the area was laid during the age of the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century English nature philosophers and theologians, especially Robert Boyle, who believed the teleological argument to be the key element of Natural Theology. His friend and confessor, Richard Baxter, a prominent representative of the Puritan Natural Theology, mostly known by his theological works, paved the way for Natural Theology both in his own time and the following centuries. His work was thought to be the best collection of the evidences for Christianity.
first cause, philosophy of nature, natural theology, teleological argument, God's existence, argument from design, rational design, Christianity, Puritans, Robert Boyle, Richard Baxter, Protestantism
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Koshelev Igor
Academic Degree: Candidate of Sciences* in Philosophy;
Place of work: Web Search Engine “Sputnik”; 30 Goncharnaia Str., Moscow 115172, Russian Federation;
Post: Testing Specialist;
Email: igor.a.koshelev@yandex.ru. *According to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011, the degree of Candidate of Sciences (Cand.Sc.) belongs to ISCED level 8 — "doctoral or equivalent", together with PhD, DPhil, D.Lit, D.Sc, LL.D, Doctorate or similar.
The article is written within the framework of the project № 15-03-00211 "Metaphysics in the intercultural space: history and modernity" supported by RFBR Foundation