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Кольцов А. В. Феноменология религии «нового стиля» Ж. Ваарденбурга в контексте голландской традиции феноменологии религии // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2013. Вып. 3 (47). С. 87-100.
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The author examines in this article the religious phenomenology of Jacques Waardenburgh, a Dutchman known for his studies of the phenomenology of religion of the new type. After a brief examination of various tendencies in the study of religious phenomenology and their classification, the author turns his attention to the phenomenology of religion of the new type as exemplified by the classical proponents of the Dutch school (Pierre Daniel Chantepie de la Saussayee, William Kristensen and Gerardus van der Leeuw). By comparing concepts stated as answers to specific questions, Waardenburgh appears to employ critical acumen in his formulation of the material left by his predecessors in the field. But the elements of religious phenomenology which relate to an existential conception of data and which were accepted by the classical school are excluded by Waardenburgh. Waardenburgh, on the other hand, attempts to substitute a philosophical hermeneutic with one drawn from the applied sciences, in as much, and this is the author’s opinion, that the phenomenology of religion of the new type refuses to mediate between the disciplines which study empirical material and the philosophical conception of religion. In addition, Waardenburgh remarks that the constant task of the phenomenology of religion is to mediate among the disciplines which employ the empirical method and those cognitive spiritual needs which face the student of religious phenomena. Among these disciplines, sociology replaces history to take first place, followed by cultural anthropology. Thus, the cognitive factor become more pragmatic.
Phenomenology of religion, Applied hermeneutics, Religious meanings and signifi cance
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Кольцов А. В. [Review] // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2016. Вып. 1 (63). С. 136-139. — Rev. op.: Оттовский ренессанс в Германии Рец. на: Otto R. Theologie - Religionsphilosophie - Religionsgeschichte / J. Lauster, P. Schüz, R. Barth, Ch. Danz, Hrsg. De Gruyter, 2014
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Кольцов А. В. Был ли Гуссерль верующим христианином? Новое исследование о религиозных обращениях в Вене начала ХХ века // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2018. Вып. 75. С. 146-150. — Rev. op.: Schweighofer A. Religiöse Sucher in der Moderne: Konversionen vom Judentum zum Protestantismus in Wien um 1900. Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter, 2015 (Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte; 126). S. XXIV, 493.
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Koltsov Alexander
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0003-0791-2371;
Email: avk-23@yandex.ru.
Кольцов А. В. «Религиозное переживание» как предмет философии религии в проекте А. Райнаха // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия I: Богословие. Философия. 2020. Вып. 88. С. 60-79. DOI: 10.15382/sturI202088.60-79
This article focuses on a project of application of phenomenological approach to philosophy of religion which survives in Adolf Reinach’s (1883‒1917) notes. The study shows how the methodology of Reinach’s programme determines a specific character of the project both in terms of realistic phenomenology and positive evidence of religious experience. As a result, the notion of “experience” (Erlebnis) becomes a key term of the project. The article examines three main connotations of this notion, i.e. 1) apology of a phenomenon as something irreducible and particular, 2) hermeneutical interpretation of essence as a meaning, 3) application of the term Erlebnis, produced by philosophy of life, in order to stress immediate character of religious experience. The article discovers the origin of these theses in Reinach’s earlier works. After this, two directions of their development in the notes are reconstructed. The first direction deals with cognitive signifi cance of experience as intentional acts. The second direction describes inner dynamics of correlation between noesis and noema and is in this way “psychological”. In connection with the fi rst direction, religious experience is analysed in the context of discussion about “knowledge” and “feeling”; afterwards, its specifi city is identifi ed as intentionality of a unique character. The second direction makes it possible to diff erentiate the religious act from other types of experience being a foundation of positive sciences; it also revises subjectobject scheme of describing religious relationship. Besides, some new aspects of philosophical application of the notion of experience are pointed out. The result of the study is the conclusion that the “Fragments” off er a specifi c strategy of combining philosophical and theological discourses which should be understood in the context of multiple projects of philosophical theology as a unique religious and philosophical synthesis.
Erlebnis, religious experience, realistic phenomenology, Reinach, philosophical theology
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  2. Dobrokhotov A. (2007) “Filosofi ia i khristianstvo“ [Philosophy and Christianity], in Izbrannoe [Selected works]. Moscow. Pp. 75–88 (in Russian).
  3. Koltsov A. (2019) “Filosofskaia fenomenologiia religii (М. Sheler, А. Reinach, E. Stein) v kontekste religiosnosti moderna” [Philosophical phenomenology of religion (M. Sheler, A. Reinach, E. Stein) in the context of religiosity of Modern]. Voprosy filosofii, 9, pp. 64–74 (in Russian).
  4. Konacheva S. (2010) Bytie. Sviaschennoe. Bog. Kheidegger i filosofskaia teologia XX veka [Being. Sacred. God. Heidegger and philosophical theology of the 20th century]. Moscow (in Russain).
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  6. Pylaev M. (2011) Kategoriia “sviaschennoe” v fenomenologii religii, teologii i filosofii XX veka [Category of “the Sacred” in phenomenology of religion, theology and philosophy of the 20th century]. Moscow (in Russian).
  7. Pylaev M. (2016) “Filosofi ia i teologiia v “neoortodoksii” Karla Barta” [Philosophy and theology in Karl Barth’s “Neoorthodoxy”]. Vestnik PSTGU. Seria I: Bogoslovie. Filosofiia. Religiovedenie, 6 (68), p. 26–40 (in Russian).
  8. Reinach A. (1989) “Aufzeichnungen“, in K. Schuhmann (ed.) Sämtliche Werke: Textkritische Ausgabe in 2 Bänden, vol. 1. München. Pp. 589–611.
  9. Reinach A. (1989) “Einleitung in die Philosophie“, in K. Schuhmann (ed.) Sämtliche Werke: Textkritische Ausgabe in 2 Bänden, vol. 1. München. Pp. 369–513.
  10. Reinach A. (1989) “Über Phänomenologie“, in K. Schuhmann (ed.) Sämtliche Werke: Textkritische Ausgabe in 2 Bänden, vol. 1. München. Pp. 531–550.
  11. Reinach A. (1989) “William James und der Pragmatismus“, in K. Schuhmann (ed.) Sämtliche Werke: Textkritische Ausgabe in 2 Bänden, vol. 1. München. Pp. 45–50.
  12. Scheler M. (1921) Vom Ewigen im Menschen. Leipzig.
  13. Schuhmann K. (ed.) (1989) Reinach A. Sämtliche Werke: textkritische Ausgabe in 2 Bänden. Bd. 2. Kommentar und Textkritik. München.
  14. Silva S. B. (2017) “Martin Heidegger e o “Absoluto”. A apropriação fenomenológica dos fragmentos sobre filosofia da religião (1916‒1917) de Adolf Reinach”. O Que Nos Faz Pensar, 26, 40, pp. 353–380.
  15. Stein E. (2014) “Was ist Philosophie? Ein Gespräch zwischen Edmund Husserl und Thomas von Aquin“, in B. Beckmann-Zöller, H. R. Sepp (eds) ‘Freiheit und Gnade’ und weitere Beiträge zu Phänomenologie und Ontologie (1917 bis 1937) (Edith Stein Gesamtausgabe 9). Freiburg. Pp. 91–118.
  16. Vendrell F. Í. (2008) Die Emotionen: Gefühle in Der Realistischen Phänomenologie. Berlin.
  17. Vendrell F. Í. (2013) “Die Grammatik der Gefühle. Einführung in eine Phänomenologie der Emotionen“. Praktische Theologie, 2, p. 72–78.
  18. Vendrell F. Í. (2015) “The Emotions in Early Phenomenology”. Studia Phaenomenologica, 15, pp. 329–354.
Koltsov Alexander
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow 127051, Russian Federation;
Post: lecturer;
ORCID: 0000-0003-0791-2371;
Email: avk-23@yandex.ru.