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Колпакова М. Ю., Коган И. М. К вопросу о природе внутреннего диалога // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 1 (32). С. 97-107. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201432.97-107
The article provides a rationale for research on inner dialogue as a contributing factor in the development of personality and psychical disease. In this context, dialogue doesn't only mean conversation or communication between alternative and often opposite narrative voices, decentralized multiplicity of I positions, but inner dialogue between self and spiritual inner self, the moral core of a person. T. Florenskaya emphasized the spiritual essence of dialogue. This notion (might seem unusual, but in fact it) has deep roots in Russian (A. Ukhtomsky, M. Bakhtin, P. Florensky, S. Frank, T. Florenskaya, S. Averintsev) philosophy and psychology. Based on the example of characters by F. M. Dostoevsky it is shown that a specifi c form of internal dialogue is associated with psychological distress. The article argues that inner dialogue between self and spiritual self is necessary for mental health.
inner dialogue, spiritual self, true dialogue, autocommunication, the double, mental health, intrapersonal confl ict.

1. Bahtin M. M. Problemy tvorchestva Dostoevskogo (Problems of Creative Works of Dostoevskij), Leningrad, 1929.
2. Florenskaja T. A. Dialog v psihologii (Dialogue in Psychology), Moscow, 1991.
Kolpakova Marianna
Kogan Irina
Колпакова М. Ю. К проблеме ценностного самоопределения // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2015. Вып. 4 (39). С. 53-65. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201539.53-65
This article explores the problem of moral self-identification. The underlying causes of irregularities in the development of moral value system are examined. Two types of irregularities are identified. Non-constructive coping strategies as mechanisms of moral self-identification in inner dialogue disturbances are considered. Inner dialogue is a process of dialogical interaction between self and spiritual self. We emphasize the importance of dialogue approach to the phenomenon of moral self-identification. Spiritual self being the foundation of moral self-identifi cation, we argue that awareness of personal value system foundations serves as an indespensable condition for person to become a moral subject. Actualization of internal dialogue is proposed to be a necessary condition to the process of moral self-identification. Interpersonal dialogue is viewed as a means of facilitation and exposure of internal dialogue. In accordance with the idea of inner dialogue being a process of dialogical interaction between self and spiritual self, it is possible to retrace manifestations of spiritual self in external speech. The article adopts the ethic-oriented approach introduced by T. A. Florenskaya.
personality, moral self-identification, inner dialogue, interpersonal dialogue

1. Abul'hanova-Slavskaja K. A. 1995 “Tipologija lichnosti i gumanisticheskij podhod” (Typology of Person and Humanistic Approach), in Gumanisticheskie problemy psihologii lichnosti, Moscow, 1995, pp. 27–48.
2. Bahtin M. M. Problemy tvorchestva Dostoevskogo (Problems of Works of Dostoevskij), Kiev, 1994.
3. Bratus' B. S. 1997 “K probleme cheloveka v psihologii“ (To Problem of Human in Psychology), in Voprosy psihologii, 1997, vol. 5, pp. 3–19.
4. Kolpakova M. Ju. Vvedenie v dialogicheskuju psihologiju (Introduction to Dialogue Psychology), Moscow, 2013.
5. Kolpakova M. Ju. 1999 “Rol' dialoga v vyjavlenii i razreshenii nravstvennogo konflikta materej, otkazyvajushhihsja ot novorozhdennogo“ (Role of Dialogue in Exposure and Settlement of Moral Conflicht of Mothers, Refusing from Newborn), in Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 1999, vol. 20/6, pp. 81–88.
6. Kolpakova M. Ju., Kogan I. M. 2014 “K voprosu o prirode vnutrennego dialoga“ (To Question about Nature of Inner Dialogue), in Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. IV: Pedagogika. Psihologija, 2014, vol. 1/32, pp. 97–107.
7. Kornilova T. V., Budinajte G. L. 1993 “Lichnostnye cennosti i lichnostnye predpochtenija sub’ekta” (Person Values and Person Preferences of a Subject), in Voprosy psihologii, 1993, vol. 5, pp. 99–105.
8. Leont'ev D. A. 1998 “Cennostnye predstavlenija v individual'nom i gruppovom soznanii: vidy, determinanty, izmenenija vo vremeni” (Value Ideas in Individual and Group Consciousness: Species, Determinants, Changes in Time), in Psihologicheskoe obozrenie, 1998, vol. 1, pp. 13–25.
9. Florenskaja T. A. Dialog v prakticheskoj psihologii (Dialogue in Practical Psychology), Moscow, 1991.
10. Florenskaja T. A. 1987 “Dialogicheskie principy v psihologii“ (Dialogical Principles in Psychology), in Bodalev A. A. (ed.) Obshhenie i dialog v praktike obuchenija, vospitanija i psihologicheskoj konsul'tacii: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov, Moscow, 1987, pp. 27–36.
11. Florenskaja T. A. Mir doma tvoego. Chelovek v reshenii zhiznennyh problem (World of Your Home. Human in Decision of Life Problems), Moscow, 2006.
12. Florenskaja T. A. 1994 “Dialog kak metod psihologii konsul'tirovanija (Duhovno-orientirovannyj podhod)” (Dialogue as Method of Consulting Psychology (Spiritual-Orientated Approach)), in Psihologicheskij zhurnal, 1994, vol. 15/5, pp. 44–56.
13. Jel'konin B. D. Psihologija razvitija (Psychology of Development), Moscow, 2001.
Колпакова М. Ю. Основные современные подходы в психологии морального развития // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2016. Вып. 4 (43). С. 91-102. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201643.91-102
Some theoretical perspectives of moral psychology are considered: psychoanalytical, cognitive developmental perspective, leaning perspective, prosocial development, personality perspective. Psychoanalytical, cognitive developmental perspective, leaning perspective are «justice-based» moral development approach. Theories of prosocial development and personality perspective are based on «ethics of care». Moral motivation problem is a fundamental problem of moral psychology. This article addresses the question of how morality comes to be an integral part of the structure of our personality from perspective that draws on personality, prosocial development, cognitive developmental, psychoanalytical, leaning perspective traditions. Theory of moral development for decades has focused on the roles of moral reasoning and moral emotions. A new personality approach in moral psychology that positions moral identity as an important source of moral development is considered. Several key questions about moral identity are considered. Different approaches of moral psychology are based upon a theories of personality which are rooted in a different ethic’s traditions. Integrative thinking in moral psychology is required metatheoretical analyses of diff erent approaches. The ethic-oriented dialogical approach is considered.
moral development, moral understanding, moral identity, personality, dialogue

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4. Kolpakova M. Iu. Rol' dialoga v vyiavlenii i razreshenii nravstvennogo konflikta materei, otkazyvaiushchikhsia ot novorozhdennogo // Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. T. 20. № 6. P. 81–88.
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Колпакова М. Ю. Духовно-ориентированный диалог в контексте отечественной культуры // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2017. Вып. 44. С. 87-107. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201744.87-107
The paper considers some essential foundations of Russian culture that serve as the foundation of Russian spiritually oriented psychology. It is shown that spiritually oriented dialogue by T.A. Florenskaia continues the tradition of Russian psychology that was interrupted at the beginning of the 20th century. The paper also identifi es the principles of comprehension and cognition in Russian spiritual psychology which are determined by patristic psychological knowledge. These are the diff erentiation between methods of perception of a thing and a person; understanding the inner life of the person not in the light of sensory and material conditions, but also in the light of its inner substance, from within; understanding the person as developing, self-determining, and endowed with free will. One of the basic problems of spiritually oriented psychology is the problem of fi nding the method of study which would be adequate for the object being studied. It is shown that the methodology of the interlocutory psychology by T. A. Florenskaia is a methodology of the new type. It realises principles that are in line with the patristic tradition of cognition. The method of study in the interlocutory psychology is at the same time the method of actualisation of the object of study and the method of assisting the interlocutor. The interlocutory methodology requires a special dialogic attitude to the partner, the establishment of a dialogic connection with him or her.
personality, personal development, dialogue, culture, internal dialogue, dominants of culture

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