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Зюзева С. Г. Типология икон в окладах с лицевыми изображениями на полях 2-й пол. XVI – нач. XVII в. // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2018. Вып. 30. С. 78-95. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201830.78-95
This article analyses the typology of icons in covers of the second half of the 16th — beginning of the 17th centuries with holy fi gures on frames. Precious covers were made in Kremlin workshops, many of them were commissioned by tsar. The work with archival materials has allowed us to identify a signifi cant group of non-preserved icons in precious covers. As a result of the study of both preserved and non-preserved artwork, it was established that frames with fi gures adorned icons from iconostases, frames on venerated icons that were of particular signifi cance in the sacred space of the church and were located in various places of the church. There were also numerous icons of “pyadnitsa” type (Russ. пядницы) that had various purposes: analogion icons, memorial icons, vow icons. These were mainly tzar’s donations and donations from rich ktetors close to Moscow court that were given to Kremlin churches and Russian monasteries. Figures on the frames of icons that were created in various jewellery techniques (embossing, engraving, niello) visualise and make more precise the intention of the donator. Identifying a signifi cant range of this kind of artwork has allowed us to describe the occurrence of this specifi c phenomenon of late-medieval court culture.
icon covers, 16th century, Kremlin workshops, tzar’s donation, icons, Moscow court, jewellery
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  32. Zyuzeva S. G., “Oklady bogorodichnyh ikon poslednej chetverti XVI veka iz kremlevskih masterskih s chernevymi i gravirovannymi drobnitzami na poljah”, in: Moskovskiy Kreml v 16 veke. Drevnie svyatyni i istoricheskie pamyatniki, Moscow, 2014, 365–376.
Zyuzeva Svetlana
Place of work: Kremlin Museum; Kremlin, Moscow 103132, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6499-0811;
Email: zuzeva@yandex.ru.
Зюзева С. Г. Серебряная икона «Благовещение» XVI века. Работа западного мастера в Москве // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2019. Вып. 34. С. 37-48. DOI: 10.15382/sturV201934.37-48
The article is dedicated to the first comprehensive study of the chased “Annunciation” icon from Moscow Kremlin museum. The icon, originating from Transfiguration cathedral of Solovetskiy monastery, has an exceptional value in the history of the jewelry art of Moscow of the XVI century and the study of works of western European masters in the workshops of Kremlin. Numerous iconographic and stylistic analogies that we have found in the European art of Italy and Holy Roman Empire of German nation end of XV-mid of XVI century, as well as technical and technological features of icons’ execution cogently prove that masters of this region has worked on this masterpiece. The nearest analogues of the Jewelry Art of Moscow of 80-90s of the XVI century, primarily, the golden icon of Tzarina Irina Godunova, dated 1589, allowed us to specify the attribution of the icon, which before was considered to be the work of XVII century. The analysis of the iconographic program of the engraved images on the margins of the icon also proves the connection with the court order. Second fully chased icon “Annunciation” of the similar size was located at the royal court temple – Annunciation cathedral of Moscow Kremlin. In our opinion, both icons, that had similar decorative execution, could have been created at the same time, by the same master.
European masters, XVI century, Kremlin workshops, Moscow court, jewelry technology, icons,
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  18. Ziuzeva S. (2017) “Stilisticheskie i tekhnologicheskie novatsii v khudozhestvennom oformlenii ikonnykh okladov kak otrazhenie mezhdunarodnykh sviazei russkoi kul'tury XVI v.” [Stylistic and Technological Innovations in Decoration of Icon Frames as Refl ection of International Links of Russian Culture of the 16th Century]. Vestnik RGGU. Ser.: Filosofiia. Sotsiologiia. Iskusstvovedenie, 2017, vol. 3 (9), pp. 106–118 (in Russian).
  19. Ziuzeva S. (2018) Tipologiia ikon v okladakh s litsevymi izobrazheniiami na poliakh 2-i pol. XVI – nach. XVII v. [Typology of Icons in Covers of the Second Half of thе 16th — Early 17th Centuries with Holy Figures on Frames]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo \aiskusstva, 2018, vol. 30, pp. 78–95 (in Russian).
Zyuzeva Svetlana
Place of work: Kremlin Museum; Kremlin, Moscow 103132, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6499-0811;
Email: zuzeva@yandex.ru.
Зюзева С. Г. О двух царских украшенных иконах святителя Николая XVI столетия // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2020. Вып. 39. С. 63-75. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202039.63-75
The article studies two Tzar’s revetments on the venerated icons of St. Nicholas. One of them is the lost revetment of the ancient icon “Nikola Velikoretskiy”, brought in 1555 from Vyatka to the Dormition Cathedral of Moscow Kremlin. By the order of Tzar Ivan Vasilyevich, the icon was renewed and decorated with a toreutic riza and a cover with niello plaques. We suppose that the set of the plaques (among which are images of Moscow metropolitans Alexey, Peter, Iona, St. Alexander Svirskiy) is connected with text of the narrative about the icon “Nikola Velikoretskiy” and that the creation of the toreutic decoration could be connected with work of European masters at the Tzar’s court. The article also analyses the programme of the plaques placed on the case of the icon “St. Nicholas”, the prayer icon of Evdokia Bogdanovna Saburova, the fi rst wife of the tzar’s son Ivan Ivanovich, tonsured at Pokrovskiy Monastery of Suzdal after 1572. On the narrow margins of the frame, there are plaques with the image of Deisis, the great teachers of the church and Russian saints, as well as the heavenly patrons of the commissioner and the dynasty of Rurik and Godunov. We suppose that the toreutic icon case was supplemented with plaques with similar-named saints of the two tzars’ dynasties after Boris Godunov’s enthronement in 1598.
icons of St, Nicholas, workshops of Kremlin, art of jewellery, culture of tzar’s court, toreutics, European masters
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  14. Sterligova I. (2014) “Vvedenie k chasti vtoroi «Sviatyni gosudarstvennoi kazny i riznits kremlevskikh khramov»” [Introduction to Part 2 “Holy objects of the state treasury and sacristies of the cathedrals of the Kremlin], in S. Beliaev, I. Vorotnikova (eds) Moskovskii Kreml' XVI stoletiia. Drevnie sviatyni i istoricheskie pamiatniki [Moscow Kremlin of the 16th century. Holy objects and historical monuments], book 2. Moscow. P. 282–297 (in Russian).
  15. Sterligova I. (2011) “Dragotsennye ikony sviatitelia Nikolaia v Drevnei Rusi” [Precious revetments of icons of St. Nicholas in Ancient Rus’], in Dobryi kormchii. Pochitanie sviatitelia Nikolaia v khristianskom mire [The kind helmsman. Veneration of St. Nicholas in the Christian world]. Moscow. P. 382‒408 (in Russian).
  16. Tolstaia T. (ed.) (2016) Ikony Uspenskogo sobora Moskovskogo Kremlia. Vtoraia pol. XV–XVI vek: Katalog [Icons of the Dormition Cathedral of Moscow Kremlin. Second half of the 15th — 16th centuries: Cataloque]. Moscow (in Russian).
  17. Vorontsova L. (2010) “Oklad na ikonu «Prepodobnyi Sergii Radonezhskii» iz sobraniia Sergievo- Posadskogo muzeia” [Framing for the icon “St. Sergiy of Radonezh” from collection of museum of Sergiev Posad], in Troitse-Sergieva lavra v istorii, kul'ture i dukhovnoi zhizni Rossii: Materialy VI Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii. 23–25 sentiabria 2010 [Holy Trinity Lavra in the history, culture and spiritual life of Russia. Materials of the 6th international conference. 23‒25 September, 2010]. Sergiev Posad. P. 289–309 (in Russian).
  18. Zabelin I. (2003) “Domashnii byt russkogo naroda v XVI‒XVII st. III: Domashnii byt russkikh tsarei i tsarits v XVI i XVII st.: Materialy” [Household routines of the Russian people in the 16th — 17th centuries. III: Household routines of Russian tzar’s and tzarin’s of the 16th and 17th centuries]. Moscow (in Russian).
  19. Ziuzeva S. (2016) “Zolotoi oklad ikony «Troitsa» kontsa XVI veka: Istoriia sozdaniia. Ikonograficheskie i stilisticheskie osobennosti litsevykh izobrazhenii” [Gold revetment of the icon “Trinity” of the late 16th century: History of making. Iconographic and stylistic features of the face images]. Materialy i issledovaniia. Federal'noe uchrezhdenie kul'tury “Moskovskii Kreml'”, 27, p. 64–80.
  20. Ziuzeva S. (2019) “Serebrianaia ikona «Blagoveshchenie» XVI v. Rabota zapadnogo mastera v Moskve” [Silver icon “Annunciation” of the 16th century. Work of the European master in Moscow]. Vestnik PSTGU. Ser. V: Voprosy istorii i teorii khristianskogo iskusstva. 34, p. 37–48 (in Russian).
Zyuzeva Svetlana
Place of work: Kremlin Museum; Kremlin, Moscow 103132, Russian Federation;
Post: Research Fellow;
ORCID: 0000-0002-6499-0811;
Email: zuzeva@yandex.ru.