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Емельянова А. В. Мемуары об обучении детей духовного сословия в России XVIII в // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия IV: Педагогика. Психология. 2014. Вып. 4 (35). С. 90-102. DOI: 10.15382/sturIV201435.90-102
The article deals with the education of children of the clergy in Russia XVIII century based on the memoirs. Of the 100 memoirs we analyzed only 6 there is information about it. This memoir: Metropolitan Platon, court counselor I. G. Grigorieva, a provincial prosecutor G. I. Dobrynin, poet and translator I. I. Martynov, senator, F. P. Lubyanovskogo, professor of St. Petersburg University Y. Tolmachev. This article gives a brief biographical note for each author. All authors have a family of priests or deacons rural central Russia and Ukraine. As a rule, a basic knowledge of children received from their fathers or other relatives, and then were given training in religious schools. Describes the process of learning, conditions and methods in the Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy, Poltava Seminary and the Kharkov Collegium in the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that 5 of the 6 authors memories continued their studies in the Seminary, College, Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, Moscow University and information about this training reflects the difficult conditions in which they had to acquire knowledge. Using memoirs allows us to see the learning process through the eyes of students, the specifi cs of obtaining basic knowledge at home and continuing training for children in religious schools. Briefly analyzes the composition of objects, and methods of teaching, to reflect on the pages of memories.
The Russian Empire, XVIII century, home education, memoirs, the clergy, the Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, Poltava Seminary, Kharkiv Collegium

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Емельянова О. А. Общенародное богослужебное пение в Русской Православной Церкви рубежа XIX–XX веков: к вопросу об исторической преемственности // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2021. Вып. 43. С. 107-124. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202143.107-124
This article attempts to examine the origins of public liturgical singing in the Eastern Christian Church and to trace the continuity of this tradition in the church singing practice of Russian Orthodox Church in the 19th and 20th centuries. Particular attention to the topic of historical ties is due to the fact that the form of public liturgical singing after a long period of extinction began to actively develop in Russia at the turn of the 19th — 20th centuries. This is evidenced by materials of the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918, which were a response to the activities of Brotherhoods, Societies and individual clergy, for example, archpriest Nikolai Smirnov, priest Nikolai Kurlov and others. The study showed that the requirements both for the quality of liturgical singing in general and for the singers themselves in different eras are largely similar. Thus, even the holy fathers paid attention, fi rst of all, to the spirit and character of church singing, regardless of its form. Whatever it may be — national or professional choirs — it should strive for simplicity and prayer. In early Christianity, as well as in the Russian Empire, public singing at church carried the function of uniting people, fi ghting against passions, teaching people the basics of the Christian faith.
public liturgical singing, church singing, Local Council of Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918, hegumen Seraphim (Kuznetsov), deacon Vasily Ponomarev, priest Nikolai Smirnov, priest Nikolai Kurlov, archpriest John Voznesensky, Ivan Alekseevich Gardner
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  2. Emel’ianova O. (2020) “Narodnoe bogosluzhebnoe penie kak massovoe iavlenie v Moskve i Sankt-Peterburge v nachale XX veka” [Public liturgical singing as a frequent phenomenon in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the early 20th century], in Sbornik statei po materialam Vserossiiskikh nauchnykh chtenii, posvyashchennyh B. L. Iavorskomu (26–28 noiabria 2019 g.) Saratov, pp. 76–89 (in Russian).
  3. Filaret (Gumilevskii), archbishop (1995) Istoricheskii obzor pesnopevtsev i pesnopeniia grecheskoi tserkvi [Historical outline of church singers, and church singing of the Greek church]. Troitse-Sergieva Lavra (in Russian).
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  7. Khvatova S. (2010) “Upravlenie obshchenarodnym peniem v pravoslavnom khrame” [Conducting public singing in an Orthodox church]. Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia 2: Filologiia i iskusstvovedenie, 2, pp. 185–190 (in Russian).
  8. Kinstler A., Kornilov A. (2019) “Deyatel′nost′ episkopa Afanasiia (Martosa) vo glave severogermanskogo vikariatstva (1946–1950 gg.)” [Activities of the North German vicariate of Russian Orthodox Church Abroad in time of Bishop Afanasy’s (Martos) offi ce (1946–1950)]. Vestnik Pravoslavnogo Sviato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta. Seriia II : Istoriia. Istoriia Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi, 87, pp. 108–123 (in Russian).
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  11. Rusol E. (2002) Pomestnyi sobor Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi 1917–1918 goda o tserkovnom penii [Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918 on church singing]. Moscow (in Russian).
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  16. Zverev S. (ed.) (2002) Russkaia dukhovnaia muzyka v dokumentakh i materialakh [Russian spiritual music in documents and materials]. Vol. III. Tserkovnoe penie poreformennoi Rossii v osmyslenii sovremennikov (1861–1918); Pomestnyi Sobor Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi 1917–1918 gg. [Church singing in the post-reform Russia characterised by contemporaries (1861–1918); Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church of 1917–1918]. Moscow (in Russian).
Emelianova Olga
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3649-2601;
Email: olga.emelianova95@gmail.com.
Емельянова О. А. Общенародное богослужебное пение в Санкт-Петербургской епархии на рубеже XIX-XX веков // Вестник ПСТГУ. Серия V: Вопросы истории и теории христианского искусства. 2022. Вып. 46. С. 74-89. DOI: 10.15382/sturV202246.74-89
In the Russian Empire at the turn of the 19th – 20th centuries, there is a great interest in the practice of congregational singing. The documents of the Russian Local Council of 1917-1918, choir congresses, reports on the activities of church brotherhoods and societies, as well as publications in the press allow to judge to what significant extent the congregational singing at divine services was organized. Definitely, the support of the higher church hierarchy played a special role, as it is demonstrated by the Decrees of the Holy Synod, issued back in 1804 and 1847. At the beginning of the 20th century a solid foundation which enabled a broad participation of the people in divine service through singing and reading church hymns in the St. Petersburg diocese, where for a long time professional church singing and author's liturgical music were actively supported and developed, as well as in other large dioceses (Moscow, Tambov, Kazan, etc.) was built. These were special church orders that dispose the clergy to new parish activities, teaching parishioners and students of parish schools church singing, publishing materials for nationwide liturgical singing (Liturgy, Vespers, Matins, Moleben, Panikhida). Priests Mikhail Dubensky, Konstantin Lorchenko, Nikolai Kurlov, as well as the Alexander - Nevsky Temperance society were active organizers and leaders of the congregational singing at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the St. Petersburg diocese.There is no doubt that the study of the history of the congregational singing and the accumulated rich practical experience is of high importance precisely today, when this ancient tradition, which remains a powerful means of not only uniting people in the church, but also of enlightening and educating them in the Christian faith, is reviving and expanding.
congregational singing, priest Mikhail Dubensky, priest Konstantin Lorchenko, priest Nikolai Kurlov, priest Alexander Rozhdestvensky, priest Petr Mirtov, Alexander - Nevsky Temperance society, the complex of church music of ordinary chants for people
  1. Dubensky M., priest. Novomucheniki, ispovedniki, za Khrista postradavshie v gody gonenii na Russkuiu Pravoslavnuiu Tserkov′ v XX v.: baza dannykh PSTGU [New martyrs, confessors, sufferers for Christ in the years of persecution of the Russian Orthodox Church in the 20th century: a database], available at http://kuz3.pstbi.ru/bin/nkws.exe/no_dbpath/docum/ans/nm/?TYZCF2JMTdG6Xbu2su4ZfS4ee8YUX8XZc8Wf674Zf8Khfe8ctk* (in Russian; accessed 28.09.2021)
  2. Emel′ianova O. (2020) Obshchenarodnoe bogosluzhebnoe penie kak massovoe iavlenie v Moskve i Sankt-Peterburge v nachale XX veka [People’s singing at a church service as a mass phenomenon in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the early 20th century], in Problemy khudozhestvennogo tvorchestva: po materialam Vserossiiskikh nauchnykh chtenii, posviashchennykh B. L. Iavorskomu (26–28 noiabria 2019) [Problems of creativity in art. Proceedings of a conference in honour of B. L. Yavorsky, 26–28 November 2019]. Saratov, pp. 76–89 (in Russian).
  3. Rusol E. (2002) Pomestnyi sobor Russkoi Pravoslavnoi Tserkvi 1917–1918 goda o tserkovnom penii [Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church (1917–1918) on church singing]. Moscow (in Russian).
Emelianova Olga
Student status: Graduate student;
Place of study: St. Tikhon’s Orthodox University for the Humanities; 6/1 Likhov pereulok, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation;
ORCID: 0000-0003-3649-2601;
Email: olga.emelianova95@gmail.com.